Lessons learnt from DIY innovation: The story of Public Lab

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation</p> <p>Lessons learnt for DIY innovation:The story of Public LabCindy RegaladoUniversity College London, UKCitizens without Borders, UK | @CwB_LondonPublic Lab, Global | @PublicLab</p> <p>cameraKite</p> <p>1</p> <p>kitemeIm a kite-mapper!Summer crops, Switzerland</p> <p>publiclab.org</p> <p>4</p> <p>5</p> <p>Hyperion Lyceum, Amsterdam Sept 2013part of Waags Eclectis programme</p> <p>6</p> <p>Kite-mapping with youth from Hyperion Lyceum school, Amsterdam</p> <p>Youngsters teach others DIY aerial mapping techniques</p> <p>Youth create their own DIY Near Infrared cameras &amp; teach the public of Amsterdam about NIR &amp; plant health.</p> <p>They develop innovative ways of sharing their knowledge &amp; experience</p> <p>Youngsters analyse their Near Infrared pictures taken with cameras hacked by them</p> <p>Youth open up digital cameras to exchange the filter for a blue filter: a hands-on learning experience on making tools for open science</p> <p>DIY approachAnd those who are not involved?Creating communicative spacesLessons learnt from the Public Lab experience</p> <p>12</p> <p>Why DIY &amp;from DIY to DIT</p> <p>13</p> <p>not fit for purpose</p> <p>Range from politicised responses to satisfaction of having a job well done;essence of DIY is one of self-: self-reliance, self-learning, self satisfaction;taking ownership, figuring things out by ourselves;yes, of course, it is frustrating at timesthe essence of DIY</p> <p>15</p> <p>the range of DIY</p> <p>Conversion of digital camera into Near InfraredDIY Arduino-based humidity &amp; temperature sensorPlayful exploration of the environment</p> <p>Civic science: from DIY to DIT isCommunity oriented &amp; developedCommunity ownedTools can be adapted &amp; spread in an open source fashion</p> <p>cameraKite</p> <p>17</p> <p>DIY spectrometry</p> <p>Doing-It-Together meansLocals regarded as experts of their own environmentsStems from public exploration &amp; investigation of environments</p> <p>grassroots bottom-up efforts provide granularity and nuance that renders them inclusive of local issues, knowledges, politics, and sustainable solutionsGowanus Canal civic science</p> <p>19</p> <p>aerial mapping</p> <p>balloon mapping</p> <p>cameraHelium-filled weather balloon</p> <p>simple noise monitor</p> <p>kite mappingkite-making workshopcameraKite</p> <p>22</p> <p>mapknitter.org</p> <p>25</p> <p>Google Earth Outreach earth.google.com/outreach</p> <p>29</p> <p>People like you and me seeing things more clearly</p> <p>COMPOSTING FESTIVAL IN GOWANUS, BROOKLYN21 October 2012</p> <p>JUAKALI WOMENS CRAFT MARKET, UGANDA5 October 2012</p> <p>examplesstories of the Gowanus Canal, NY</p> <p>31</p> <p>Helping to set up a cleanup process but where ?Gowanus Canal Sewage: gets a million gallons a day </p> <p>Gowanus Dredgers - their problem along the Gowanus Canal is raw sewage pouring into the Canal during heavy rains about a million gallons per day of the stuff.32</p> <p>Gowanus Low Altitude Mapping Program </p> <p>So what have decided to do ? Well the sewage overflows are directly related to too much rain getting into our sewer system so weve launched the Gowanus Low Altitude Mapping Program were we tie helium balloons and send them up a 1000 feet to take pictures of the Canals water quality and opportunities for improving it. 33</p> <p>15 DECEMBER 2012 BALLOON AERIAL </p> <p>GOWANUS CANAL MAPPING OF SEWAGE PLUMES FROM HURRICANE SANDY DAMAGE</p> <p>In particular, we are interested in spots were rainwater could be diverted out of the overloaded sewer system and into old historic stream beds that got buried a hundred years ago. The idea is that by figuring out a more natural and sustainable manner to manage our rain water we can be better prepared for the big disasters. This for example is balloon photo taken by our canoe team right after the Sandy Hurricane which caused our local sewage pump station explode, pouring massive amounts of sewage into New York waters. But what can better quality Citizen aerials actually tell us ?34</p> <p>15 DECEMBER 2012 BALLOON AERIAL </p> <p>GOWANUS CANAL MAPPING OF FRESH WATER INFLOWS FROM HISTORIC SPRINGS INTO SEWAGE CONTAMINATED WATERSUnmapped spring discovered</p> <p>Here is an example In this post Sandy photograph we notice that most of the Canal water is a milky sewage contaminated white but look there is a darker spot to the right of the photograph whats that about ? A historic spring is pouring fresh water into the Canal helping clean it. How can we find out more ?35</p> <p>First Street BasinAs seen from canoe</p> <p>filled with drums of mercury contaminated waste, junked cars and a a truckload of electronic circuit boards, which you can see right next to the cat. This is the view of the landfill taken from a canoe on the water..36</p> <p>CAN WE MAP ALL THE OLD GHOST STREAMS AND CREEKS ?