Maroons, Music & Slave Rebellions

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Maroons, Music & Slave Rebellions. I. Slave Rebellions & Escapes. A. African Slaves would frequently rebel and/or escape from slavery B. Escapes came in the form of: 1. Slave ship mutiny (ex. Amistad) 2. Slave ship wreck (ex. Ecuador) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Maroons, Music & Rebellions

Maroons, Music & Slave Rebellions

I. Slave Rebellions & EscapesA. African Slaves would frequently rebel and/or escape from slaveryB. Escapes came in the form of: 1. Slave ship mutiny (ex. Amistad)2. Slave ship wreck (ex. Ecuador)3. Rebellion (ex. Jamaica Maroon Wars, Garifuna of St. Vincent)I. Slave Rebellions & EscapesC. Some fugitive slaves became pirates, while others started their own communities D. Escaped Africans often mixed with Native American groups examples:1. Garifuna: African & Carib &Arawak (Native Americans) living in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua2. Jamaica: Akan Ghana & Arawak & TainoI. Slave Rebellions & Escapes

I. Slave Rebellions & EscapesE. The Spanish called fugitive slaves Maroons F. Derived from the word Cimarron, which meant runaway living on a mountain topG. The majority of Maroon communities are located in the AmericasII. Black Pirates

II. Black PiratesA. There were approximately 1,500 Black pirates (Maroons)B. The most famous was Black Cesar, who escaped from a slave ship wreck & eventually joined BlackbeardC. Diego Grillo, first Cuban pirateII. Black Pirates

III. Jamaican MaroonsA. In 1655, the Spanish left Jamaica & their African slavesB. Some Africans escaped to the Blue Mountains & joined existing Maroon communitiesIII. Jamaican Maroons

III. Jamaican MaroonsC. They survived by:1. Raiding plantations2. Developing recipes such as jerk chicken (seasoning, curing & drying meat)3. Using the tissue paper tree

III. Jamaican Maroons

III. Jamaican Maroons

III. Jamaican MaroonsD. The First Maroon War1. Were the result of the British trying to get control of the Maroons2. The 1st Maroon War, two leaders emerged: Cudjoe & Queen Nanny (AKA Granny Nanny) excellent military strategist & experts in guerilla warfareIII. Jamaican Maroons

III. Jamaican Maroons

III. Jamaican Maroons

III. Jamaican Maroons3. In 1739, first Peace Agreement4. Second Maroon War, more tension between the plantation owners & certain Maroon communities5. 1795 The Peace Agreement is broken, the Maroons of Trelawney lose.6. Some are sent Nova Scotia, Canada & Sierra Leone, West AfricaIII. Jamaican Maroons

Nova Scotia, CanadaIII. Jamaican Maroons

Sierra LeoneIV. Garifuna

IV. GarifunaA. The Garifuna were originally stolen from West Africa.B. Their slave ship wrecked off the coast of St. Vincent in 1635C. The Garifuna came ashore & intermarried with the Carib IndiansIV. Garifuna

IV. GarifunaD. This intermarriage resulted in Black Carib people & culture (food, music, language, dance, religion, agriculture techniques, etc)

Chief Joseph Chatoyer

24IV. GarifunaE. In 1700s, the British came & started a war against the Garifuna & FrenchF. In 1796, the Garifuna surrendered G. The British exiled 5, 000 to Baliceaux Island, where they were placed in concentration campsIV. Garifuna

IV. GarifunaH. the other half to Roatan Island off the coast of HondurasI. The Spanish allowed the Garifuna to come ashore in Central America, J. Resulting in large Garifuna populations in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras & NicaraguaIV. Garifuna

IV. Garifuna

IV. GarifunaK. Garifuna are famous for their music & dance forms: Punta, Paranda, Chumba, Hungu Hungu and WanaraguaL. Garifuna food is a combination of Africa, Carib, Mayan & Spanish cuisineIV. Garifuna

V. Quilombo dos Palmares

V. Quilombo dos Palmares A. Quilombo dos Palmares were:1. small settlements among the palm trees in northeast Brazil 2. settled by Africans & Native Americans escaping slavery3. existed from 1605-16944. Modern day Pernambuco and Alagoas regions of BrazilV. Quilombo dos Palmares

V. Quilombo dos Palmares B. Palmares populations ranged from 10,000-20,000 at its heightC. Also included Arabs & Jews, mulattoes, caboclos (mestizos), poor whites & runaway soldiers D. Ganga Zumba & Zumbi (his nephew) were the legendary chiefsV. Quilombo dos Palmares

V. Quilombo dos Palmares E. Used several fighting techniques such as bows, arrows & capoeira against the PortugueseF. 1694, the Portuguese won, took control of the Palmares & killed Zumbi (1695)

V. Quilombo dos Palmares

Bibliography1. Black Pirates http://www.cindyvallar.com/blackpirates.html