Medallic Illustrations of the History of Science (First Series: XIXth and XXth Centuries.) Second Article

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<ul><li><p>Medallic Illustrations of the History of Science (First Series: XIXth and XXth Centuries.)Second ArticleAuthor(s): George SartonSource: Isis, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Jun., 1927), pp. 359-362Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/223720 .Accessed: 08/05/2014 22:19</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>The University of Chicago Press and The History of Science Society are collaborating with JSTOR to digitize,preserve and extend access to Isis.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 22:19:56 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=ucpresshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=hsshttp://www.jstor.org/stable/223720?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Medallic Illustrations of the History of Science. </p><p>(First Series: XIXth and XXth centuries.) Second article. </p><p>The first instalment appeared in Isis, vol. VIII, p. 333-5, pl. 17-20, 1926. The Editor will welcome photographs or suggestions for the </p><p>following parts of this series. It is intended to publish only medals </p><p>having a sufficient scientific and artistic interest. Medals dedicated to scientists who are sill living can Inrot be publiished at once but will be considered for ulterior publication. </p><p>GEORGE SARTON. </p><p>No. 6. JOANNES DIDERIK VAN DER WAALS. Born in Leiden in 1837, died in Amsterdam in 1923. Dutch physico-chenmiist. He i,ntro- duced GIBBS' theories into chemical research. He gave us a </p><p>deeper understanding of the continuity of the gaseous and the </p><p>liquid states. General equation of gases. Law of corresponding states. </p><p>Obiituary by H. KAMERLINGH ONNES in Nature, vol. 111, 609-10, 1923. Isis, V, 261; VI, 473. </p><p>Artist: FREDERIK ENGEL JELTSEMA, born in 1879 at Uithuizen, in Groningen; now (1926) living in Paris. </p><p>Size: 65 mm. Collection: J. H. SCHULMANN. Obv : Prof. Dr. J. D. VAN DER WAALS, aetatis LXXIII (fig. 9). Rev.: Ned. Belg. Vereeniging der penning vrienden. Nobelprijs </p><p>1910 (fig. 10). (Translation : Dutch Belgian society of medal friends. Nobel prize </p><p>1910). (Communicated by Dr. J. G. DE LINT, The Hague). </p><p>No. 7. (LAMBERT) ADOLPHE (JACQUES) QUETELET. Born in Ghent, 1796; died in Brussels, 1874. Belgian mathematician, statis- tician, meteorologist. One of the founders of statistics. </p><p>This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 22:19:56 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>GEORGE SARTON </p><p>FRANK HAMILTON HANKINS. QUETELET as statistician. 134 p. New York 1908. JOSEPH LOTTIN. QUETELET, statisticien et socio- </p><p>logue. 594 p. Louvain 1912. MAURICE HALBWACHS. La th6orie de l'homme moyen. Paris, 1912. See also Isis, IV, 603. </p><p>Artist: DAVID D'ANGERS (1789-1856), in 1845. Size : 160 mm. Collection: D. E. SMITH. </p><p>Obv.: A. QUETELET (fig. 11). Rev.: Nothing. </p><p>No. 8. NICOLAI IVANOVICH LOBACHEVSKII. Born in Nizhni Novgorod, 1793, died in Kasan, 1856. Russian mathematician. One of the founders of non-Euclidean geometry. </p><p>ALEKSANDER VASIL'EVICH VASIL'EV. Eloge historique pro- nonce A l'Universite de Kazan en 1893, 40 p. Paris, 1896. English translation from the Russian of the same text with preface by G. B. HALSTED. 48 p. Austin, Texas, 1894. </p><p>See also Isis, lII, 344. </p><p>Artist: A. B. (?). Size: 42 mm. Collection: D. E. SMITH (New York). </p><p>Obv.: Name in Russian (fig. 12). Rev.: Russian inscription of the Physico-Matmthematical Society of the </p><p>University of Kazan, 1895. </p><p>No. 9. (Baron) AUGUSTIN (LoUIS) CAUCHY. Born in Paris, 1789; died in Sceaux, Seine, 1857. French mathematician. </p><p>C. ALPH. VALSON. La vie et les travaux du Baron CAUCeY. Deux vol. in 1. Paris, 1868. F. J. STUDNICKA. CAUCHY als for- maler Begriinder der Determinantentheorie. 