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  • Literary Essays:Thesis DevelopmentENG3U

  • NoteThere are many types of essays (e.g. personal, expository, comparison, persuasive, literary, )

    Each type of essay has a different thesis structure. The structure we will learn today is for a literary essay

  • Theme PracticeWhich of the following are not themes of the movie Titanic?LoveJack and RoseThe boatPrideClassismLeonardo DiCaprio

  • Theme Practice

  • Theme PracticeWhich of the following are not themes of the movie Transformers?Robots in disguiseThe role of technology in warOptimus PrimeCool carsGovernment conspiracy

  • Theme Practice

  • The purpose of a literary essay is to analyze the authors choices and what we can learn from themIt takes a lot of thought and planning to write a literary essay!The following examples are from William Goldings novel Lord of the Flies (last years ENG3U novel)

  • StepsIdentify themesIdentify points of interestMake connectionsAsk yourself guiding questionsDetermine the purpose of the connectionsCreate your thesis

  • Step 1: Brainstorm 8 themesIndividualism vs. communityOrder vs. chaosFriendshipResponsibilityLoss of innocenceThe nature of evilDystopiaDehumanization

  • Step 1: Find Thematic ConnectionsIndividualism vs. communityOrder vs. chaosFriendshipResponsibilityLoss of innocence

    The nature of evilDystopiaDehumanization

  • Step 2: Brainstorm 5-8 unique, interesting features of your novelThings that can make good points of interest:Symbolic itemsUnique uses of settingSomething unique in society (e.g. fashion, government style, divisions between groups of people)

    Things that are not unique points of interest:CharactersTheir experiences too genericThe plotFeelings

  • Step 2: Brainstorm 5-8 unique, interesting features of your novelThe pigs headThe different dances around the fireSacrifices: pig & humanThe dead parachutistItems of power: the conch and Piggys glassesJacks war paintCastle RockThe monster & the living jungle

  • Step 3: Find ConnectionsMake connections between your themes and points of interest

  • Step 3: Find ConnectionsChoose your strongest theme: Which points of interest does it connect to?

    Order vs. Chaos could connect to:The pigs headThe different dances around the fireSacrifices: pig & humanThe dead parachutistItems of power: the conch and Piggys glassesJacks war paintCastle RockThe monster & the living jungle

  • Step 4: Ask Yourself QuestionsWrite 3-4 questions that you would need to askyourself to fully understand the connections youvemade.

    What causes characters to abandon order?Could any characters have stopped the boys descent into chaos?Why dont the boys recognize that their dances have dangerous effects?

  • Choose your best questionWhich question will best allow you to analyze the connection between your theme and point of interest?

    Why dont the boys recognize that their dances have dangerous effects?

  • Answer your questionWhy dont the boys recognize that their dances have dangerous effects?Begins as an innocent game; blurs the line between whats real and what isntMotivated by fear; thinking only about survival instead of reasonDesperate for inclusion in the hunters popular cliqueTherefore: if they think only about whats best for themselves, they can fail to see the evil in their actions

  • Step 5: Create your thesisBasic Structure(Author) uses (point of interest) to show the theme of (theme).

    Better Structure (Analysis!)(Author) uses (point of interest) to show (theme + so what?).

  • Step 5: Write your thesis (basic)Theme: order vs. chaosPoint of interest: dances

    ThesisIn his novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses the boys increasingly realistic dances to show the theme of order vs. chaos.

  • Step 5: Write your thesis (basic)Theme: order vs. chaosPoint of interest: dancesConnection: self-interest leads to dangerous results

    ThesisIn his dystopian novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses the boys increasingly realistic dances to illustrate the dangerous way that self-interest can lead to chaos within society.

  • ExampleWilliam Golding uses the beast to show the theme of fear ofthe unknown. (good)

    In his dystopian novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses the boys increasingly realistic dances to illustrate the dangerous way that self-interest can lead to chaos within society. (better)

    William Golding uses the conflicts about basic survivalneeds at camp to teach that working as a community ispreferable to individualism. (better)

  • Try it together!Groups of 3Story: The Shivering Tree

  • Step 1: ThemesList 4 themes from The Shivering TreeFind connections between the themes

  • Step 2: Points of InterestIdentify 5 unique features of The Shivering Tree

  • ExamplesThemesThe danger of vanityFriendshipSacrificeRevenge

    Points of InterestShape shiftingJugglingMagicOrigin story structureTimeless, human-less settingAnimal characters

  • Step 3: Make ConnectionsChoose your best themeFind connections between your theme and your points of interest

  • Step 4: Ask Yourself QuestionsCreate analysis questions to help you find the importance of the connection between your theme and points of interestChoose your best question and answer it

  • Step 5: Write Your ThesisBasic Structure(Author) uses (point of interest) to show the theme of (theme).

    Better Structure (Analysis)(Author) uses (point of interest) to show (theme + so what?).

  • Example: GoodIn The Shivering Tree, John McLeod uses the origin of natural phenomena to show the theme of vanity.

  • Example: BetterIn The Shivering Tree, John McLeod uses the origin of natural phenomena to show the theme of vanity.

    So what? Our actions have consequences; bad things happen to the characters who are too vain

    In The Shivering Tree, John McLeod uses the origin of natural phenomena as a metaphor for the negative consequences of vanity.

  • The Hunger GamesMake a list of 5-8 themesList 5-8 points of interest: STOP! Get checked!Make connections between themes & points of interestWrite 2-3 questions that can help you explain the connection between themes & points of interestAnswer your best questionWrite your thesis(Author) uses (P.O.I) to show (theme + so what)

  • Next StepsAssignment (details tomorrow)Plan essay for The Hunger GamesThesis planning (done!)3 sources for possible works cited (details tomorrow)Introduction paragraph (details tomorrow)Due Wednesday, November 27

  • HomeworkFinish thesis planningQuestions Answer questions Write thesisBring your computer to do researchBring The Hunger Games tomorrow

  • Introduction3-4 sentencesBrief plot summary (+ name and author of book)Thesis statement (from your thesis planning sheet)Blueprint (the three topics you would discuss in your body paragraphs if you were writing the whole essay)

  • Works CitedFind 3 sources (book, encyclopedia article, website) that have some connection to the ideas in your thesis statementYou DO NOT have to actually read them; just find something that seems relevantWorks cited page will include those 3 sources + an entry for The Hunger GamesClass website has a link to MLA formatting website (Purdue OWL) to review your structure

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