LUMBINI BUDDHIST Buddhist Vol 3 no 1.pdfReading of selected Texts of Pali and Sanskrit or Buddhist Monasticism and Ritualism in Tibet ... First year Paper 1 : History and Philosophy of Buddhism

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Vol. III No. 129 Nov, 2012 CE 1N E W S L E T T E RLumbini, NepalVol. III No. 1 29 November, 2012 CE 14 Marga, 2069 BS 1 Kachalaga, 1133 NS NEWSLETTERLUMBINI BUDDHIST UNIVERSITYPublished on the occasion of Eighth University Daya signifi cant role in the development of Lumbini as the centre of excellence. Dr. Ramesh K. Dhungel said that the LBU should focus on philosophical as well as applied aspects of Buddhism equally so as to prepare manpower at the present context. LBU has every potential and also opportunity to create its identity as an academic institution not inferior to other similar institutions in other countries. Chief guest Dr. Genesh Man Gurung expressed hope that the university will conduct its different academic programmes successfully, and also assured that UGC will favourably consider necessary fi nancial support to the university.Prof. Shanker Thapa, Dean of LBU was the Master of the ceremony. He offered vote of thanks to all those present on the occasion and also clarifi ed the quarries of the speakers regarding various academic activities of LBU. Members of the Constituent Assembly, Vice Chancellors of other universities, academicians, Professors, educationists and other dignitaries were invited at the programme. Seventh University Day ObservedLumbini Buddhist University (LBU) observed seventh annual day on 30 November 2011 with Dr. Ganesh Man Gurung, Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC) as the chief guest. Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar, Vice Chancellor of LBU, delivered welcome speech and highlighted on the academic activities of the university. He mainly focused on the newly framed curricula of fi ve different programmes at the Master's level in Buddhism and related areas which were to be implemented at fi ve different affi liated campuses of Kathmandu and Lalitpur. Those programmes include Buddhism and Himalayan Studies, Applied Buddhism, Buddhist Studies (Mahayana Stream), Theravada Buddhism and Buddhism and Peace Studies. Dr. Milan Shakya, Head of the Central Department of Buddhist Studies, Tribhuvan University, suggested that the LBU should run its academic programs at Lumbini at its earliest convenience. Dr. Naresh Man Bajracharya, Associate Professor of Buddhist Studies opined that there should be suffi cient experts on Buddhist Studies in the University to run the academic programs successfully. Acharya Karma Syanbu, Vice Chairman of Lumbini Development Trust (LDT) mentioned that the University can play University Day CelebrationAddress by Dr. GurungVol. III No. 1 29 Nov, 2012 CE2N E W S L E T T E RThird University Council Meeting The third annual meeting of the University Council is held on 11 October 2012 at Singha Darbar. Rt. Honble Prime Minister Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai, Chancellor of the University presided over the meeting.In his welcome address, Dr. Tri Ratna Manandhar, Vice Chancellor of LBU, highlighted the progress made by the university during the last twelve months, and expressed hope that the Master's level classes on Buddhist Studies will be conducted in Lumbini after the completion of academic building next year. Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav, Registrar of the University, presented the annual budget of about 42 million rupees for the fi scal year 2069-70. He mentioned that the university needed full fi nancial support from the government for few more years to develop its infrastructure and to appoint academic and administrative staff. The budget is unanimously adopted by the Council. While presenting the academic progress report, Dr. Shanker Thapa, Dean of the university, gave an outline of the different degrees at Master's level on Buddhist Studies, implemented through affi liated campuses from