lesson 96 battle of badr. [34] the great battle of badr

Download Lesson 96 Battle of Badr. [34] The Great Battle of Badr

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  • Slide 1
  • Lesson 96 Battle of Badr
  • Slide 2
  • [34] The Great Battle of Badr
  • Slide 3
  • Quraysh used to go to Ash-Shm (The Levant, Greater Syria) for trade. During such a trip, they used to pass by Al-Madnah.
  • Slide 4
  • One of these trips was in the month of Jumd of the year 2 A.H. (After Hijrah), when their largest caravan was led by Abu-Sufyn ibn Harb, accompanied by more than 30 Qurayshis.
  • Slide 5
  • The news reached the Muslims in Al-Madnah, so they found it a good opportunity to take back some of what Quraysh confiscated from them when they migrated from Makkah to Al- Madnah.
  • Slide 6
  • The Prophet (SAWS) went out to meet them, accompanied by 150 men from Al-Muhjirn (emigrants).
  • Slide 7
  • However, he could not catch up with them. This expedition is called Al-`Ashrah, after the name of a valley near Badr.
  • Slide 8
  • Later, when the Prophet (SAWS) heard that the caravan was on its way back, he decided to meet up with it.
  • Slide 9
  • Therefore, in one of the first 10 days of Ramadan, the Prophet went out again to capture the caravan.
  • Slide 10
  • There were 314 men from the Al-Muhjirn (emigrants) and Al-Ansr (supporters); the Muslims had two horses and 70 camels.
  • Slide 11
  • When Abu-Sufiyn cautiously approached Al- Hijz (the Western part of the Arabian Peninsula), he learned about the Muslim army and their intention.
  • Slide 12
  • Therefore, he left the main route and took an alternative one, parallel to the coast.
  • Slide 13
  • Then he sent a man to Makkah to ask Quraysh for help if they wanted to save their goods and profits.
  • Slide 14
  • Quraysh prepared 950 men to march and meet the Prophet (SAWS) and his companions. The army of Quraysh included 100 horsemen and 700 camels.
  • Slide 15
  • When the Prophet (SAWS) learned about the huge army coming to face them, he gathered his followers and asked for their advice.
  • Slide 16
  • They all agreed to march out to meet them. Approaching the valley of Badr, the Prophet (SAWS) was informed that Abu-Sufyn has avoided them with the caravan, and that the army of Quraysh was behind the Valley of Badr.
  • Slide 17
  • After hearing that the caravan was safe, Abu-Jahl sent word to the army that they should not return to Makkah until they reached Badr;
  • Slide 18
  • that they should stay there and slaughter animals for food, that they should distribute the meat together with wine among other Arabs, so they would fear them and be wary of them.
  • Slide 19
  • The disbelievers' (polytheists') army camped on the far side of the valley, whereas the Muslim army, with the Prophet (SAWS), was on the near side.
  • Slide 20
  • There was no water on the Muslims side. Therefore, Allah (SWT) sent down rain so the Muslims could drink and so that the earth would become more firm.
  • Slide 21
  • This made it easy for the Muslim army to move. On the opposite side, where the Qurayshi army was, the ground had turned into mud.
  • Slide 22
  • The Prophet (SAWS) and his army came to the nearest wet land near where Quraysh were camped and ordered for a cistern to be built.
  • Slide 23
  • He (SAWS) also ordered his army to destroy the wells behind. This way the disbelievers would lose hope of getting water from behind them.
  • Slide 24
  • Then he allowed his followers to build a hut of palm branches, where he could set up his headquarters. They did so and built it on an elevation overlooking the battlefield.
  • Slide 25
  • In the morning of Tuesday, the 17th of Ramadan, in the year 2 A.H., the two armies came face to face.
  • Slide 26
  • The Prophet (SAWS) was setting up the ranks of his army until it was in order.
  • Slide 27
  • Then he looked at Quraysh and said, O Allah, this is Quraysh who came here to challenge You with their arrogance and their horses. They also came to belie your Prophet. O Allah I pray for your victory which You have promised me."
  • Slide 28
  • From the opposing army of disbelievers, three came out to the middle of the battlefield for the first challenge: Utbah ibn Rab`ah, his son Al- Wald, and his brother Shaybah.
  • Slide 29
  • This was the custom of battles in the old times, where notable warriors from each side would step up for a one-to-one challenge at the start.
  • Slide 30
  • In response, three of the Al-Ansr from the Muslim army went out to face them.
  • Slide 31
  • The first three stubbornly refused this challenge, saying: We would rather fight someone more qualified, someone from our cousins [i.e. Qurayshis].
  • Slide 32
  • And out came Hamzah ibn `Abdul-Muttalib, `Ubaydah ibn ul-Hrith and `Ali ibn Abu- Tlib, to accept this renewed challenge.
  • Slide 33
  • Hamzah took on Shaybah, as `Ubaydah took on `Utbah, and `Ali faced Al-Wald.
  • Slide 34
  • While Hamzah and `Ali defeated their opponents, the third challenge ended up with `Ubaydah and his opponent both seriously injured.
  • Slide 35
  • Seeing this, Hamzah and `Ali helped `Ubaydah win, and carried him, wounded, back to their side.
  • Slide 36
  • The injury was unfortunately too serious and he passed away later, may Allah be pleased with him.
  • Slide 37
  • The full scale attack then started, and the Prophet (SAWS) came out of his hut, encouraging his army by saying, "Soon the gathering will be routed and (they) will turn their backs." (TMQ, Al-Qamar: 45).
  • Slide 38

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