meaning of christmas

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With photographs taken in Nazareth and Bethlehem and quotations from the Biblle the meaning of Christmas is explained. For illustration a masterpiece of Matthias Gruenwewald with the Annunciation and Mary with the Child is presented.

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  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 1 date: 19 December 2010

    The meaningThe meaning

    ofof

    ChristmasChristmas

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 2 date: 19 December 2010

    Content

    advent: the preparation

    the Bible (Old Testament)

    Nazareth

    the home of Mary

    the annunciation

    the Bible (New Testament)

    Bethlehem

    the birth of Jesus

    the shepherds

    the Bible (New Testament)

    Grnewald

    Isenheimer altaar

    Mayn, 1975, retabel Torreciudad

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 3 date: 19 December 2010

    Advent: the preparation I

    Genesis 3:14-15 (circa 900 b.c)

    (14) And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou hast done

    this thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and beasts of the earth:

    upon thy breast shalt thou go, and earth shalt thou eat all the days

    of thy life.

    (15) I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed

    and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for

    her heel.

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 4 date: 19 December 2010

    Advent: the preparation II

    Samuel 7:12-14 (7th century b.c.)

    (12) And when thy days shall be

    fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with

    thy fathers, I will raise up thy seed

    after thee, which shall proceed

    out of the bowels, and I will

    establish his kingdom.

    (13) He shall build a house to my

    name, and I will establish the

    throne of his kingdom fore ever.

    (14) I will be to him a father, and

    he shall be to me a son: and if he

    commit any iniquity, I will correct

    him with the rod of men, and with

    the stripes of the children of men.

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 5 date: 19 December 2010

    Advent; the preparation III

    Isaiah 7:13-14 (8th century b.c)

    (13) And he said: Hear ye

    therefore, O house of David: Is it a

    small thing for you to be grievous

    to men, that you are grievous to

    my God also?

    (14) Therefore the Lord himself

    shall give you a sign. Behold a

    virgin shall conceive, and bear a

    son and his name shall be called

    Emmanuel.

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 6 date: 19 December 2010

    The archangel Gabriel and the virgin Mary I

    Luke 1:26-28(1st century)

    (26) And in the sixth

    month, the angel Gabriel

    was sent from God into a

    city of Galilee, called

    Nazareth,

    (27) To a virgin espoused

    to a man whose name was

    Joseph, of the house of

    David: and the virgin's

    name was Mary.

    (28) And the angel being

    come in, said unto her: Hail,

    full of grace, the Lord is

    with thee: blessed art thou

    among women.

    The church on top of the house of Mary in Nazareth

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 7 date: 19 December 2010

    Nazareth: The Church with the house of Mary

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 8 date: 19 December 2010

    The archangel Gabriel and the virgin Mary II

    Luke 1:31-33 (1st century)

    (31) Behold thou shalt

    conceive in thy womb and

    shalt bring forth a son: and

    thou shalt call his name

    Jesus.

    (32) He shall be great and

    shall be called the Son of

    the Most High. And the Lord

    God shall give unto him the

    throne of David his father:

    and he shall reign in the

    house of Jacob for ever.

    (33) And of his kingdom

    there shall be no end.

    The church with the house of Mary

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 9 date: 19 December 2010

    The archangel Gabriel and the virgin Mary III

    Luke 1:35+38 (1st century)

    (35) And the angel

    answering, said to her: The

    Holy Ghost shall come upon

    thee and the power of the

    Most High shall overshadow

    thee. And therefore also the

    Holy which shall be born of

    thee shall be called the Son

    of God.

    (38) And Mary said: Behold

    the handmaid of the Lord: be

    it done to me according to thy

    word. And the angel departed

    from her.

    The house of Mary in Nazareth

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 10 date: 19 December 2010

    The archangel Gabriel and the virgin Mary IV

    John 1:14 (1st century)

    (14) And the Word was

    made flesh and dwelt

    among us (and we saw his

    glory, the glory as it were of

    the only begotten of the

    Father), full of grace and

    truth.

