lesson 2 nutrients are classified into six groups. to survive, the human body needs the nutrients...

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  • Lesson 2 Nutrients are classified into six groups. To survive, the human body needs the nutrients found in food. Nutrients
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  • Lesson 2 In this lesson, youll learn to: Describe the functions of the six basic nutrients in maintaining health. Demonstrate knowledge of nutrients in a variety of foods. Analyze the relationship among good nutrition, health promotion, and disease prevention. Lesson Objectives
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  • Lesson 2 What Are Carbohydrates? Made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, carbohydrates are the bodys preferred source of energy.carbohydrates Depending on their chemical makeup, carbohydrates are classified as either: Simple OR Complex Carbohydrates
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  • Lesson 2 Simple and Complex Carbohydrates Simple CarbohydratesComplex Carbohydrates They are sugars, such as fructose, lactose, and sucrose. They occur naturally in plants such as sugarcane and sugar beets. They are starches. They are found in whole grains, nuts, legumes, and tubers. Carbohydrates
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  • Lesson 2 The Role of Carbohydrates Your body converts all carbohydrates to glucose. Glucose that is not used right away is stored as glycogen. When more energy is needed, your body converts the glycogen back to glucose. Your body converts and stores the excess carbohydrates as body fat. Carbohydrates
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  • Lesson 2 Fiber Fiber is found in the tough, stringy parts of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. It helps prevent intestinal problems such as constipation. Eating enough fiber reduces the risk of heart disease. Some types of fiber help control diabetes. Carbohydrates
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  • Lesson 2 What Are Proteins? ProteinsProteins are a vital part of every cell in your body. They are made of long chains of substances called amino acids. Proteins
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  • Lesson 2 Complete and Incomplete Proteins Incomplete Proteins Complete Proteins Complete proteins contain adequate amounts of all nine essential amino acids. Animal products and many soybean products are good sources of complete proteins. Proteins
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  • Lesson 2 The Role of Proteins The body uses proteins to: Build new cells and tissues. Replace damaged cells by making new ones. Make enzymes, hormones, and antibodies. Supply the body with energy. Proteins
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  • Lesson 2 What Are Fats? Fats are a type of lipid. The building blocks of fats are called fatty acids.lipid Depending on their chemical composition, fatty acids are classified as either: Saturated OR Unsaturated Fats
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  • Lesson 2 Saturated and Unsaturated Fatty Acids Saturated Fatty AcidsUnsaturated Fatty Acids Hold all the hydrogen atoms they can. Are usually solid at room temperature. Are associated with an increased risk of heart disease. Have at least one unsaturated bond where hydrogen can be added to the molecule. Are usually liquids (oils) at room temperature. Have been associated with a reduced risk of heart disease. Fats
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  • Lesson 2 The Role of Fats Fats They transport vitamins A, D, and K in the blood. They serve as sources of linoleic acidan essential fatty acid that is needed for growth and healthy skin. They add flavor and texture to food. They satisfy hunger longer than other nutrients do.
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  • Lesson 2 The Role of Cholesterol Your body uses cholesterol to: Make cell membranes and nerve tissue. Produce hormones. Produce vitamin D. Produce bile, which helps digest fats. Cholesterol is a waxy lipid-like substance that circulates in blood. Fats
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  • Lesson 2 Ways to Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease Eat a diet low in saturated fats and cholesterol. Lose excess weight to lower cholesterol levels. Fats
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  • Lesson 2 Vitamins Vitamins are classified as either water- or fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water and pass easily into the blood during digestion. Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed, stored, and transported in fat. Vitamins
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  • Lesson 2 Important Minerals Some important minerals you need each day are:minerals Calcium Phosphorous Magnesium Iron Minerals
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  • Lesson 2 The Role of Water It transports nutrients to and carries wastes from your cells. It lubricates your joints and mucous membranes. It enables you to swallow and digest foods, absorb nutrients, and eliminate wastes. It helps maintain normal body temperature through perspiration. Water
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  • Lesson 2 Q. The starches and sugars present in foods are called _____. 1.fiber 2.proteins 3.carbohydrates 4.vitamins Choose the appropriate option. Quick Review
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  • Lesson 2 A. The starches and sugars present in foods are called carbohydrates. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer
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  • Lesson 2 Q. A _____ is a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water. 1.sugar 2.lipid 3.protein 4.mineral Choose the appropriate option. Quick Review
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  • Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. A. A lipid is a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water. Quick Review - Answer
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  • Lesson 2 Q. What are vitamins? Click Next to view the answer. Provide a short answer to the question given below. Quick Review
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  • Lesson 2 A. Vitamins are compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients. They are classified as either water-soluble vitamins, which dissolve in water; or fat-soluble vitamins, which are absorbed, stored, and transported in fat. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer
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  • Lesson 2 Your friend Steve wants to cut down on his intake of saturated fats and cholesterol. What advice would you give him? Provide a short answer to the question given below. Quick Review
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  • Lesson 2 Made up of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, carbohydrates are the bodys preferred source of energy.carbohydrates Depending on their chemical makeup, carbohydrates are classified as either: Simple OR Complex What Are Carbohydrates? Carbohydrates are the starches and sugars present in foods. Carbohydrates
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  • Lesson 2 Fiber Fiber is found in the tough, stringy parts of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. It helps prevent intestinal problems such as constipation. Eating enough fiber reduces the risk of heart disease. Some types of fiber help control diabetes. Fiber is an indigestible complex carbohydrate. Carbohydrates
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  • Lesson 2 What Are Proteins? ProteinsProteins are a vital part of every cell in your body. They are made of long chains of substances called amino acids. Proteins Proteins are nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues.
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  • Lesson 2 Depending on their chemical composition, fatty acids are classified as either: Saturated OR Unsaturated What Are Fats? Fats are a type of lipid. The building blocks of fats are called fatty acids.lipid Lipid is a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water. Fats
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  • Lesson 2 VitaminsVitamins are classified as either water- or fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water and pass easily into the blood during digestion. Fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed, stored, and transported in fat. Vitamins Vitamins are compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients. Vitamins
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  • Lesson 2 Important Minerals Some important minerals you need each day are:minerals Calcium Phosphorous Magnesium Iron Minerals are substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming healthy bones and teeth and for regulating many vital body processes. Minerals
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  • Lesson 2 Vitamins
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  • Lesson 2 Vitamins
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  • Lesson 2 Complete and Incomplete Proteins Incomplete proteins lack one or more of the essential amino acids. Beans, peas, nuts, and whole grains are good sources of incomplete proteins. Incomplete Proteins Complete Proteins
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  • Lesson 2 A. Correct! The starches and sugars present in foods are called carbohydrates. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer
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  • Lesson 2 A. Correct! A lipid is a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer
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  • Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer
  • Slide 38
  • Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

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