layer breeder management

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Syamsyul bt Azizan Siti Hajar Nor bt Muhammad Nur Adza Rina bt Mohd Nordi

HOUSE PREPARATION ( 3 month) Clear : feed : sawdust : feces House washing Disinfection Lime

Chicks from German

Breed: Lohmann Brown & Lohmann Sandy

Brooding

Move to other flocks (6th week)

Starts to lay eggs (19th week) Production age (21st week-68th week)

Selling of chickens (68th 70th week)

Brooding Flock 6 : 2 houses, 30 000 chicks Close house system Flooring : 6 inches sawdust (removed on 35 Brooding circle : made of plywoodth

day)

: 500-1000 chicks : 10 feed tray+10 water bottle

T : 32-34 oc (heater) Lighting : 0 day -24 hours Diet: 1 day -23 hours : prestarter ( 1st -10th days) : starter ( 11th day- 10th week)

Debeaking : 8th day Change water bottle : 15th day

th 6

th 8

week old

Transfer chick from brooding (flock 6) to flock 1,2,3,4, and 5. 10 female:1 male Stay until 70th week old.

th 9

th 70

week old

lighting -9th week old 25th week old = 14 hour -26th week old 70th week old = 16 hour (maximum)

Nutrition-phase 1 (10th-20th week old) grower -phase 2 (21st-65th week old) - layer -phase 3 (65th above) sell

* feed silo 13 tonnes max, use chain feeder * feed frequency- 6th 21st week (2times) - 22nd 36th week (3times) - 36th above (5times)

* Drinking water (nipple drinker)

Floor management ~ softwood shaving. ~ remove wet litter ~ clean after selling chicken. ~ nest and egg collection- put nest at 18th week old - keep the nest clean regularly - collect the egg twice a day - every 60 square feet, 10 nest

Isolation of chickens ~too small ~weak ~showing disease symptoms

Temperature ~ 30 oC ~ maintained by cooling pad and exhaust fan Humidity ~ 60 70 % Vaccination ~ ND + IB = 6-7 day= 13 day = 22-24 day = 7 wk = 11 wk = 16 wk = 19-20 wk = after 20 wk every month

~ IBD

= 6-7 day = 13 day = 22-24 day = 19 wk ~ fowl pox = 22-24 day = 14 wk ~ ILT = 8 wk

~ coryza = 7 wk= 16 wk ~ EDS = 16 wk

~ AE = 14 wk ~ MG = 9 wk

~ route of vaccination * eye drop * injection * wing web * drinking water

Egg selection ~ select the normal egg, clean the egg, transfer to hatchery ~ abnormal egg :1. jumbo 2. too small 3. white shell 4. crack 5. abnormal shape 6. too dirty

Production~ 360 eggs/chicken/year ~ young chicken : small eggs : less production ~ 36 wo-56 wo : peak production

Selling chicken ~ after 68 weeks old ~ send to slaughter house ~ Farm price : RM 2.20/kg ~ Market price : RM 7.50/chicken

Salmonella checking ~Every 3 months ~300 chickens/flock ~+ve Salmonellasend to lab

Monitoring chicken ~every day = mortalitynormal : 2-3 chicken/house/day

~monthly

= uniformity>80% - good

= body weighttoo fat low fertility - low hatchability

= feed consumption

Waste management ~ feces sell as fertilizer ~ dead chicken sell to catfish pond

Biosecurity ~ Fencing ~ Disinfection = personal shower= vehicle spray = foot dip

~ Bird proof house ~ Restricted human traffic