lessons learned from past notable disasters russia part 1: floods walter hays, global alliance for...
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERSRUSSIAPART 1: FLOODS Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA
NATURAL HAZARDS THAT HAVE CAUSED DISASTERS IN RUSSIAFLOODSWINDSTORMSEARTHQUAKES WILDFIRESENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGEHIGH BENEFIT/COST PROGRAMS FOR BECOMING DISASTER RESILIENTGOAL: PROTECT PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES
Natural Phenomena that Cause Disasters
Planet Earths atmospheric-hydrospheric-lithospheric interactions cause: FLOODS
Russia, the largest country in the world, and the only one surrounded by twelve seas and spread out on two continents, has many communities that are at risk from riverine flooding, flash floods, and floods from windstorms.
RUSSIAS RIVERS: AMONG THE IMPORTANT RIVERS OF THE WORLD
RUSSIA HAS MANY RIVERS THAT HAVE EXPERIENCED FLOODINGRussias rivers in Europe include: the Volga, the Don, the Kama, the Oka, and the Northern Dvina.In Asia, Russias rivers include: the Ob, the Irtysh, the Yenisev, the Angara, the Lena, the Amur, the Yana, the Indiqirka, and the Kolyma.
ELEMENTS OF RISK AND DISASTER
ELEMENTS OF FLOOD RISK RISK
FLOOD HAZARDS (AKA POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS)TOO MUCH WATER DISCHARGED WITHIN THE DRAINAGE SYSTEM TO BE ACCOMMODATED NORMALLY IN THE REGIONAL WATER CYCLEEROSIONSCOURMUDFLOWS
THE VOLGA, MOTHER VOLGA, IS EUROPES LONGEST RIVER
FLOOD ON THE VOLGA: APRIL 2012
THE FLOOD HAZARDS
ARE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS
A DISASTER CAN HAPPENWHEN THE POTENTIAL DISASTER AGENTS OF A FLOOD INTERACT WITH RUSSIAS COMMUNITIES
LOSS OF FUNCTION OF STRUCTURES IN FLOODPLAINFLOODSINUNDATION INTERACTION WITH HAZARDOUS MATERIALS STRUCTURAL/CONTENTS DAMAGE FROM WATER WATER BORNE DISEASES (HEALTH PROBLEMS)
EROSION AND MUDFLOWSCONTAMINATION OF GROUND WATER CAUSES OF RISKCASE HISTORIES
A DISASTER is --- --- the set of failures that overwhelm the capability of a community to respond without external helpwhen three continuums: 1) people, 2) community (i.e., a set of habitats, livelihoods, and social constructs), and 3) complex events (e.g., floods, earthquakes,..) intersect at a point in spaceand time.
Disasters are caused by single- or multiple-event natural hazards that, (for various reasons), cause extreme levels of mortality, morbidity, homelessness, joblessness, economic losses, or environmental impacts.
THE REASONS ARE . . .When it does happen, the functions of the communitys buildings and infrastructure will be LOST because they are UNPROTECTED with the appropriate codes and standards.
THE REASONS ARE . . .The community is UN-PREPARED for what will likely happen, not to mention the low-probability of occurrencehigh-probability of adverse consequences event.
THE REASONS ARE . . .The community has NO DISASTER PLANNING SCENARIO or WARNING SYSTEM in place as a strategic framework for early threat identification and coordinated local, national, regional, and international countermeasures.
THE REASONS ARE . . .The community LACKS THE CAPACITY TO RESPOND in a timely manner to the full spectrum of expected and unexpected emergency situations.
THE REASONS ARE . . .The community is INEFFICIENT during recovery and reconstruction because it HAS NOT LEARNED from either the current experience or the cumulative prior experiences.
FLOODS IN RUSSIAMARCH 2010SPRING RUNOFF AFTER A HARSH WINTER INCREASES FLOOD RISKS ACROSS RUSSIA
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin warned that thousands of Russian towns and villages could be affected by "unusually strong" spring floods as record snowfall melted after the harshest winter in years.
Military planes and helicopters were called in to help cope with floods in the basins of the Ob, Angara, Yenisei, Lena and Amur Rivers by carrying out surveillance missions and breaking up ice jams.
2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTER
JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTERThe 2012 Russian floods occurred in Krasnodar Krai (southwest Russia near the coast of the Black sea as the result of the equivalent of five months of rain (275 mm (10 inches) falling overnight.
JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTER144 people died during the floods. The floods damaged the homes of nearly 13,000 people.
JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD DISASTERApproximately 30,000 people were adversely impacted by the floods.
JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD
JULY 2012 FLASH FLOOD
RECORD FLOODING ALONG AMUR RIVER NEAR KHABAROVSK, RUSSIAAugust 23, 2013
RECORD FLOODING IN EASTERN RUSSIA
The water in the Amur River near Khabarovsk reached 720 cm (24 ft), exceeding the historic level of 642 cm set during the flood of 1897 over a century ago.
RUSSIAS AMUR RIVER
PREPARING FOR A RECORD CREST OF THE AMUR RIVER
BUT . . . , THE RAIN AND RUNOFF AFTER A DIMINISHED SUPER TYPHOON UTOR MADE LANDFALL IN CHINA EXACERBATED FLOODING IN EASTERN RUSSIA
TYPHOON UTOR: AUGUST 14
IMPACTS IN RUSSIAThe flooding devastated the homes of more than 31 thousand people, and adversely affected more than 21 million people in various ways. More than 15 thousand people were evacuated. Economic losses exceeded 3 billion rubles.
HEALTH CARE CONCERNSAs flooding conditions worsened, unfavorable sanitary and epidemiological conditions developed throughout the area, exacerbating the risk of water-borne diseases.The flooding also created an urgent need for safe drinking water.
WITH ITS MANY RIVERS,RUSSIAS NEXT FLOOD IS INEVITABLE---SO, DONT WAIT FOR ANOTHER REMINDER OF THE IMPORTANCE OF BECOMING FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENT.
THE ALTERNATIVE TO A FLOOD DISASTER IS
FLOOD DISASTER RESILIENCE
RUSSIAS COMMINITIESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONHAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS
DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR FLOODSPURPOSEPROTECTION
THREAT IDENTIFICATION AND WARNING
TECHNIQUEWETLANDS, RESERVOIRS, LEVEES, DAMSREMOTE SENSING; COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL FLOODS TECHNOLOGIES THAT FACILITATE THREAT IDENTI-FICATION FOR SMART COUNTER-MEASURES IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
EXAMPLE OF FLOOD PROTECTION: A DAM
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL FLOODS PREPAREDNESS FOR ALL THE LIKELY FLOOD HAZARDS (E.G., HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SPILL) IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL FLOODS TIMELY EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR DISASTER RESILIENCE
DISASTER RESILIENCE STRATEGIES FOR FLOODSPURPOSEDO NOT BUILD IN THE FLOODPLAINFACILITATE RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUEURBAN PLANNINGA FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAMME
LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS. RUSSIA. PART 1: FLOODS lecture by Walter Hays Uploading date: March 25, 2013 Last update August 27, 2013More lectures at Disasters Supercourse -http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/collections/collection52.htm PPT original - http://www.pitt.edu/~super7/49011-50001/49981.ppt******