</p> <p>THESE CAN HELP DIVERT RAINWATER OUT OF SEWERS AND REDUCE SEWER OVERFLOW POLLUTION</p> <p>Looking for Solutions to the Problem</p> <p>This particular spot where we see the natural spring water coming in is next to the First Street basin site a side branch of the Canal which is now an illegal toxic waste landfill..37</p> <p>1766 Freekes Mill BuildingPotential Spring</p> <p>This is a publicRight of Way:Could this stream be restored for the new park ?Why are plants in concrete cracks growing so well ? Is the spring still running ?July 2011 Balloon PhotoCIVIC DATA THAT ASKS QUESTIONS</p> <p>And this is a view taken from a balloon in the air you will note an unusual streak of green weeds running across the cement paving grid..38</p> <p>Grassroots Mapping finding things that matter to YOU</p> <p>Which when we zoom in reveals a strange pattern of weeds growing through the concrete grid which looks an awful lot like a buried stream bed.. And you may say yeah, yeah those are just weeds 39</p> <p> 1766</p> <p>CAN OLD MAPS HELP US UNDERSTAND OUR GRASSROOTS AERIAL PHOTOS ?</p> <p>FIRST STREET BASIN</p> <p>But when we look at historical maps of the area, before it was filled with toxic waste, we notice in blue that we thought was quote unquote land was actually a massive pond with streams zig zagging all over the place. If you were in a time machine in this Hall of Science and we went back a century you would all be swimming right now as Flushing Meadows was built om tidal marshes very similar to the one in this map.40</p> <p>EXISTING SPRING</p> <p>1766 stream</p> <p>FIRSTSTREETBASINGOWANUS CANAL(SALTY WATER)COLONIAL MILL NEEDING FRESH WATER</p> <p>Original Tidal DamOLD 1766 MAP OVERLAID ON DO IT YOURSELF 2011 BALLOON AERIAL SHOWS US WHAT IS GOING ON</p> <p>Which when we overlay the water layer from the 1766 map, we see a small stream next to an old mill building early settlers would build their houses next to fresh water springs as Gowanus water was too salty to drink. Sp now we have found the source of the flowing water.41</p> <p>Surviving stream is now argument for 5th Street Basin Greenway &amp; Park Restoration</p> <p>Which when we go check, we find another still flowing stream. And you will notice the american flag in the garbage42</p> <p>Grassroots Community Data Collection helped focus attention on this site</p> <p>another story uncovered in the Gownus Canal, NY</p> <p>The Revolution in our Back YardBattle of Brooklyn: 27 August 1776Alonzo Chappel, 1858</p> <p>We became aware that there had been a Revolution in our Backyard the building you saw in the previous slide was Dentons Mill, the site of the Battle of Brooklyn in the War for American Independence45</p> <p>Delaware Regiment fighting in Battle of Brooklyn, painting by Domenick DAndrea, Corbis Archives1776 Soldiers died and were buried here</p> <p>The first American soldiers ever to die for independence died right here in Gowanus, and there bones are now scattered around the Superfund site but where exactly are they buried46</p> <p>Where are the Buried Bodies ?</p> <p>By using our high resolution aerial photographs and old maps we can now start exploring the question that any self respecting Brooklyn resident wantsthe answer for where did they hide the bodies ?47</p> <p>Helping people tell their story</p> <p>Bob Furman,local historian</p> <p>But the question of where are the bodies ? has been now asked, and our happy red balloon attracted the attention of a New York Times reporter, which allowed the local historian to tell his story about the importance of the site. And that is precisely what Grassroots Mapping is about providing the easy to use tools for local citizens to tell their stories 48</p> <p>The OVER MY DEAD BODY BALLOON MAPPING EXPEDITION comparing notes with local Brooklyn authorities on how much space would be needed to bury 256 bodiesPic by Dan Phiffer, 7 July 2012</p> <p>We Consulted with the local experts on their professional opinion49</p> <p>How much space would bodies take ?</p> <p>Where could bones have survived ?</p> <p>We focused on a site called Marylander Hill that historians pointed to and we immediately plunged into the classic Brooklyn question of How Much Space would 256 dead bodies take ?This was a rough estimate of how many soldiers had been buried.. 50</p> <p>PORTIONS OF THE NORTHERN MARYLANDER SITE WERE EXCAVATED IN 2009, AND THIS AREA STUDIED BY ARCHEOLOGICAL TEAMS BUT NOTHING FOUND WOULD WE HAVE MORE LUCK WITH SOUTHERN PORTION ?1957 Columbia University Archeological Study Area( nothing found )8TH STREETTHIRD AVE9TH STREETFOURTH AVEMicrosoft Bing Aerials, circa 2010</p> <p>1998 Bona Fide Oil Archeological Study Area</p> <p>2012 Over My Dead Body Balloon Mapping Site NEVER EXCAVATED</p> <p>1947 Robert Moses Historical Park Proposal Area</p> <p>1890s Discovery of 30 bodies by Contractor Ryan - location unclear</p> <p>We focused on this burnt out factory site as the most likely site for the historic cemetery as it had never been excavated51</p> <p>The 7 July 2012 Balloon Photographs show an interesting pattern of cracks running on a north south axis. Military burials typically had bodies facing the rising sun. Cracks match proportions of burial trenches described by 1956 Archeological Survey. </p> <p>And got the se great pictures of a concrete slab which you might say are boooring, until we zoom into them52</p> <p>2010 NYC LIDAR 3D Topographic