39 p. Prag, 1876. Biography read to the Acad6mie des Sciences by JOSEPH BERTRAND in 1898. PH. E. B. JOURDAIN. The origin of CAUCHY's concep- tions of a definite integral. Isis I, 661-703, 1914. </p><p>See also Isis I, 769. </p><p>Artist: PIERRE JEAN DAVID (usually called DAVID D'ANGERS). Born at Angers, 1789; died in Paris, 1856. French sculptor and medallist. </p><p>Size: 174 mm. Collection : D. E. SMITH. Obv.: AUGUSTIN CAUCHY, DAVID, 1843 (fig. 13). Rev.: Nothing. </p><p>360 </p><p>This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 22:19:56 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>MEDALLIC ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE </p><p>No. 10. LOUIS-JOSEPH GAY-LUSSAG. Born in Saint Leonard, Li- mousin, 1778; died in Paris, 1850. French physicist and chemist. </p><p>Physical and chemical study of gases, terrestrial magnetism, capillarity, etc. (see below). </p><p>Biography read by ARAGO to the Academie des Sciences in 1852. </p><p>See also Isis II, 277. </p><p>Artist: ANTOINE BovY. Swiss medallist. Size: 50 mm. Collection: G. S. Publisher : Monnaie, Paris. </p><p>Obv.: LouIS-JosEPH GAY-LUSSAc (portrait, fig. 14). Rev.: The following inscription within crown of oak leaves : N6 h </p><p>Saint LUonard (H. V.), 1778. Recherches physico-chimiques, Loi des volumes. Densites theoriques des vapeurs. Etude de l'iode. D6couverte du cyanogene. Chlorometrie. Alcalimetrie. Essais </p><p>d'argent. Mort i Paris, 1850. </p><p>No. 11. CARL FRIEDRICH GAUSS. Born in Brunswick, 1777; died in </p><p>Gottingen, 1855. German mathematician, astronomer, physicist. LUDWIG HAENSELMANN. GAUSS, 110 p. Leipzig, 1878. D. HIL- </p><p>BERT und E. WIECHERT. Festschrift zur Feier der Enthiillung des Gaus-Weber-Denkmals in Gottingen. 204 p. Leipzig, 1899. F. KLEIN, M. BRENDEL, L. SCHLESINGER (ed.). Materialien fiir eine wissenschaftliche Biographie von GAUSS. Heft I-VIII, Leipzig, 1911-20 (Isis I, 556; IV, 154; VI, 176). </p><p>See also Isis I, 165, 167, 307; II, 277, 287; IV, 153, 154. </p><p>Artist: FRIEDRICH BREHMER. Born 1815; died in Hanover, 1889. German sculptor and medallist. </p><p>Size: 70 mm. Collection: D. E. SMITH. Obv.: CARL FRIEDRICH GAUSS. MDCCLXXVII April XXX, MDCCCLV </p><p>Februar XXIII (fig. 15). Rev.: Konigliche Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Gottingen. </p><p>MDCCCLXXVII April XXX (Laurel branches). </p><p>No. 12. Baron GEORGES (LiOPOLD, CHRETIEN, FRaDERIC, DAGOBERT) CUVIER. Born in Montb6liard, 1769; died, Paris, 1832. French zoologist and palaeontologist. One of the founders of vertebrate </p><p>palaeontology and comparative zoology. </p><p>361 </p><p>This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 22:19:56 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>GEORGE SARTON </p><p>Biography read by PIERRE FLOURENS to the Academie des Sciences in 1834; develolped in book form: CUVIER. Histoire de ses travaux. 2 ed. rev., 528 p. Paris, 1845. SARAH Bow- DICH LEE. Memoirs of CUVIER. 197 p. New York, 1833. H. M. DUCROTAY DE BLAINVILLE. CUVIER et GEOFFROY SAINT- HILAIRE. Paris, 1890. Louis ROULE. CUVIER. Paris, 1926 </p><p>(Isis, IX, No. 31). HENRI DEHERAIN. Catalogue des MSS. du fonds Cuvier. Paris, 1907-1908 (Isis, VI, 179). </p><p>See also Isis, I, 166; II, 447; IV, 493. </p><p>Artist: ANTOINE BOVY (1795-1877). Size: 50 mm. Collection: G. S. Publisher: Monnaie, Paris. </p><p>Obv.: GEORGES CUVIER (portrait, fig. 16). Rev.: Following inscription within crown of oak leaves: Ne i </p><p>Montbeliard, 1769. Membre de l'Institut, 1795. Secretaire per- petuel de l'Academie des Sciences, 1803. Maitre des requetes, 1813. Conseiller d'Etat, 1814. Membre de la Commission de l'instruction publique, 1815. Membre de l'Academie Frangaise, 1818. Acad6micien libre de l'Acad6mie des belles lettres, 1830. Pair de France, 1831. Mort 1832. </p><p>362 </p><p>This content downloaded from 169.229.32.137 on Thu, 8 May 2014 22:19:56 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp.[359]p.360p.361p.362</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsIsis, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Jun., 1927), pp. 221-386Front Matter [pp.221-222]The History of Science Society: Report of the Meetings for 1925 and 1926 [pp.223-225]Preface to Volume IX [pp.226-233]The Alleged Early English Version of Euclid [pp.234-238]'Ali ibn 'Isa, Das Astrolab und sein Gebrauch [pp.239-254]Das Planisphaerium des Claudius Ptolemaeus [pp.255-278]Leibniz als Begrunder der symbolischen Mathematik [pp.279-293]La theorie de la composition des sels et la theorie de la combustion d'apres Stahl et ses disciples [pp.294-325]Continuous Re-Creation and Atomic Time in Muslim Scholastic Theology [pp.326-344]Le probleme logique de la definition des nombres irrationnels [pp.345-358]Medallic Illustrations of the History of Science (First Series: XIXth and XXth Centuries.) Second Article [pp.359-362]Notes and Correspondence [pp.363-364]Reviewsuntitled [pp.365-367]untitled [pp.367-370]untitled [pp.370-372]untitled [pp.372-374]untitled [pp.375-377]untitled [pp.378-380]untitled [pp.380-382]</p><p>Contents of the First Eight Volumes of Isis [pp.383-386]Back Matter</p></li></ul>

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