lessons learned from past notable disasters part ii a– pakistan’s earthquakes

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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART II A– PAKISTAN’S EARTHQUAKES. Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA . NATURAL DISASTERS FACED BY PAKISTAN. EARTHQUAKES. GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE. CYCLONES. FLOODS. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS PART II A PAKISTANS EARTHQUAKES

    Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA

  • NATURAL DISASTERS FACED BY PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKESCYCLONESFLOODSLANDSLIDES

    ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS

    GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGEDEVELOP POLICIES FOR ACTIONS HAVING HIGH BENEFIT/COST GOAL: DISASTER RESILIENCE

  • OCTOBER 8, 2005 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

  • KASHMIR EARTHQUAKE8:50 AM OCTOBER 8, 2005M7.610 KM (6 MI) DEPTH79,000 DEAD IN PAKISTAN; 1,400 IN INDIACOLLAPSED SCHOOLS AND HOSPITALS3 MILLION HOMELESS

  • THE SEVERITY OF THE KASHMIR EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE WAS RELATED TO ITS MAGNITUDE, SHALLOW DEPTH, SOIL AMPLIFICATION, AND POOR BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES

  • PAKISTAN COMMUNITIESDATA BASES AND INFORMATIONHAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS

  • EARTHQUAKESEARTHQUAKES LIKE THE 2005 QUAKE OCCUR MAINLY AS A RESULT OF INTERACTIONS OF THE INDO-AUS-TRALIAN AND INDIAN (EURASIAN) PLATES

  • OCCURRENCEThe earthquake occurred in the Main Boundary Thrust Zone (MBTZ), which runs along the Himalayan Arc for about 2,500 km.The epicenter was near Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistani administered Kashmir.

  • OUTLOOK FOR THE FUTUREExperts believe that the October 8th earthquake released only about 10 percent of the accumulated strain energy.

  • COLLISION OF INDO-AUSTRALIAN AND EURASIAN PLATES

  • LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESPREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE STRONG GROUND MOTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

  • LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESPROTECTION OF BUILDINGS AND INFRASTRUCTURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

  • GROUND SHAKING MAP

  • INADEQUATE RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL GROUND SHAKINGEARTHQUAKESSOIL AMPLIFICATIONPERMANENT DISPLACEMENT (SURFACE FAULTING & GROUND FAILURE)IRREGULARITIES IN ELEVATION AND PLAN TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP

    POOR DETAILING AND WEAK CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS FRAGILITY OF NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTSCAUSES OF DAMAGEDISASTER LABORATORIES

  • ISLAMABAD

  • MUZARAFFABAD

  • BALAKOT

  • BALAKOT

  • LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESPREPAREDNESS PLANNING FOR THE INEVITABLE GROUND FAILURE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

  • MUZAFFARABAD (LANDSLIDE)

  • JAMMU, INDIA

  • LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESCAPACITY FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

  • ISLAMABAD

  • ISLAMABAD

  • MUZAFFARABAD

  • MUZAFFARABAD

  • LAHORE

  • BALAKOT

  • KASHMIR

  • AFGHANISTAN

  • MUZAFFARABAD FOOD LINE

  • URI, INDIA

  • URI, INDIA

  • JABALA, INDIA

  • RELIEF FROM USAID

  • FOOD FROM CHINA

  • FOOD DISTRIBUTION

  • FOOD DISTRIBUTION

  • KAMAL KOT, INDIA

  • LESSONS LEARNED FOR DISASTER RESILIENCEALL NOTABLE EARTHQUAKESCAPACITY FOR RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIAL FOR COMMUNITY RESILIENCE.

  • TO ACHIEVE EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE - - - ALL SECTORS OF THE COMMUNITY NEED TO HAVE A ROLE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICIES THAT WILL LEAD TO COMMUNITY EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE.

  • LONG-TERM NEEDS OF PAKISTANNEED: 2 TO 3 MILLION NEW DWELLINGS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.NEED: NEW SCHOOLS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.NEED: NEW HOSPITALS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT. NEED: NEW INFRASTRUCTURE THAT IS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.

  • STEPS TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE CONTINUOUS PUBLIC AWARENESS PROGRAMS EDUCATIONAL SURGES AND TRAINING FOR PROFESSIONALSEXPAND SEISMIC AND BUILDING MONITORING SYSTEMSEXPAND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMSMODERN BUILDING CODES FOR NEW BUILDINGSMODERN STANDARDS FOR NEW INFRASTRUCTURESTRENGTHENING AND RETROFIT OF EXISTING STRUCTURESEXPAND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

  • STARTING POINTS IN-COUNTRY BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCHLESSONS FROM THE OCTOBER 8, 2005 DISASTER

    GROUND SHAKING MAPSINFORMATIONEDUCATIONAL SURGES AND TRAINING FOR COMMUNITY PROFESSIONALS

    Part I of this lecture

    More lectures at Disasters Supercourse -http://www.pitt.edu/~super1/collections/collection52.htm*********************************************

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