    VERBUM CARO HIC

    FACTUM EST

    The Word became

    flesh here

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 11 date: 19 December 2010

    The Church above the cave of Bethlehem

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 12 date: 19 December 2010

    The nativity of Christ in Bethlehem I

    Luke 2:1+4-5 (1st century)

    (1) And it came to pass that in

    those days there went out a

    decree from Caesar Augustus

    that the whole world should be

    enrolled.

    (4) And Joseph also went up

    from Galilee, out of the city of

    Nazareth, into Judea, to the

    city of David, which is called

    Bethlehem: because he was of

    the house and family of David.

    (5) To be enrolled with Mary

    his espoused wife, who was

    with child.The entrance to the cave of Bethlehem

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 13 date: 19 December 2010

    The nativity of Christ in Bethlehem II

    Luke 2: 6-7 (1st century)

    (6) And it came to pass

    that when they were

    there, her days were

    accomplished that she

    should be delivered.

    (7) And she brought

    forth her first born son

    and wrapped him up in

    swaddling clothes and

    laid him in a manger:

    because there was no

    room for them in the inn.

    Inside of the cave of Bethlehem

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 14 date: 19 December 2010

    The place of the nativity in Bethlehem I

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 15 date: 19 December 2010

    The place of the nativity in Bethlehem II

    Hic de Virgine Maria

    Iesus Christus nascit

    Here Jesus Christ was

    born from the virgin

    Mary

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 16 date: 19 December 2010

    The shepherds field near Bethlehem I

    Luke 2:8-10 (1st century)

    (8) And there were in the

    same country shepherds

    watching and keeping the

    night watches over their

    flock.

    (9) And behold an angel of

    the Lord stood by them and

    the brightness of God shone

    round about them: and they

    feared with a great fear.

    (10) And the angel said to

    them: Fear not; for, behold, I

    bring you good tidings of

    great joy that shall be to all

    the people:

    The shepherds field near Bethlehem

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 17 date: 19 December 2010

    De nativity of Christ in Bethlehem III

    Luke 2:11-12 (1st

    century)

    (11) For unto you is

    born this day in the

    city of David a

    Saviour, which is

    Christ the Lord.

    (12) And this shall be

    a sign unto you; Ye

    shall find the babe

    wrapped in

    swaddling clothes,

    lying in a manger.

    The manger in the cave at Bethlehem

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 18 date: 19 December 2010

    The fountain at the shepherds field in Bethlehem

    Lucas, 2, 13-14 (1e eeuw)

    [13] En plotseling voegde

    zich bij de engel een groot

    hemels leger dat God

    prees met de woorden:[14]

    Eer aan God in de hoogste

    hemel en vrede op aarde

    voor alle mensen die hij

    liefheeft.

    De omgeving van het herdersveld bij

    Bethlehem

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 19 date: 19 December 2010

    Luke 2:13-14 (1st century)

    (13) And suddenly there

    was with the angel a

    multitude of the heavenly

    host praising God, and

    saying,

    (14) Glory to God in the

    highest, and on earth

    peace, good will toward

    men.

    The surroundings of the shepherds

    field at Bethlehem (with fountain)

    The shepherds field near Bethlehem II

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 20 date: 19 December 2010

    Grnewald (1470-1528): Isenheimer altar I

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 21 date: 19 December 2010

    Grnewald: Isenheimer altar II

    The annunciation of the angel to the virgin

    Mary

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 22 date: 19 December 2010

    Grnewald: Isenheimer altar III

    Luke 1:35 + 38 (1st century)

    (35) And the angel answered and

    said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall

    come upon thee, and the power of

    the Highest shall overshadow thee.

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 23 date: 19 December 2010

    Grnewald: the prophet Isaiah

  • CSR: Culture, Science and Religion Christmas.ppt pagina 24 date: 19 December 2010

    Grnewald: Isenhe

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