maria montessori

Download Maria Montessori

Post on 27-May-2015




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Presentation on the introduction of the Philosophy and theory behind Maria Montessori.


  • 1. Maria Montessori Physician and Educator

2. About: Born in Chiaravalle, Italy in 1870 Worked with Mentally Retarded children Influenced by: Jean Itard, Edourd Seguin, Jean-Jacques Rousseau Graduated in 1896 (first female physician in Italy) 1907- The first Childrens HouseMethod Born Spread through Lecture and teacher courses 3. Prevalence/ Influence:50,000 Private schools 200 Public Schools 4. Her InfluenceChild-centered Froebel Deep meaning comes from Childish play English 5. Natural learning desire How it fits in big picture Naturally engaged Why? One on one or groups Self-paced Divergent thinking Montessori:Conventional:Hands on Kids have More of a flameA+, parties Worried about gradesNo Punishments incentivesincentivesChildren do not Need to be forced to learnTrips toStandardizationinnovation No homework Prior to kindergarten- they touch everythingMixed ages(3-6 years, 6-9, so on)No-testsMoves aroundStands at front Convergent thinking 6. Freedom within limits Meticulous Observing Strong sense of community Multi-age rooms Children learn by doing 7. students engaged in writing and rhythm exercises, playing with building blocks or setting tables for lunchMovement: 8. Environment:Inquiring, cooperative, nurturing environment Problem solvers Fostering competent, responsible, adaptive citizens 9. Motor education Practical Life Didactic materials To prepare.Use of instructional materials into early childhood curriculum to support children as they become in their self-directed activitiesSensesChildren should be active participants in learning and it is the role of the teacher to be passive but available to help guide and protect young students in their learning process. (Standing, 1957) 10. Care for Environment 11. MATERIALS:Known-materials Sound cylinders Numerical Rods Sandpaper letters/numberals Stacking materials Geometry templets (Self-correcting) 12. Read/Write 13. Multi-age: aggressive vibe?CriticismRejection of parental involvement Resources scarcity: developmentally appropriate? Exploring people outside clique Systematic use of materials: Creativity curbed?Students gardening at a Berlin Montessori school, 1930. (Wikimedia Commons) 14. References:Standing, E.M., (1957) Maria Montessori: her life and work. New York: the New American Library, Inc. -long