July 2012. He also mentioned LBU's academic relations with the academic institutions of China and Japan, and the university's endeavour to establish a research centre in Lumbini to make advanced research on Buddhism and its various aspects.The Council also unanimously passed the proposal of the Registrar to appoint the internal auditor to audit the university account for the fi scal year 2068-69.Members of the Council expressed their opinion and offered suggestions to improve the academic standard of the university and to develop its infrastructure. The speakers include Dr. Shiva Hari Marahatta, Dr. Naresh Man Bajracharya, Acharya Karma Syanbu, Dr. Shiva Kumar Rai, Laxmi Dass Manandhar, Dr. Gitu Giri, Chandra Kala Ghimire, Dr. Ramesh Dhungel, Purna Bahadur Lamichane, Narayan Prashad Agrawal, Pasang Temba Lama and others. Speaking from the chair, Prime Minister and Chancellor Dr. Bhattarai said that the teachings of Buddha are most relevant to the present society. He expressed the hope that the LBU will be an academic centre for the researchers all over the world. He also assured to give fi nancial support to develop the academic programs and research activities of the university. The members of the Executive Council, Academic Council, Research Committee and Campus Chiefs were also present on the occasion as guests. Appointment of the Registrar Rt. Honble Prime Minister and Chancellor of LBU Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai, on the recommendation of the Executive Council, appointed Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav, Associate Professor of History at Mahendra Bindeswari Campus, Rajbiraj, as the Registrar of LBU for four years term. Dr. Yadav has written several books on the political history of Nepal and is also the recipient of Mahendra Vidya Bhusan and Amar Singh Thapa Award. He joined LBU as the Registrar on 6 March, 2012.Construction of Academic Complex at LumbiniAn Academic building is under construction in Lumbini at the cost of 25 million NRs, made available by the University Grants Commission. The construction is expected to complete by May 2013. The building has twenty four rooms including conference and seminar halls, library, multimedia centre, administrative section and class rooms.Nepal Consult Pvt. Ltd. prepared the design and drawings of the building, and Chandra and Basanta-Babul Co. J/V, Siddhartha Nagar is entrusted with the construction works. The agreement for construction was signed between LBU and the contracting company on 27 April 2012. A brief ceremony was also held in Lumbini to lay foundation stone on May 6. Vice-Chancellor of LBU Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar laid the foundation of the building amidst a function in which the Buddhist monks, Vajracharya priests and Lamas chanted sacred Mantras and performed Puja. Registrar Pitambar lal Yadav and Dean Prof. Council Members with GuestsVol. III No. 129 Nov, 2012 CE 3N E W S L E T T E RShanker Thapa of LBU, Vice Chairman of Lumbini Development Trust, Head of the Buddhist Studies Program at Bhairahawa Campus, representatives of the monasteries in Lumbini, and other dignitaries were present at the occasion. During the interaction held after formal foundation laying ceremony, the invitees expressed their views about LBU and its academic activities, and also highlighted on the signifi cance of the university established in the holy place of Lumbini. The roofi ng of ground fl oor is completed on 20 October 2012.Participation in the International Seminars Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar represented LBU at the foundation ceremony of Sanchi University of Buddhism and Indic Studies at Sanchi (India) on 21 Sept. 2012. Inaugurated by the President of Sri Lanka, this is the State University fully funded by the Government of Madhya Pradesh. An international conference on Dharma Dhamma was also organised in Bhopal on 22-23 Sept. Prof. Manandhar spoke on Buddhism in Nepal on that occasion. He also chaired one of the sessions under the