lessons learned from past notable disasters part iii b: china’ typhoons walter hays, global...
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART III B: CHINA TYPHOONS
Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA
NATURAL HAZARDS THAT PLACE CHINAS COMMUNITIES AT RISK
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGEENACT AND IMPLEMENT POLICIES HAVING HIGH BENEFIT/COST FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCEGOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE
CHINASCOMMUNITIESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONHAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS
TOWARDS TYPHOON DISASTER RESILIENCE
MAP OF CHINAS PROVINCES
TYPHOONSCHINA IS AT RISK FROM TROPICAL STORMS AND TYPHOONS FORMING EVERY YEAR IN THE PACIFIC OCEAN AND THE SOUTH CHINA SEA
WIND PENETRATING BUILDING ENVELOPETYPHOONSUPLIFT OF ROOF SYSTEM FLYING DEBRISSTORM SURGE IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN
SITING PROBLEMS FLOODING AND LANDSLIDES CAUSES OF DAMAGEDISASTER LABORATORIES
20O5S TYPHOON MATSA(second of eight to make landfall in China in 2005)Matsa made landfall late on August 5 near Yuhuan in the southern region of Zhejiang Province.
STORM TRACK OF MATSA AUGUST 2005
IMPACTS OF MATSAIn the People's Republic of China, heavy rain fall in combination with strong wind destroyed about 59,000 houses and damaged more than 20,000 km2 (7,700 sq mi) of croplands; causing 25 fatalities and $18 billion in damage[
2011S SUPER TYPHOON MUIFAA RAIN BOMB--- AND THE WORST TYPHOON SINCE TYPHOON MATSA IN 2005
STORM TRACK OF MUIFAJULY 27 - AUGUST 10, 2011
STORM TRACK OF MUIFAJULY 27 - AUGUST 10, 2011
IMPACTS OF MUIFA On August 6, as super typhoon Muifa approached Mainland China, over 200,000 people were evacuated from low-lying areas.1.35 million people were evacuated from Shanghai and other locations as the storm approached landfall in northern China.
IMPACTS MUIFA Heavy rain (the rain bomb) and strong winds affected more than 10 provinces of China for three days, beginning on August 7
IMPACTS OF MUIFA Muifa battered the provinces of Liaoning, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, affecting 1.74 million residents, and damaging 101,000 hectares of farmland, with estimated economic losses of US $480 million.
2012S TYPOONS WITH A FOCUS OF THOSE AFFECTING CHINA
STORM TRACKS AS OF SEPTEMBER 20, 2012
THE FORECAST UNDER-ESTIMATED THE 2012 SEASONThe actual season EXCEEDED the forecast, which was based on the expectation of El Ninos impacts in the Pacific.But, as forecast, China was significantly impacted.
NAMES OF 2012S STORMSPAKHAR March 27MARWAR May 31-June 6TALIM June 8DOKSURI June 25-30VICENTE July 24-25SAOLA July 28DAMREY August 1
NAMES OF 2012S STORMSHAIKUI August 6KIROGI August 9TAI-TAK August 16TEMBIN August 18BOLAVEN September 4SAMBA THE WORST, September 12JELAWAT September 20
NAMES OF THE STORMS OF 2012EWINIAR September 24MALEKSI September 29GAEMI September 29PRAPIROON October 7MARIA October 14SON-TINH October 19 BOPHA Nov. 29-Dec. 5
As of August 22, 15 typhoons had formed in the northwest Pacific Ocean and south China Sea, with six of them making landfall in China, more than twice as many as in 2011.
CONSECUTIVE INPACTS IN CHINA: JULY-SEPTEMBER: 2012Consecutive tropical storms/typhoons (Vicente, Talim, Saola, Damrey, Haikui, Kai-Tak, Talem, and Bolaven) left at least 51 died, displaced over 4.1 million people, and caused direct economic losses exceeding 1 billion USD.
TROPICAL STORM DOKSURI: JUNE 25-30
DOKSURI IMPACTED THE PHILIPPINES, TAIWAN, AND CHINA Over $54 million in wind and water damage.
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL TYPHOONS PREPAREDNESS MEANS THAT YOU UNDERSTAND THE RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH VELOC-ITY WIND FIELDS AND RAIN AND PLAN IN ADVANCE.
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL TYPHOONS WITHOUT ADEQUATE PROTECTION, HIGH VELOCITY WIND WILL LIFT THE ROOF OFF OF MANY BUILDINGS.
TYPHOON VINCENTE CAUSES RECORD FLOODING IN BEIJING, CHINA AREA
JULY 24-25, 2012
LESSONS LEARNED ABOUT DISASTER RESILIENCEALL TYPHOONS.DISASTER-INTELLIGENT COMMUNITIES USE TIMELY EARLY WARNING BASED ON CRITICAL INFORM-ATION TO EVACUATE PEOPLE AND PREPARE.
VICENTES PATH ENROUTE TO GUONGDONG, CHINA
SOLDIERS WITH SANDBAGS: FANGSHAN DISTRICT
VICENTE: A CAT 4 STORMAfter landfall in Guangdong, China on July 24th, Vincente became a rainmaker across China
VICENTE: A CAT 4 STORM WITH A REGIONAL IMPACTAfter landfall on July 24th in Guangdong, China, Vicente became a big rainmaker, causing regional flooding in diverse places like Beijing (the capitol) and Hong Kong.
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL TYPHOONSCAPACITY FOR INTELLIGENT EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
VINCENTE CAUSES FLOODING IN BEIJING
BEIJING-HONG KONG-MACAO EXPRSSWAY; JULY 24, 2012
LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL TYPHOONSCAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.
BEIJING-HONG KONG-MACAO EXPRSSWAY; CLEANING UP
BEIJING-HONG KONG-MACAO EXPRSSWAY: CLEANING UP
Vicentes flooding was devastating in spite of flood control measures added since the 1940s: dams, 280 000 km of embankments, 86 000 reservoirs, and 97 flood retention areas
SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTSWorst deluge in 61 yearsOne day of rainfall in the Beijing area (18 inches) was equal to 6 months of normal rainfall 100 dead; 38 in Beijing area
SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS$1.6 billion in urban damage57,000 forced from homesOver 12,000 hectares of agricultural food crops impacted,
TYPHOON SAOLA: JULY 28
TYPHOON DAMREY: AUGUST 1
TYPHOON HAIKUI: AUGUST 6
TYPHOON TAI-TAK (HELEN): AUGUST 15
Typhoon Kai-Tak left three people dead, one person missing and forced over 111,500 people to evacuate their homes in southwest China's Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region
TYPHOON BOLAVEN: SEPTEMBER 4
TYPHOON BOLAVEN: CHINATyphoon Bolaven triggered heavy flooding in China's northeastern region, driving thousands from their homes.
TROPICAL STORM TALIM: CHINA; JULY 8, 2012
Part III A of this lecture
More lectures at Disasters Supercourse -http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/collections/collection52.htm****************************************************