‘making viking archaeology work in orkney- the place of things’ julie gibson and sarah jane...

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  • Slide 1
  • Making Viking Archaeology Work in Orkney- the place of Things Julie Gibson and Sarah Jane Gibbon Orkney Islands Council and Orkney College, UHI
  • Slide 2
  • Numbers visiting archaeological sites as main activity 23% in Orkney (Orkney Tourist Board, 2000) 1% in Highlands (Highland Visitor Survey,)2002 Orkney 63% did archaeology whilst here Highland 61% did sight seeing
  • Slide 3
  • Value of Tourism to economy, in Orkney 2001 Farming 55 million Tourism 28 million The rest much less! Minimum of 6m per annum income attributable to archaeology. Holistic branding raises value of all sectors.
  • Slide 4
  • Employment/Businesses in Orkney supported by archaeological heritage Historic Scotland University of Highlands and Islands Millennium Institute (researchers/teachers/ technical staff) OIC Museums/heritage Accommodation operators Transport operators (buses/taxis/ferries/air) Harbours (cruise ships fees) Specialist tour companies (also outwith Orkney) Private operators of archaeological sites-based heritage centres Retailers Jewellers Farmers (Agri-environment schemes) Independent, voluntary community heritage (many of these) The multiplier benefit of any spend in our tiny communities is huge.
  • Slide 5
  • Orkney College Geophysics Unit SAA 2008: The Heart of Neolithic Orkney
  • Slide 6
  • Developing the market Markets can fall as well as rise. Jersey (as comparitor UK island) has seen drop in visitor numbers Requirement to ensure interpretation is not static - expert, up to date research needed Requirement to develop audience - taking passive viewers (via various media)- making active visitors Quantity: Need to develop number of sites in any one area Quality Sustainable tourism
  • Slide 7
  • Orkney College Geophysics Unit Geophysics, magnetometer surveys in The Heart of Neolithic Orkney
  • Slide 8
  • Ness of Brodgar Neolithic temple complex in the Heart of Neolithic Orkney. 2008 Working with Orkneyjar website
  • Slide 9
  • Quoygrew, Westray From 1000AD to 16 th century James Barrett York University
  • Slide 10
  • The boat itself, the three grave companions, their everlasting treasure: A pagan statement of Norwegian roots. Buried c.1000AD. A chance find by farmer. Dalland & Owen On display in Orkney Museum Grave goods from the Scar boat grave.
  • Slide 11
  • International support: Visit of Arni Magnusson Institute scholars Geophysics survey showing foundations by Orkney College Excavation by James Barrett, Cambridge University Brough of Deerness: Current work to develop a Viking age visitor site on a cliff stack
  • Slide 12
  • Research in practice in a rural University Systematic fact finding for baseline data (auditing) Opportunistic and targetted data collection- e.g. related to management and threats Responsive research based on community need Supported by Research initiatives; studentships and programmes Creating Applied research For Knowledge transfer
  • Slide 13
  • Orkneys Thing Sites A bit of a mystery Not yet the focus of academic research or economic development Great potential
  • Slide 14
  • What do we have? Two ting derived place-names Ten references to tings being held in Orkney in the Orkneyinga Saga (located and unlocated) Meagre later medieval historical documentation of regular Lawtings
  • Slide 15
  • Tingwall
  • Slide 16
  • Sheltered water and small harbour basin Gairsay (Swein Asleifarson) Tingwall Mound Wyre (Kolbein Hruga) Tingwall
  • Slide 17
  • Dingieshowe
  • Slide 18
  • Slide 19
  • Orkneyinga Saga References Pierowall WestrayPhoto Frank Bradford 59degreesN Photo by Sigurd Towrie Kirkwall
  • Slide 20
  • C15 17 Historical References Lawman Royal Judge & presiding officer of Lawting Hirdmansteinn, Lawting, Allhallow (Wapenstein) 24 members of Lawting goodmen, roithmen, lawrikmen, baillies Baillie Courts with a Norse Legacy
  • Slide 21
  • Summary To give meaning to these places we need : - A place-name audit of assembly sites Targeted field investigation Exploration of folklore and historical material A holistic interpretation of the thing sites in their cultural environments, both local and international
  • Slide 22