theme Specifi c Features of Buddhism and Sanatan Dharma. Scholars from India, Sri Lanka, Russia and the US presented papers. Prof. Shanker Thapa, Dean of LBU participated in the fourth international seminar - Sahaja: The Role of Doha & Caryagiti in the Cultural Indo-Tibetan Interface organized by the Centre for Buddhist Studies, V i s v a - B h a r a t i , Santiniketan (West Bengal, India) from 12 to 14 February 2012. Prof. Thapa presented the paper entitled Cac Songs and Buddhist Newrs: Ritual Singing in Vajrayna Buddhism of Nepal. Buddhist scholars from India, Austria, Germany, Canada, Australia and Bangladesh participated in the seminar. Prof. Thapa also led a team of the Vajracharyas from Hiranyavarna Mahavihara who performed various Carya dances during the seminar at Shantiniketan.Master Level Programmes LBU has started Masters level programmes in fi ve disciplines of Buddhism and related areas from the academic session of 2012. Five Colleges are affi liated to operate the programmes:- Lumbini College of Buddhism and Himalayan Studies, Buddhism and Himalayan Studies. - Lotus Academic College, Applied Buddhism- Sugat Bouddha Mahavidyalaya, Buddhist Studies (Mahayana Stream)- Theravada Buddhist Academy, Theravada Buddhism - Boudha Multiple College, Buddhism and Peace StudiesFoundation Laying CeremonySanchi StupaDr. Manandhar Receiving MementoDr. Thapa Presenting PaperCarya Dancers from LalitpurVol. III No. 1 29 Nov, 2012 CE4N E W S L E T T E RM.A. Curriculums1. Master of Arts in Buddhist Studies First YearPaper 1 : History of BuddhismPaper 2A : Comparative Religion Paper 2B : Pali or Sanskrit or TibetanPaper 3 : Buddhist Philosophy and LiteraturePaper 4A : History of Buddhism of NepalPaper 4B : Buddhist ArtPaper 5 : Research MethodologySecond Year (Mahayana Stream)Paper 6 : Buddhism in East Asia Paper 7 : Sanskrit Buddhist Literature and Reading Sanskrit Texts Paper 8 : Buddhist Ethics Paper 9 : Vajrayana - Origin and Development Paper 10 : Thesis2. Master of Arts in Applied BuddhismFirst YearPaper 1A : History of BuddhismPaper1B : History of Buddhism of Nepal Paper 2 : Buddhist Philosophy and Literature Paper 3 : Concepts/Theories of Applied Buddhism Paper 4A : Buddhist Art Paper 4B : Buddhism and Society Paper 5 : Research Methodology Second YearPaper 6A : Buddhist Economics Paper 6B : Buddhist Management Paper 7A : Buddhism and Human Rights Paper 7B : Buddhist Meditation . Paper 8A : Buddhist Approach to Environment Paper 8B : Buddhist Approach to Health and Hygiene Paper 9A : Buddhist Ethics Paper 9B : Buddhism and Gender Issues orPaper 9A : Buddhist psychology Paper9B : Buddhist Jurisprudence, Law and justice Paper 10 : Thesis 3. Master of Arts in Th eravada BuddhismFirst YearPaper 1 : History of Buddhism Paper 2 : Buddhist Philosophy Paper 3A : Theravada Buddhism of Nepal Paper 3B : Buddhism in South and South East Asia Paper 4 : Pali Language and Literature Paper 5 : Research MethodologySecond YearPaper 6 : Pali Language and Literature II Paper 7 : Buddhist Ethics and Meditation Paper 8 : Buddhist Art and Architecture Paper 9 : Social and Psychological Aspects of Buddhism Buddhism and Social Engagement Psychological Aspects of Buddhism Paper 10 : Thesis 4. Master of Arts in Buddhism and Himalayan StudiesFirst YearPaper 1 : History and Development of Buddhism in India and NepalPaper 2 : Development and Practice of Buddhism in TibetPaper 3 : Expansion of Tibetan Buddhism in the Himalayan RegionPaper 4 : Scripts and Languages - Tibetan, Pali and SanskritPaper 5 : Readings and Seminar in Discourse Hermeneutics and Research Methodology Second YearPaper 6 : Buddhist Heritage of the Himalayan region and the Kathmandu Valley Himalayan Region of India Himalayan Region of Nepal * Langtang and Rasuwa Valleys * Upper Arun and Upper Tamor Valleys * Eastern Himalaya * Kathmandu Valley and Neighboring Areas orTibetan Buddhist Pilgrimage Centre including the sBas-Yul bDun (Seven Hidden Lands) and pilgrimage and Meditation sites related to Padmasambabva and Milarepa, and Tibetan Buddhist