lessons learned from past notable disasters. taiwan part i: earthquakes
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DESCRIPTIONLESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS. TAIWAN PART I: EARTHQUAKES . Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA . NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE TAIWAN’S COMMUNITIES AT RISK . EARTHQUAKES. GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE. TYPHOONS . FLOODS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS. TAIWAN PART I: EARTHQUAKES
Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA
NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE TAIWANS COMMUNITIES AT RISK
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGEENACT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES HAVING HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCEGOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE
EARTHQUAKESEARTHQUAKES OCCUR FREQUENTLY IN TAIWAN AS A RESULT OF COMPLEX INTERACTIONS OF THE PHILIPPINE AND EURASIAN PLATES
JI JI, TAIWAN EARTHQUAKE
M 7.3Shallow depth (about 2 km)1:47 amSEPTEMBER 21, 1999
This earthquake was a subduction zone earthquake caused by interaction of the Philippine plate with the Eurasian plate.
THE CAUSATIVE FAULT
The quake was generated by slip on the Chelongpu fault.
The regional compression caused thrust faulting. Over 60 km of surface faulting with lateral and vertical displacements reaching 9 m and 5 m, respectively, occurred in the center of the Island.
TAIWANSCOMMUNITIESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONHAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS
INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKINGEARTHQUAKESSOIL AMPLIFICATIONPERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE)IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP
POOR DETAILING AND WEAK CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS FRAGILITY OF NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTSCAUSES OF DAMAGEDISASTER LABORATORIES
TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESPREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE GROUND SHAKING IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
PHYSICAL EFFECTS: GROUND SHAKINGStrong motion records showed that ground shaking was characterized by long-period energy related to the magnitude and local site conditions. It was several times greater than the level prescribed in the building code.
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESPROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
BUILDING IMPACTS 44,338 buildings collapsed, and an additional 41,336 houses and buildings were severely damaged. Twenty 10- to 20-story residential buildings either collapsed or experienced significant damage, suggesting frequency-dependent site amplification.
Strong ground shaking from the main shock and its large aftershocks caused the collapse of mid-rise buildings in Taipei, the capitol, which is located about 140 km north of the epicenter in a deep alluvial basin.
Strong ground shaking, ground failure, and surface fault rupture caused power outages and severe damage to lifelines.Some kinds of lifeline damage had NEVER been observed in previous earthquakes.
The loss of power had wide ranging effects, including disruption of Taiwans semi-conductor fabrication facilities.
A 30-km-long surface fault rupture caused major destruction to schools, residences, dams, embankments and bridges located in or near the rupture zone.
Most of the bridges that suffered significant damage were located in the area bounded by two thrust faults that ruptured the surface.
Liquefaction caused damage in a residential neighborhood of Yuanlin located in Changhua County. Extensive liquefaction-induced damage was also observed in parts of Taichung Harbor.
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NATURAL HAZARDSCAPACITY FOR INTELLIGENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NATURAL HAZARDSCAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
IMPACTS The death toll reached 2,416. 11,446 were injured. Economic losses reached $9.2 billion. Short-term global stock market prices were influenced by impacts on the semi-conductor industry.
BASED ON REPORTS BY USGS, EERI, ASCE/TCLEE, MCEER, TAIWAN AGENCIES, AND OTHERS
More lectures at Disasters Supercourse -http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/collections/collection52.htm*******************************