Model of Slab half inch bumps on slab</p> <p>And we notice that the Citys high tech topographic data shows a weird pattern of bumps across the site 53</p> <p>stories from Jerusalem, Israel</p> <p>54</p> <p>Ala Salman who created an aerial map of a contested road that splits his neighborhood in two and damages its environmental and communal infrastructures, presents his DIY aerial image to MP's in the Israeli "Kneset. This map facilitated dialogue.55</p> <p>collecting information and interpreting information, is what we do with these maps and these allow communities to tell their stories to put things into perspective56</p> <p>The people I was working with had a story to tell on top of that aerial photograph they created. They re-appropriated 'the master's tool', the same tool that is being used in order to erase their presence and identity off the map, or to rationalize plans for destruction and regeneration in the city that ignores their local perspectives. 57</p> <p>They have created aerial photography inSilwan, Beit Safafa or in Ein Karem, but they had to stand, physically, right beside it to give it their voice and knowledge. The questions that arise once they leave the aerial by itself into the offline and online streams of information, is who will it reach, what story will it tell --where do our maps go?. Aerial mapping is not about an objective reality to be visualized and decoded, but about mapping and thus seeing the subjective story that is embedded in the geography.58</p> <p>aerial photographs do not speak for themselves. And in particular those made by communities. Aerial images are ground for interpretation an opportunity for dialogue, not an objective reality to be visualized and decoded. Community mapping tells the subjective story embedded in the landscape. - Hagit Keysar, 2013</p> <p>and what we learn from these examples is that . it is not just about the final product or the objective data59</p> <p>other stories</p> <p>60</p> <p>not only cameras up there also phones!61</p> <p>mapping of protests how many people were actually there62</p> <p>Logging in Czech RepublicRefinery in Spain, 2014</p> <p>Farming in Kenya, 2012</p> <p>and those whoare not involved?</p> <p>this is all very exciting but then those who are not involved?65</p> <p>the myth of apathyLack of public engagementlow scientific literacy, technical skill, mistrust low transparencyapathy</p> <p>66</p> <p>the myth of apathyan acknowledgement ofour anxieties (what is going on?),our ambivalence (competing desires and drives), andour aspirations (I want to do something about it) meet people where they are at, not where we want them to be Renee Lertzman (2012) So let's acknowledge plurality and let's really listen</p> <p>if we look a little bit closer and turn the table around, we notice that actually, the discourse of behaviour change we hear people dont care and we have to get people to do what we want this mindset assumes that we are the ones whove got the solution &amp; ppl need to change. Renee Lertzman invites us to reconsider the human dimension in this67</p> <p>the myth of apathyA shift in focus from apathy &amp; lack of scientific literacy as a problem to a recognition of a range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives - Cunningham-Burley (2006)</p> <p>if we look a little bit closer and turn the table around, we notice that actually, the discourse of behaviour change we hear people dont care and we have to get people to do what we want this mindset assumes that we are the ones whove got the solution &amp; ppl need to change. Renee Lertzman invites us to reconsider the human dimension in thisa shift in focus from a lack of scientific literacy as a problem to a recognition of a range of different knowledges that people have and use as they confront science and technology in their everyday lives Cunningham-Burley (2006)68</p> <p>Communicative spaces that nurture innovation</p> <p>How did I come to be invited? Let me briefly tell you the story of how I met the Waag69</p> <p>Communicative space physical, virtual, intellectual, &amp; cultural spaces where agency is acknowledged &amp; supported</p> <p>Finally, what youve been waiting for space or instance where peoples capacity to do Comes from field of AR70</p> <p>Do-It-Yourself scienceownership over problem definition, data &amp; knowledge building on collective expertise to use &amp; develop tools/techniques</p> <p>(but by whom &amp; for whom?)</p> <p>Critical makingprovides both the possibility to intervene substantively in systems of authority &amp; power and offers an important space for reflecting on how such power is constituted by infrastructure, institutions, communities, &amp; practices</p> <p>Testing the Public Lab table-top spectrometer for flare spectrometry</p> <p>hackingn.the ability to stretch&amp; re-appropriatethe functionality,capabilities,&amp; meaningof a given system,conception, or structurebeyond thoseprescribedby its creators - Muki Haklay, 2013</p> <p>Conversion of digital cameras into Near Infrared toolsCourtesy of Wellcome Trust and Erinma Ochu</p> <p>Why is having communicative spaces important?Acquiring expertise is a social p...</p>