Geography of Nepal Himalaya.Paper 7 Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism: Origin, Development and Present Practices. Paper 8 Buddhist Philosophy, Tenets, Major Literary Texts (mainly Sanskrit and Tibetan), and Preliminary Reading of selected Texts of Pali and Sanskrit orBuddhist Monasticism and Ritualism in Tibet and the Himalayan RegionVol. III No. 129 Nov, 2012 CE 5N E W S L E T T E RWorkshop in ProgressPaper 9Individualized or Directed Reading (specialized study) and Thesis WritingorReturn Journey of Buddhism from Tibet to Nepal and India, and Present State of Tibetan Buddhism outside Tibet Paper 10 Buddhist Communities of the High Himalayan Region of Nepal orSocio-Political History of the Himalayan Region orHimalayan Settlement Pattern, Environment, Geography and Ecology orA Detailed Study of the Kagyud-pa School of Tibetan Buddhism orBuddhist history and archaeological fi ndings in the Nepal Tarai and the bordering areas of India5. Master of Arts in Buddhism and Peace StudiesFirst yearPaper 1 : History and Philosophy of Buddhism Paper 2A : Buddhism and Peace Paper 2B : International Humanitarian .. Paper 3A : World Religions Paper 3B : Understanding Confl ict and Peace Paper 4A : Confl ict Analysis / Resolution Seminar presentation Paper 4B : Global Confl ict and Globalization Paper 5A : Development and Peace Studies Paper 5B : Research Methodology + Field workSecond YearPaper 6A : Buddhism and Society / Buddhism in the West Paper 6B : Engaged Buddhism/Polity/Meditation Paper 7A : Socio-eco Development Issues in Peace Paper 7B : Post-confl ict Peace Process, Reconciliation and Mediation Paper8A : Peace Conventions, Treaties and Referendum Paper 8B : Role of Peace Keeping Agencies Paper 9A : Nation, States and Agencies Paper 9B : Strategic Management/Social Violence Paper 10 : ThesisPh. D. Enrollment 2069 VSTen students are admitted for Ph.D. in the Shrawan semester 2069. Name of registered Ph. D. candidates and tentative titles of their research are as follows 1. Manik Ratna Shakya Emblem of Vajradhatu Mandala in Vihara Architecture of Nepal Mandala2. Naresh Shakya History of Buddhist Painting in Nepal 1200-1500 AD3. Nutandhar Sharma Buddhist Geography of Kathmandu Valley and Adjoining Areas4. Bed Prakash Upreti A Study of Sacred Complex of Swayambhu Stupa in Anthropological Perspective.5. Naba Raj Khatiwada Buddhist Rituals Among the Tamangs of Nepal - A Case Study of Udaypur District.6. Narendra Kumar Shrestha Human Resource Management of Buddhist Viharas (Theravada): Impact on Institutional Performance7. Rabindra Nath Bhattarai Foreign Labour Migration from Nepal: Opportunities and Challenges (A Comparative Study of Buddhist and Non Buddhist Population in Nepal)8. Radhika Budh Thapa Newar Buddhadharmavalambi Mahila Mathi hune Gharelu himsa ek Adhyayan. 9. Mukti Nath Khanal Modeling Poverty and health Services Utilization in Nepal: A Study of Buddhist Community in the Western Hill.10. Bhoj Raj Khatiwada An Overview of Nepalese Bureaucracy on the Basis of Buddhist Silas.Research Methodology WorkshopAs per the requirement for Ph. D. enrollment, a seven-day research methodology workshop was organized from 28 Aug - 3 Sept. 2012. Ph. D. students enrolled for the year 2069 participated in the workshop.Vol. III No. 1 29 Nov, 2012 CE6N E W S L E T T E RThe workshop was inaugurated by the VC, Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar. Dean Prof. Shanker Thapa highlighted on the aims and purpose of the workshop. Registrar Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav was also present on the occasion. Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar, Prof. Dr. Vijay K. Manandhar, Prof. Shanker Thapa, Dr. Bhadra Ratna Bajracharya, Dr. Naresh Man Bajracharya and Dr. Ghanashyam Bhattarai presented papers on various themes of research methodology. During the latter half of the workshop, Ph. D. candidates presented and defended research proposals before the panel of experts. The panel of experts was comprised of Prof. T. R. Manandhar, Prof. Shanker Thapa, Prof. Bhim P. Subedi, Dr. Ramesh Dhungel, Dr. Indra Kumari Bajracharya, Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav, Dr. Milan Ratna Shakya, Dr. Naresh Man Bajracharya, Dr. Govinda Subedi and Dr. Bhadra R. Bajracharya.Masters Programmes InauguratedLumbini College of Buddhism and Himalayan StudiesLumbini College of Buddhism and Himalayan Studies has started MA programme in Buddhism and Himalayan Studies affi liated to LBU. A grand opening of the programme is scheduled to be presided by HH Fourteenth Shamar Rinpoche Chokyi Lodro scheduled in January 2013. The college has fi rst started bridge course for six weeks for its newly admitted Masters students. Then after, the formal course was started. Opening of the programme was marked by an informal ceremony presided by Prof. Shanker Thapa, Dean of LBU. Mr. Lokesh Dhakal, CEO of Lumbini Academic Foundation and other academic staff were present on the occasion. At the opening programme, Prof. Thapa highlighted on the importance of Himalayan Studies run by the college. He also said that Buddhism and Himalayan Studies is a programme fi rst of its kind in Nepal which focuses on Buddhism as well as religious culture, society, and anthropology of the entire Himalayan region. Dr. Ramesh Dhungel, Chief of the college expressed sincere thanks to LBU for permitting affi liation to conduct Masters programme. He also viewed that this programme focuses on the Himalayan religion particularly within the periphery of Tibetan Buddhism., which will help us to know religion and society of Nepal and Tibet alike.Lotus Academic CollegeLotus Academic College organized an inauguration ceremony to start Masters programme in Applied Buddhism on 23 July 2012. Buddhist scholars, Professors and other dignitaries were invited on the occasion. Prof. T. R. Manandhar VC of LBU inaugurated the programme. He extended his best wishes for the successful running of the class. He assured to facilitate the programme with all possible means. Dr. Bhadra Ratna Bajracharya, Chief of the College expressed gratitude to LBU for permission to run the Masters programme in Applied Buddhism. Sri Satya Mohan Joshi, Chancellor of Nepal Bhasa Academy and an eminent cultural historian threw light on the importance of Applied Buddhism in our daily life.Sugat Bouddha MahavidyalayaNepal Buddhist Council took initiation to open Sugat Bouddha Mahavidyalaya in Lalitpur to conduct MA programme in Buddhist Studies (Mahayana Stream). It was formally inaugurated on 11 Aug. 2012 by the VC of LBU amidst a function attended by various Buddhist scholars, University authorities, educationists and the stakeholders. The guest speakers and college authorities expressed their commitment to run the programme and uplift academic standard of Buddhist Studies in Nepal. The Vice-Chancellor of LBU promised to extend full support to develop the College.Distribution of Certifi catesLecture by Dr. Hubert DecleerSatya Mohan Joshi AddressingVol. III No. 129 Nov, 2012 CE 7N E W S L E T T E RBoudha Multiple CampusBoudha Multiple Campus, Boudha, Kathmandu has started MA programme in Buddhism and Peace Studies as an affi liated campus. The opening of the program was inaugurated by the VC of LBU on 6 Sept. 2012 amidst a brief program. He emphasized on the importance and need of the programme. Since it is the integration of themes like Buddhism, Confl ict and Peace, it is one of the courses introduced for the fi rst time in Nepal. Ms. Manu Humagain, Programme Chair, Mr. Hit B. Tamang, programme Advisor and Campus Chief Mr. Mohan Khatiwada highlighted on the signifi cance and need of peace education and its relevance to Buddhism. Mr. Kahatiwada expressed gratitude for the support provided by the local community of Boudha. Prof. Shanker Thapa, Dean of LBU was also present on the occasion.Theravada Buddhist AcademyTheravada Buddhist Academy, New Baneshwor started Masters programme in Theravada Buddhism amidst a grand function at Vishwa Shanti Vihara on August 18, 2012 with Ven. Aggamahapandita