livestock keepers’ rights
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DESCRIPTIONLivestock Keepers Rights. League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development. History of Livestock Keepers Rights. World Food Sovereignty Forum 2002 Clarified in further meetings Karen Commitment - 2003 Bellagio Brief - 2006 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Livestock Keepers RightsLeague for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development
History of Livestock Keepers Rights
World Food Sovereignty Forum 2002Clarified in further meetingsKaren Commitment - 2003Bellagio Brief - 2006 Regional Pastoralists Gathering in Yabello, Ethiopia - 2006LIFE-Network Meeting in Sadri, India - 2007
LIFE-NetworkNational-Level LIFE-Network Workshop24-26 February, 2007&International Workshop Livestock Keepers and the Management of Animal Genetic Resources: Roles, Rights, and Responsibilities 26-28 February, 2007Workshop Documentation
# 1: Recognition of livestock keepers as creators of breeds and custodians of Animal Genetic Resources LKR Cornerstones
# 2: Recognition of the dependency of the sustainable use of traditional breeds on the conservation of their respective eco-systems.LKR Cornerstones
LKR Cornerstones#3: Recognition of traditional breeds as collective property, products of indigenous knowledge and cultural expression.
LKR Cornerstones #4: The right of the livestock keepers to make breeding decisions
LKR Cornerstones#5: Right of livestock keepers to participate in policy making on Animal Genetic Resources issues
LKR Cornerstones#6: Support for training and capacity-building of livestock keepers and provision of services along the food chain.
LKR= Bundle of Rights# 1: Recognition of livestock keepers as creators of breeds and custodians of AnGRFA# 2: Recognition of the dependency of the sustainable use of traditional breeds on the conservation of their respective eco-systems#3: Recognition of traditional breeds as collective property, products of indigenous knowledge and cultural expression.#4:The right of the livestock keepers to make breeding decisions#5: Right of livestock keepers to participate in policy making processes on AnGRFA issues #6: Support for training and capacity-building of livestock keepers and provision of services along the food chain.
FAO International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Interlaken, Switzerland1-7 September 2007
FAO International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Interlaken, 1-7 September 2007ObjectivesConservationsustainable usefair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use
FAO International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Interlaken, 1-7 September 2007OutputsAdoption of State of the World ReportGlobal Plan of ActionInterlaken Declaration
Global Plan of ActionMain issues (1)Livestock Keepers Rights not mentionedIntellectual Property Rights make no distinction between patents and others, e.g. geographic indication
Global Plan of ActionMain issues (2)Incentives for conservation are contentious because trade-distortingIncentives for industrial production are not addressed although trade-distorting
Global Plan of ActionMain issues (3)
Financing is contentious
Global Plan of ActionPastoralists mentioned 14 times! Aim 4:to meet the needs of pastoralists and farmers, individually and collectively, within the framework of national law, to have non-discriminatory access to the genetic material, information, technologies, financial resources, research results, marketing systems, and natural resources, so that they may continue to manage and improve animal genetic resources, and benefit from economic development;
Global Plan of ActionRecommended actions on training and technical support for the breeding activities of pastoralist and farming communities;Integrate agro-ecosystem approaches in national agricultural and environmental policies and programmes of relevance to animal genetic resources, where appropriate, particularly those directed towards pastoralist and rural small-holder communities, and fragile environments.
Interlaken declaration, para 12 We recognize that access to, and the sharing of both, genetic resources and technologies, are essential for meeting world food security and the needs of the growing world population, and must be facilitated. Access to and transfer of technology, including that protected by intellectual property rights, to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, and countries with economies in transition, shall be provided and/or facilitated under fair and most favourable terms, in particular in the case of technologies for use in conservation as well as technologies for the benefit of farmers, pastoralists and animal breeders in developing countries, especially in least developed countries, and countries with economies in transition, including on concessional and preferential terms where mutually agreed, inter alia, through partnerships in research and development. Such access and transfer shall be provided on terms that recognize and are consistent with the adequate and effective protection of intellectual property rights.
Patents on animals?www.no-patents-on-seeds.org
Industrial production systemsGlobally,one third of pigs 50% of eggstwo thirds of milk75% of broilers are produced with industrial breeds
Who are livestock keeping communities?
70% of the worlds poor keep livestock
640 million smallholder livestock keepers
190 million pastoralists(FAO)
Economic importance of African indigenous breeds
In Southern Africa, the livestock sector contributes 38% of GDP not even including subsistence economy, drought power and manureSheep, goat, pig and poultry almost 100 % indigenous Cattle: 50-99% indigenous breedsExamples: Nguni cattle, Lesotho pony, Tswana sheep, Boer goat
Smallholder pig farmersSome use industrial breeds Some give upNiche marketsGlobalization is much faster than the European or US concentration process Bangkok Post , 9 May 2007
Concentration in genetics industrynote: Erich Wesjohann Group, not Paul-Heinz Wesjohann Group (PHW)Layer hens:
Concentration in genetics industryPIC: Worlds largest pig breeder +ABS: Worlds largest cattle breeder+Sygen: Worlds largest shrimp breeder=Genus plc
Monsantos livestock businessCattle: sorted semen Decisive performance evaluation in 170 US dairiesPig: Closed herd systemAccess to pig genome through MetamorphixPatent applications in 160 countries
Concentration in genetics industry
Livestock Genetics CompaniesConcentration and proprietary strategiesof an emerging power in the global food economySusanne Gura
Liga fr Hirtenvlker und Nachhaltige Viehwirtschaft e.V.League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development
EU 7th Research Framework Programme
Knowledge Based Bio-Economy
55 billion over 7 years
7 themes, incl. Livestock biotechnology
Farm Animal Breeding and Reproduction European Technology Platform
190 million pastoralistsIn Africa, they live in the Sahara, the Sahel andthe Horn of Africa. In Asia they are found in the MiddleEast and a broad swathe from Pakistan and western Indiato Tibet and Mongolia. In South America, the highlandsof Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile and Argentina supportmany herders.
Sanga cattle domesticated 10.000 years ago in NE Africa (ILRI)
Publication reports on three workshops focusing on the SADC region
Technology available for pigs as well
The Farm Animal Breeding and Reproduction European Technology Platform, FABRE TP, bringstogether a wide range of interested parties to produce a vision of how livestock breeding mightdevelop in the next 20 years, and constitutes the first step in achieving that vision.