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Meaning of Life (MOL) 1 Philosophical Perspectives (Wikipedia Material) Read this part of the Wikipedia Material in your textbook, and follow the prompts in this presentation! SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY AND PERSPECTIVES Origin and Nature of Life and the Universe Ptolemy Spheres Foldable Portable Cup Natural Philosophy = TODAYS Science Science / Natural Science was separated from Philosophy on the basis that it gathers Empirical Knowledge (facts gathered through the 5 senses/ Sense Experience - EMPIRICISM) as opposed to Non-Empirical Knowledge (information gathered through Human Thinking/Reason alone without any specific proof or fact gathering through the use of sense of experience - RATIONALISM). By making this major assertion, modern-day scientists are contradicting themselves: they call their scientific inquiry rational yet because it is empirical in nature, it cannot be called rational according to the modern definition of Science, so their inquiry lacks totality / wholeness. If Scientists are just Empiricists, they are mere (just) Modelers, and if they are just Rationalists, they are mere Thinkers. However, if they are BOTH Empiricists and Rationalists at the SAME TIME, they are Creative Thinkers. Actually, Idealist Rationalists are more creative than Empiricist Rationalists because Thought creates Form and not the other way around. This is the separation between Tier 1 Natural Philosophy (Idealist-Rationalist / Idealist-Rationalist-Empiricist Scientists) hardly found in mainstream universities, and Tier 3 Science (Empiricist Scientists) found in almost all mainstream universities. 1) Scientific Inquiry and Perspectives: Psychological Significance and Value in Life 2) Origin & Nature of Biological Life 3) Origins & Ultimate Fate of the Universe 4) Scientific Questions about the Mind 5) Parapsychology Idealism vs. Rationalism vs. Empiricism Rationalism In epistemology => "regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge, or "any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or justification". More formally, defined as a methodology or a theory "in which the criterion of the truth is not sensory but intellectual and deductive". Reality has an intrinsically logical structure, so rationalists argue that certain truths exist and that the intellect can directly grasp these truths. Certain rational principles exist in logic, mathematics, ethics, and metaphysics that are so fundamentally true that denying them causes one to fall into contradiction. Such a high confidence in reason that empirical proof and physical evidence are unnecessary to ascertain truth in other words, "there are significant ways in which our concepts and knowledge are gained independently of sense experience". Because of this belief, empiricism is one of rationalism's greatest rivals. ( Empiricism Knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience. One of several views of epistemology, the study of human knowledge, along with rationalism and skepticism, empiricism emphasizes the role of experience and evidence, especially sensory experience, in the formation of ideas, over the notion of innate ideas or traditions. Empiricists may argue however that traditions (or customs) arise due to relations of previous sense experiences. ( icism ) icism Idealism Reality, or reality as we can know it = mental, mentally constructed, or immaterial. Epistemologically =>manifests as a skepticism about the possibility of knowing any mind-independent thing. In a sociological sense => emphasizes how human ideas especially beliefs and valuesshape society. As an ontological doctrine => all entities are composed of mind or spirit. Rejects physicalist and dualist theories that fail to ascribe priority to the mind. ( 1) Scientific Inquiry & Perspectives TOPIC EXAMPLES: 1) Science of Happiness ; 2) Death Anxiety Investigation of various aspects of Life & Reality Big Bang, Origin of Life, Evolution plus Study of the OBJECTIVE FACTORS which correlate with the SUBJECTIVE EXPERIENCE of Meaning and Happiness. Sociology examines Value at the Social Level and looks at Value Systems such as Terror Management Theory Human Meaning of Life is derived from a fundamental (basic & deep) Fear of Death, and Values are selected when they allow human beings to escape the Mental Reminder of Death. Meaning of Life predicts better Physical Health Outcomes British National Health Service Five-Step Plan for Mental Well-Being based on a Meaningful Life: 1) Community & Family Connection ; 2) Physical Exercise ; 3) Lifelong Learning (Mental Exercise) ; 4) Giving to others ; 5) Mindfulness of the world around oneself Psychological Significance and Value in Life Recently added material in the Meaning of Life scientific portion of Wikipedia 1) Positive Psychology study of empirical factors that lead to life satisfaction, full engagement in activities, making a fuller contribution by utilizing one's personal strengths, and meaning based on investing in something larger than the self. 2) Neuroscience describes reward, pleasure, and motivation in terms of neurotransmitter activity. 