Bhadanta Nyanissara Mahasthavira (Sitagu Sayadaw), of Myanmar as the chief guest. Inaugurated jointly by Ven. Nyanissara Mahasthavira, Dr. Keshab Man Shakya (Minister of Environment) and Prof. T. R. Manandhar, VC of LBU, the function was participated by Ambassadors of Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand, and Buddhist dignitaries and academicians.Dr. Suvarna Lall Bajracharya, Ven. Nigrodha and Mahendra Ratna Shakya spoke on the plans of the Academy in implementing the proposed Masters level courses. Prof. Manandhar wished for successful implementation of the programme. Ven. Jnanapunnik, the Principal of the Academy opined that all the vehicles of Buddhism be integrated as the Buddhayana since they are based on Buddhas teachings. Registrar of LBU Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav and Dean Prof. Shanker Thapa were also present on the occasion. Student Statistics (2012)University/Campus Level No. of StudentsDeans Offi ce, LBU Ph. D 51Lotus Academic College MA 30Lumbini College of Buddhism and Himalayan Studies MA 29Boudha Multiple Campus MA 9Sugat Bouddha Mahavidyalaya MA 16Theravada Buddhist Academy MA 53Academic Council ConstitutedPrime Minister and Chancellor of LBU Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai has nominated Dr. Ranjana Bajracharya and Dr. Kashi Nath Neupane as members of the Academic Council for three years. These nominations are made on the recommendation of the Executive Council as per the LBU Act. Dr. Bajracharya is the coordinator of Buddhist Studies program at Padma Kanya Campus, T.U., and Dr. Neupane is the Head of the Department of Buddhist Philosophy at Nepal Sanskrit University. Nomination in the Executive CouncilOn the recommendation of the Vice Chancellor of LBU, Prime Minister and Chancellor Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai has appointed Sri Gajendra Kumar Lama as a member of the Executive Council for three years. Mr. Lama is a Buddhist scholar and the former Vice Chairman of Lumbini Development Trust. Formation of Second University CouncilPrime Minister Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai, in his capacity as the Chancellor has nominated twenty-four new members in the University Council. As per Inauguration CeremonyInauguration of the Programme Inauguration FunctionVol. III No. 1 29 Nov, 2012 CE8N E W S L E T T E R Patron: Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar, Vice-Chancellor Editor: Prof. Shanker Thapa, DeanPublished by Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav, Registrar on behalf of Lumbini Buddhist University, Parsa Chauraha, Lumbini, Rupandehi, Nepal. Tel: (+977-71) 404077 Contact Offi ce: Satmarga, Sanepa, Lalitpur, Nepal. Tel: (+977-1) 5533850, (+977-1) 5527283, Email: Prof. Shanker Thapa, Dean, LBU Member Dr. Ramesh Dhungel, Campus Chief, Member Dr. Bhadra R. Bajracharya, Campus Chief, Member Ram Lagan Chaudhary, Saptari, Member Ms. Neeta Dev, Saptari, Member Purna Bdr. Lamichane, Gorkha, Member Ms. Meera Jyoti, Kathmandu, Member Dr. Gitu Giri, Bhairahawa, Member Chandrakala Ghimire, Lamjung, Member Prof. Bishwa Nath Kurmi, Banke, Member Ms. Benju Shrestha, Salyan, Member Dr. Khagendra P. Ojha, Doti, Member Ms. Laxmi Bhatta, Darchula, Member Ven. Dharma Murti, Akhil Nepal Bhikshu Mahasangha, Member Ven. Sujata Guruma, International Bhikshuni Sangha, Member Dr. Anoja Guruma, Dharmodaya Sabha, Member Ven. Maitri, International Buddhist Society, Member Dr. Naresh M. Bajracharya, Paramparagat Buddha Dharma Sangh, Member Pasang Temba Lama, Buddha Dharma Samanwaya Samiti, Member Bhikshuni Pema Dolma, Manang, Member Laxmi Dass Manandhar, Dharmodaya Sabha Member Narayan Prasad Agrawal, Vipasyana Kendra Member Uday Kishore Tiwari, Member Dr. Pitambar Lal Yadav, Registrar, Member SecretaryList of University Staff Liaison Offi ce, Sanepa, Lalitpur Ms. Sabina Shrestha - Accountant Ms. Kamala Sanjel - Administrative Assistant Ms. Shreejana Shrestha - Admn. Assistant Mr. Krishna Raj Dahal - Admn. Assistant Mr. Suresh Raj Acharya - Admn. Assistant