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  1. 1. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Maintenance Questions Risk assessments and legislation.! Q.1: Write down three hazards with the area in which you are working. A.1 1) 2) 3) ! Q.2: Write down the risks that are associated with the three hazards that you have just written down. A.2 1) 2) 3) 1http://drivelink.training Is this a test?! Not really, its more of an aide to revision for your City & Guilds NPTC Level 2 Award in Chainsaw Maintenance & Crosscutting assessment. The questions here are designed to ensure that you are ready to answer the questions that you are likely to come across during your assessment. Try to answer as many as you can without looking - for those you are not sure about either look up the answer in: City & Guilds NPTC qualication guidance; or the manufacturers handbook for your saw / chain. the relevant FISA guidance booklet (FISA 304: chainsaw crosscutting and manual stacking). If you do get really stuck, or want to ask a question, please email david@drivelinktraining.co.uk NOTE: This document and images may not be altered or reproduced without prior written permission. All images are copyright of D. Vickers. KNOWLEDGE Underpinning knowledge | Maintenance | Crosscut
  2. 2. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 ! Q.3: Write down three hazards with the actual work you are doing. A.3 1) 2) 3) ! Q.4: Write down the risks that are associated with the three hazards that you have just written down. A.4 1) 2) 3) ! Q.5: List ve items that you would include in an emergency procedure. A.5 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ! Q.6: Who has a duty of responsibility under the Health & Safety At Work Act? (circle the correct answer) Employees Employers Employers and employees The general public ! 2http://drivelink.training HINT: Remember that a hazard is the thing that could cause harm, and the risk is what might happen to cause that harm. So, a power line is a hazard, because there is a risk of electrocution.
  3. 3. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.7: The Health & Safety At Work Act is about maintaining a safe place of A.7 ! ! Q.8: The Provision & Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) states that A.8 1) Equipment must be 2) Operators must be ! Q.9: AFAG and/or FISA guides provide what? A.9 ! ! ! Maintaining The Saw! Q.10: Write down one reason as to why you should maintain the saw according to the manufacturers instructions. A.10 ! ! Q.11: For each of the safety features that are shown in the pictures on the next page, write down their name. Q.12: For each of the safety features shown in the pictures on the next page, write down their function. A.12 1) 2) 3) 4) 3http://drivelink.training HINT: AFAG stands for the Arboriculture & Forestry Advisory Group. FISA stands for the Forest Industry Safety Accord. Both AFAG and FISA work with the Health & Safety Executive to produce a series of short guides designed to help ground-based operators (FISA) and aerial operators (AFAG).
  4. 4. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 4http://drivelink.training 1) 2) 3) 5) 7) 9) 4) 6) 8) 10)
  5. 5. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) ! Q.13: List two things that you should do when a chainsaw is faulty. A.13 1) 2) ! Q.14: What type of chain is this is it a 1) chisel chain 2) semi-chisel chain 3) chipper chain ! Q.15: What type of timber is this chain best suited to? A.15 Hardwood or Softwood 5http://drivelink.training HINT: Although there are differences between different manufacturers, there are three basic types, or proles, of chain Chisel chain Semi-chisel chain Chipper chain or as Stihl refer to them as Super Micro Standard
  6. 6. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.16: The chain in the image above is being led at 30o - give two reasons why it is important to le at the correct angle. A.16 1) 2) ! Q.17: In the image above, the depth gauges are being checked. Give two reasons why this is important. A.17 1) 2) ! ! 6http://drivelink.training HINT: [Question 16] When dealing with likely problems with incorrect ling angles, think about what would happen if you led the cutting edge to a ling angle of around 10o or 60o. HINT: [Question 17] With the depth gauges, what would happen to the difference in height after the chain has been sharpened several times, and the depth gauges had not been touched? Think about what the effect this might have. If the depth gauges have been lowered too far, then the difference in height between the cutting edge and the top of the depth gauge will be much larger than it should. Think about the effect that this might have.