3) Science of Morality the empirical pursuit of flourishing for all conscious creatures. 4) Experimental Philosophy & Neuroethics research collect data about human ethical decisions. 5) Neurotheology controversial field which tries to find neural correlates and mechanisms of religious experience. 2) Origin & Nature of Biological Life The exact mechanism of Abiogenesis [the natural process of life arising from non-living matter, such as simple organic compounds. (] are unknown. Notable theories - RNA world hypothesis (RNA-based replicators) and the iron-sulfur world theory (metabolism without genetics). Different life forms have developed throughout history via genetic mutation and natural selection is explained by evolution. Biologists generally agree that life forms are self-organizing systems which regulate their internal environments as to maintain this organized state, metabolism serves to provide energy, and reproduction causes life to continue over a span of multiple generations. Non-cellular replicating agents, notably viruses, are generally not considered to be organisms because they are incapable of independent reproduction or metabolism. This classification is problematic, though, since some parasites and endosymbionts are also incapable of independent life. Astrobiology - studies the possibility of different forms of life on other worlds, including replicating structures made from materials other than DNA. Questions about the True Nature of Life Electro-Magnetic Holo-Graphic Universe Wave vs. Particle Light or Wave-Particle Light (Photons) / Energy is electrical and magnetic / Waves and Particles are moved by both Electricity and Magnetism. The computer we use today is based on Biological Computers also known as (aka) Life Forms. Discarnate/Uncarnate/Incorporeal (not within a biological machine body literally meaning not in flesh) Life Forms vs. Incarnate/Corporeal (within or inside a biological machine body literally meaning in flesh) Life Forms. WHO created the Biological Computer/Machine ? Lets go back to Essence and Existence. Who is the Father? Who is the Mother? Who is the Child? Life is not just a combination of material metabolic and reproductive processes. Life is Energy all- encompassing, self-generating, expanding and eternal that has cycles of birthing Discarnate Beings (Emanations), which in turn create their own Vessels (Biological Computers/Machines) of Incarnate Existence through Thoughts (light waves) and Vibrations (sound waves). HOW are these Biological Computers/Machines propagated? DNA is the template of Incarnate Existence. It carries all the programs of Incarnate Existence including the Holographic information that makes existence seem solid. Thats why so-called Reality is an Illusion. But this is not entirely true. There is a Reality, but it is not what we think it is. Biological Computers evolve through DNA expansion of energy. Once enough energy is embodied within the present DNA strands, more strands need to be created. This creation expands the different levels of the body of the Incarnate Being. Simply put, both Essence and Existence are made up of Electro-Magnetic Waves of Energy (Light and Sound). Consciousness is Electro- Magnetic as well. 3) Origins & Ultimate Fate of the Universe Big Bang Theory (Birth) (also a crass sexual joke by those who know the Truth) Big Freeze / Big Rip / Big Crunch Theory (Death) Theoretical Cosmology - studies many alternative speculative models for the origin and fate of the universe beyond the big bang theory. A recent trend has been models of the creation of 'baby universes' inside black holes, with our own big bang resulting from the formation of a black hole in another parent universe. Multiverse theories claim that every possibility of quantum mechanics is played out in parallel universes. Questions about the True Nature and Origin of the Uni-Verse In the beginning there was nothing: just silence (no sound wave of any kind) just darkness (no wave- particle of light of any kind) just stillness (no movement of energy, or kinetic energy of any kind) This NOTHING was SOMETHING It was the Potential Energy of the Mother The Yin. Then the word was spoken. What is this word? Words are sounds or sound waves, so the first sound was made by WHOM? The Father spoke the Word, and everything moved. Before the word was spoken, though, there was a Thought a wave-particle of energy or Photonic Light. Where did this Thought come from? It came from Nothing. This Nothing w