Mr. Shyam Bahadur Maharjan - Driver Mr. Kameswor Yadav - Driver Ms. Maiya Maharjan - Helper Mr. Krishna B. Shrestha - Security GuardCentral Offi ce, Lumbini Mr. Indra Prasad Kafl e - Lecturer Ms. Sabita Ghimire - Admn. Assistant Mr. Vijaya Singh Chettri - Helper Mr. Imran Dhuniya - Security Guardthe university act, these nominations are made on the recommendation of the Executive Council. The nominated members include two vice chancellors from other universities, two campus chiefs from affi liated campuses, ten distinguished persons from fi ve development regions, seven representatives from different reputed Buddhist organizations, two from among the donators, and one from social service sector. The tenure of the Council members is three years.Apart from the nominated members, there are ex-offi cio members in the university council, which include university authorities (Vice Chancellor, Registrar, and Dean), representatives of Nepal government (member of National Planning Commission, Secretaries from the ministries of Education, Finance, and Culture), Chairman of UGC, Vice Chairman of LDT, Regional Administrator of western region, and others. Prime Minister is the chairman and Education Minister is the vice chairman of the University Council. The University Act has a provision to nominate fi ve members from the Legislative - Parliament. These members will be nominated after the formation of Legislative - Parliament in Nepal. Lumbini Buddhist University Council Rt. Hon. Prime Minister, Chancellor, Chairman Hon. Minister of Education, Pro-Chancellor, Vice Chairman Prof. Tri Ratna Manandhar, Vice-Chancellor, Member Prof. Shiva Kumar Rai, National planning Commission, Member Prof. Hira Bdr Maharjan, Vice-Chancellor, TU, Member. Prof. Shiva Hari Marahatta, Vice-Chancellor, NSU, Member Secretary, Ministry of Education, Member Secretary, Ministry of Finance, Member Secretary, Ministry of Culture, Member Western Regional Administrator, Member Acharya Karma Shyanbu, Lumbini Development Trust, Member Prof. Ganesh Man Gurung, University Grants Commission, Member /ColorImageDict > /JPEG2000ColorACSImageDict > /JPEG2000ColorImageDict > /AntiAliasGrayImages false /CropGrayImages true /GrayImageMinResolution 300 /GrayImageMinResolutionPolicy /OK /DownsampleGrayImages true /GrayImageDownsampleType /Bicubic /GrayImageResolution 300 /GrayImageDepth -1 /GrayImageMinDownsampleDepth 2 /GrayImageDownsampleThreshold 1.50000 /EncodeGrayImages true /GrayImageFilter /DCTEncode /AutoFilterGrayImages true /GrayImageAutoFilterStrategy /JPEG /GrayACSImageDict > /GrayImageDict > /JPEG2000GrayACSImageDict > /JPEG2000GrayImageDict > /AntiAliasMonoImages false /CropMonoImages true /MonoImageMinResolution 1200 /MonoImageMinResolutionPolicy /OK /DownsampleMonoImages true /MonoImageDownsampleType /Bicubic /MonoImageResolution 1200 /MonoImageDepth -1 /MonoImageDownsampleThreshold 1.50000 /EncodeMonoImages true /MonoImageFilter /CCITTFaxEncode /MonoImageDict > /AllowPSXObjects false /CheckCompliance [ /None ] /PDFX1aCheck false /PDFX3Check false /PDFXCompliantPDFOnly false /PDFXNoTrimBoxError true /PDFXTrimBoxToMediaBoxOffset [ 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ] /PDFXSetBleedBoxToMediaBox true /PDFXBleedBoxToTrimBoxOffset [ 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 0.00000 ] /PDFXOutputIntentProfile () /PDFXOutputConditionIdentifier () /PDFXOutputCondition () /PDFXRegistryName () /PDFXTrapped /False /Description > /Namespace [ (Adobe) (Common) (1.0) ] /OtherNamespaces [ > /FormElements false /GenerateStructure false /IncludeBookmarks false /IncludeHyperlinks false /IncludeInteractive false /IncludeLayers false /IncludeProfiles false /MultimediaHandling /UseObjectSettings /Namespace [ (Adobe) (CreativeSuite) (2.0) ] /PDFXOutputIntentProfileSelector /DocumentCMYK /PreserveEditing true /UntaggedCMYKHandling /LeaveUntagged /UntaggedRGBHandling /UseDocumentProfile /UseDocumentBleed false >> ]>> setdistillerparams> setpagedevice


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