  7. 7. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.18: In the image above, the length of the cutter is being identied. Why is it important that the length of all the cutters is the same? A.18 1) ! Q.19: The image above shows one way of checking the wear in a guide bar. List three problems that can occur with a worn bar. 7http://drivelink.training
  8. 8. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 A.19 1) 2) 3) ! Q.20: What is the function of the item shown at left? Write down the maintenance requirements for it, making reference to the colour of carbon deposits on it. A.20 1) This is a . 2) ! ! Q.21: What is the function of the air lter, and what maintenance would you do to it? A.21 ! ! ! Q.22: What is the function of the chain brake, and what maintenance would you do to the brake mechanism? A.22 ! ! ! Q.23: Explain how the engine cooling system works, and what maintenance you would do to ensure it remains effective. A.23 8http://drivelink.training
  9. 9. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.24: What is the function of the exhaust and what checks would you do to it? A.24 ! ! ! Q.25: What is the function of the clutch / drive system, and what maintenance would you do to it? A.25 ! ! ! Q.26: What is the function of the sprocket shown in the image left, and what maintenance does it require? A.26 ! ! ! Q.27: What is the function of the item shown in the picture (left), and what maintenance would you do to it? ! ! ! ! Q.28: Why would we grease / lubricate some components? A.28 ! ! ! 9http://drivelink.training
  10. 10. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.29: What is the function of the guide bar, and what maintenance is required? A.29 ! ! ! ! Q.30: What is the function of the chain, and what maintenance does it need? A.30 ! ! ! ! Q.31: What is the function of the fuel / oil lters, and what maintenance should be done to them? A.31 ! ! Q.32: Explain how to select the correct le size and ling angle for your chain. A.32 ! ! 10http://drivelink.training ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! HINT: Make sure you know how to identify your chain, especially as Stihl mark their chains in a completely different way to Oregon, Husqvarna, Makita, Carlton, Windsor, Tigar, etc.
  11. 11. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.33: List three problems that can be encountered when the guide bar is worn or poorly maintained. A.33 1) 2) 3) ! Q.34: List three problems that can occur when using a worn, or poorly maintained chain. A.34 1) 2) 3) ! Q.35: Describe two methods of waste from maintenance activities. A.35 1) 2) ! Q.36: Describe one cause of environmental damage. A.36 1) ! Q.37: Describe one way of preventing environmental damage. A.37 1) ! ! ! 11http://drivelink.training
  12. 12. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.38: Describe where you would nd compression and tension on a piece of timber (use the image above to help you). A.38 ! ! ! ! Q.39: List two methods of cutting oversize timber (i.e. where the diameter of the timber is greater than the length of the guide bar). A.39 1) 2) ! Q.40: Describe two methods of applying ergonomic working methods. A.40 1) 2) ! 12http://drivelink.training
  13. 13. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.41: How could you grade timber? A.41 1) Q.42: List one way of presenting logs / timber. A.42 1) ! 13http://drivelink.training HINT: [Question 41] When we talk about grading timber we are referring to what its end-use might be.
  14. 14. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 Q.43: Give two examples of how to move timber safely by hand. A.43 1) 2) ! Q.44: Give two example of how to move timber safely using aid tools (e.g. timber tongs as used in the photo at the top of the page). A.44 1) 2) ! Q.45: Give two examples of how to move timber safely with mechanical assistance. A.45 1) 2) ! Q.46: State one precaution to take to avoid uncontrolled timber movement. A.46 1) 14http://drivelink.training
  15. 15. DRIVELINK TRAINING 18 February 2015 DRIVELINK TRAINING Drivelink Training provides training and assessment for a variety of City & Guilds NPTC forestry and arboriculture units. Training covers the ground-based units from basic chainsaw maintenance and crosscutting, through felling to emergency tree works, dealing with windblown trees and assisted tree felling; as well as the aerial units including tree climbing and aerial rescue, aerial cutting and rigging / dismantling trees. Other units also include brushwood chippers, MEWP operations and brushcutters / trimmers. Drivelink Training is run by D. Vickers, who managed and delivered forestry and arboriculture short courses for Sparsholt College for 9 years before starting Drivelink. D. Vickers is an approved City & Guilds NPTC trainer and assessor in Land Based Skills, and is a qualied teacher holding QTLS and a BA(Hons) in Education. Drivelink Training provides training and assessment to all, irrespective of gender, sex, sexual orientation, religion and belief, race or age. 15http://drivelink.training