making the money work: the “three ones” in action michel sidibe

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Making the Money Work: The “Three Ones” in Action Michel Sidibe. Taking stock-fragmentation, dispersion, proliferation. AUTHORITY IS DISPERSED. NAT’L PLANNING&PRIORITIES WEAKENED. M&E FRAGMENTED. M&E FRAGMENTED. IMPLEMENTATION SLOWED. WHO. INT NGO. CIDA. 3/5. UNAIDS. GTZ. RNE. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Making the Money Work: The Three Ones in Action

    Michel Sidibe



  • Bypassing central govt units by providing aid through projects

    Credibility of the national response is compromised

    Agenda becomes donor-driven and often inconsistent with the one national framework.

    Distortions in human capacity, policy dialogue, focus, partnership

    Stakeholder confidence levels fall

    Undermine quality of governance and capacity of the public sector

    Increased recurrent expenditure

    No sustained impact in poor sector policy environment

    What are the costs?

  • the way forwardIn an effort to address the lack of harmonization, need for effective and efficient use of resources, and rapid action and results based management at country level, the Three Ones principles were developed and approved by developing countries and key donors in April 2004.

    The African Union adopted Three Ones at its Summit in January 2005.

  • What are the Three Ones?One agreed AIDS action framework that provides the basis for coordinating the work of all partners; NOT mere strategic plansOne national AIDS authority, with a broad-based multisectoral mandate; NOT about only government controlOne agreed country-level monitoring and evaluation system; NOT merely reporting, but accountability

  • Guiding Principles and ApproachesGovernment in the drivers seatNational ownershipStrong focus:national priorities, capacity building, stakeholder participationFlexible approach from country to country, not one-size-fits-all.Enhanced impact of partnership with all sectorsReduction of transaction costsDefined roles, responsibilities and levels of accountability

  • The Three Ones Implementation Continuum

  • Major bilateral and multi-lateral financial donors should:

    agree on Global Coordinating Mechanism (GCM)

    appoint a Three Ones focal point among their senior managers to work with a team in the UNAIDS Secretariat

    establish within 90 days an action program for global coordination, including specific areas for harmonization, based on the comparative advantages and policies and procedures of the various donors.

    As a first step, World Bank and UNAIDS will assemble for the GCM a status report of Three Ones progress initially in a select number of countries. This status report will form the basis for an action program to be submitted to the financial donors.

    The external donors may want to agree on a lead donor for financial coordination at the country level.

    Implementation of the Three Ones

  • UNAIDS action plan highlights

    Three Ones e-forum to facilitate information sharing among partners at country, regional and global levels.Facilitate horizontal learning among all stakeholders.

    Country-level mappingUCC annual reports (rapid assessment)Consultant-assisted, detailed mapping in 12 focus countries.

    National consultations with major stakeholders to promote Three Ones and build consensus on way forward

    Technical/institutional support on:Monitoring and evaluationPartnership forumsJoint participatory reviewsHarmonization of coordination mechanisms

    Three Ones reportingAnnual reportCase studies and model approaches

  • Three Ones in action a sampling of progress

    In Kenya, a Harmonization Task Force has been established under the leadership of the National AIDS Control Council with the assistance of UNAIDS. An agreement has also been reached to develop a database of community-based organizations to better coordinate donor support. Also, the 2005-2010 national strategic plan will use the Three Ones as its guiding principles.

    The Uganda AIDS Commission announced recently that the third and final element of its national coordination triad a national M&E framework is ready for implementation. The next important step, also with substantive UN support, will be the endorsement of a National AIDS Policy fully anchored in the principles of the Three Ones.

  • Three Ones in action a sampling of progress

    In Indonesia, UNAIDS is leading a joint assessment of the Three Ones with national and external stakeholders.

    In the Philippines, the Three Ones was presented in June at a plenary meeting of the Philippine National AIDS Council. There was a positive feedback and the councils chair, the Secretary of Health, who has expressed a desire to see the principles operationalized.

    In Ethiopia, the World Bank and UNAIDS are co-sponsoring a consultation to facilitate action-oriented policy dialogue on the Three Ones that will take place in Addis Ababa, in February 2005.


    --We all agree that the AIDS epidemic has developed into a global crisis of extraordinary dimension.--It depletes capacity much faster than it can be replenished, affects all sectors of society, and generates long-term vulnerability.--Accordingly, increasing resources are being devoted to AIDS fight. The AIDS response has become a crowded market with extreme competition for attention and space.

    --Facing this situation, agreement has been achieved.--There is a need to speed up processes and action--a need for better means to overcome barriers to effective implementation--a need for more effective approaches to social services

    --The Three Ones principles were initiated by UNAIDS with support from the Global Fund and the World Bank and endorsed through a consultative process at global and country levels. (ICASA, UK Call for Action, US/UK/UNAIDS Washington meeting)--National AIDS programmes and major donors have agreed to enhance effectiveness, speed and sustainability of the AIDS fight

    --So what are the Three Ones? Here they are (read off all three)

    In thinking about harmonizing procedures for implementing programmes and projects, the UN ExCom agencies have agreed to some important guiding principles: National ownership is keyGovernment is in the drivers seat.To do this, there must be a strong focus on national priorities, capacity development and stakeholder participation. By using a flexible approach from country to country, the UN ExCom seeks to converge around national systems and processes. We know that one size does not fit all.The overall goals are to enhance the impact of the UN as a whole, to reduce transaction costs, and benefit from the synergies that the UN country team members can create.Also, it is important to note that best agency practices have been adopted, NOT the least common denominator.

    In support of the national efforts, UNAIDS has mapped out key priority areas of focus to support national efforts

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