lauritz n smith and maren kirstine mikkeksdotter
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DESCRIPTIONPIONEER 1853-1854 Lauritz Nicolaisen Smith (1830 – 1924) & Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter (1827 – 1923)
- 1. PIONEER 1853-1854 Lauritz Nicolaisen Smith (1830 1924) & Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter (1827 1923) Lauritz Nicolaisen Smith Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter Lauritz Nicolaisen Smith KWCP-L96 Birth 5 October 1830, Hjorring, Nordjylland, Denmark Death 16 Jun 1924, Draper, Salt Lake, Utah, United States MARRIED: 5 February 1854 Atlantic Ocean, aboard the sailing ship Jesse Munn Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter KWJJ-RCY Birth 14 January 1827, Boller Mark, Taars Parish, Hjorring, Nordjylland, Denmark Death 2 JAN 1923, Draper, S.L. Co. Utah
- 2. Hjrring Municipality is a municipality (Danish: kommune) in North Denmark Region on the west coast of the island of Vendsyssel-Thy at the top of the Jutland peninsula in northern Denmark. Hjrring, the administrative seat of Hjrring Municipality Region, Nordjylland, Denmark. NOT SURE: Boller Mark, Taars Parish, Hjorring, Nordjylland, Denmark SHOWN AS Trs, Hjrring, Denmark on the map above. The Danish national flag, the oldest national banner in the world, is a white cross on a red field. Legend has it that the banner, called Dannebrog, descended from the heavens in the midst of a battle between the Danes and the Estonians on June 15, 1219. Between 1820 and 1850, about 60 Danes got established each year in the United States. However, they soon totaled to more than 375,000 Danes between 1820 and 1990; a vast majority of whom emigrated between 1860 and 1930. The largest arrival year for Danish emigration in United States was 1882, when 11.618 new Danes settled in the country. The first significant wave of Danish immigrants to America consisted mainly of converts to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, who settled in United States in 1850s. They settled down in the newly acquired state of Utah, which had been under Mexican control until 1848. There were about 17,000 such immigrants. Many of these Danes settled in the small farming communities of Sanpete and Sevier counties. These continue to be the counties in the United States with second and fifth largest percentages of Danish Americans today, respectively.
- 3. Lauritz Smith Lauritz Smith was born Oct 5, 1830 to Nicolai Christensen Smidt and Karen Marie Christensen in Hjorring, Hjorring Co., Denmark. He had two brothers, Thomas Christian Smith, born February 24, 1823 and Johannes Smith born December 27. Father and sons worked as blacksmiths. At a very young age the sons apprenticed to learn the trade of blacksmithing. This is how the name of Smith was started. Lauritzs Grandfathers name was Christen Thomas, but because his (Lauritz) father became a blacksmith, his family name was changed to Smith, and Lauritz, learning this trade, was also known as Lauritz Smith. In 1845 his father, Nicolai, died. The oldest son, Thomas, assumed the family responsibilities, he and Johannes never married. All religious meetings except Lutheran were strictly forbidden at that time. As a young man he was required to serve in the army, and while serving he first heard about the Mormon Church. Later he wrote, I first heard the truth of the restored Gospel in the spring of 1851, from my cousin Christian Peter Nielsen, and having accepted the first principles of truth, I was baptized and confirmed on 11 August, 1851 by Jens Thompson. He was ordained an Elder in 1852 and labored with the local Elders during the winter of 1852-53 in the northeastern part of Wensyssel where he was stationed with the Danish Army. He also traveled with President Willard Snow to Copenhagen for April Conference. Lauritz was then transferred to Schlesvig-Holstein where he continued to labor as a local missionary, as his time permitted. When Lauritz was a young man, about age 25 or about 1854, he had a sweetheart, Mary Khristina Mickelson, whose family had also joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints, and were making plans to make the trip to America and then to Utah. The very day Mary Khristina was to sail, Lauritz came home from work tired and black with dirt. His mother handed him some clean clothes before coming into the house. As he was doing this, he was thinking about his sweetheart. He was very unhappy of her leaving and decided there was nothing or no reason to keep him in Denmark without her. So he quickly changed into his clean clothing and without even returning home, left a note saying, I have gone to find a better place. Leaving an impression that he had cast himself in the water. He went to the ship that Mary Khristina was on, having no money or passport. He mingled with the people and walked on the ship without anyone stopping or asking any questions to him. He made the whole trip with the people just thinking of him as a paid legal passenger. Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter Maren Kirstine was born January 14, 1827 in Hjorring, Denmark. She is the third of six children of Mikkek Christensen and Margrethe Jensen. She was raised in a farming community and learned at a young age to be a very hard worker, both in home making and field work. She with other members of her family were taught the Gospel in their native land by the L.D.S. Missionaries. They accepted the truth of the new religion and she gained a strong testimony of it and was always a very devout believer. Maren Kirstine and her Parents were baptized during 1852. Then, during 1853 she, along with her Parents had the opportunity to immigrate to Zion (Salt Lake City, Utah) with others from the LDS congregation in Denmark. December 22, 1853, the first emigrant company of the season, three hundred strong, set sail from Copenhagen on board the steamship 'Slevig' Then by way of Kiel, Gluckstadt and Hull the emigrants reached Liverpool England on 28 December 1853, and on 1 January 1854 they went on board the ship Jesse Munn. PASSENGER LIST NOT AVAILABLE
- 4. MORMON IMMIGRATION http://mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu/Search/showDetails/db:MM_MII/t:voyage/id:191/keywords:from+Denmark+on+Decemb er+10%2C+1853 Ship Name: Jesse Munn Departure: 3 Jan 1854 from Liverpool Arrival: 20 Feb 1854 at New Orleans, LA Jesse Munn, 333 Souls. This company of Saint, 333 Souls, were all from the Scandinavian Mission (Denmark & Germany) PASSENGER ABOARD Jese Munn http://mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu/Search/showDetails/db:MM_MII/t:passenger/id:9698/keywords:fro m+Denmark+on+December+10%2C+1853 FATHER Christensen, Michel Last Name: CHRISTENSEN, First Name: Michel, Age: 59 Origin: Heden, Weneberg, Sogn, Denmark MOTHER Christensen, Margrete Last Name: CHRISTENSEN, First Name: Margrete, Age: 61 (Maiden Name: Jensen) Origin: Taars, Denmark DAUGHTER Christensen, Maren Christine [Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter] Last Name: Christensen, First Name: Maren Christine, Age: 26 (Mikkelsdotter) Origin: Bollermark, Taars, Sogn, Denmark In Denmark childrens last name are taken from their fathers first name. In England and U.S.A. the childrens last name is the same as the fathers last name. The U.S.A. standard was applied when recording the ships roster. This conflicts with other accounts. Another ships roster shows Maren Christensen (Age 28) [? Maren Kirstine Mikkelsdatter] sailing aboard the ship Benjamin Adams which sailed from Liverpool, U, K. on 28 Jan 1854 and arrived at New Orleans, LA 22 Mar 1854. HOWEVER her parents do not appear on this roster. http://mormonmigration.lib.byu.edu/Search/showDetails/db:MM_MII/t:passenger/id:92316/keywords:1854+Benjamin+Adams While traveling to America on board the ship, Lauritz and Mary Khristina were married on February 5, 1854. When the ship reached New Orleans, he (Lauritz) went off in the same way, no one paying any attention at all to him or his lack of a passport.
- 5. On Monday February 20th, 1854, the Jesse Munn arrived at New Orleans. Further transportation of the company to St. Louis was arranged and on Saturday the twenty-fifth, the river journey was commenced. Owing to unusual low water in the river, the passage was slow, and tedious, which in connection with the change of climate and difference in the mode of living, caused cholera of a very malignant type to break out among the emigrants, resulting in an unusual number of deaths Cholera is an infection in the small intestine caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The main symptoms are profuse, watery diarrhea and vomiting. Transmission occurs primarily by drinking water or eating food that has been contaminated. The severity of the diarrhea and vomiting can lead to rapid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, and death in some cases. After the arrival in St. Louis on the 11 March 1854, houses were rented for the temporary occupation of the emigrants, who tarried there about a month, until the next company of Scandinavian emigrants arrived. During the stay in St. Louis, sickness continued amongst the Saints, and many more died of the cholera. MORMON PIONEER OVERLAND TRAVEL http://history.lds.org/overlandtravels/companyDetail?companyId=227 Hans Peter Olsen Company About 550 individuals and 69 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Westport, Missouri. Averaging 8 people per wagon Departure: Westport, Missouri, 15 June 1854 Arrival: Salt Lake City, Utah, 5 October 1854 Name Age Birth Date Death Date Smith, Lauritz Nichol
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