land of buddha: 20 holy buddhist places in india

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1. 20 Buddhists Holy Places in India 2. Bodhgaya The holy site situated in Bihar where Prince Siddhartha attained enlightenment underneath a bodhi tree and became Buddha some 2,600 years ago. The Mahabodhi Temple located inBodhgaya became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. 3. Sarnath Located 13 km north-east of the holy city of Varanasi, Sarnath is the place where Buddha set the motion of the Wheel of Dharma and taught the four noble truths and teachings associated with it. It also houses the Ashoka Pillar surmounted by the famous Ashokan Lion Capital which became the National Emblem of India and National Symbol on the Indian Flag. 4. Kushinagar Known as Kushavati in the ancient times, Kushinagar is where Gautama Buddha attained Parinirvana, which occurs upon death of a body of someone who has attained nirvana during their lifetime. Many of the ruins of stupas here are dated as early as 3rd and 5th century B.C. 5. Rajgir Rajagirha or Rajgir in Bihar is where the second turning of the Wheel of Dharma is said to have taken place. It is also famous for the hot water springs, also known as Brahmakund, and has the Peace Pagoda, Vishwa Shanti Stupa, one of the 80 Peace Pagodas in the world. 6. Shravasti The third turning of the Wheel of Dharma was delivered to an audience of bodhisattvas in the ancient city of Shravasti or Savatthi, one of the six largest cities in India during Gautama Buddhas lifetime. Jetavana monastery, the most famous Buddhist monastery in India where Buddha gave majority of his teachings and discourses, is also located here. 7. Sankashya As per the legends, after preaching his mother, Queen Mayadevi, in heaven, Buddha descended from Tushita Heaven in the ancient city of Sankashya. It is one of the last four places common to the Buddhas of the world. 8. Vaishali The ancient city of Bihar, which is now an archaeological site, is where Gautama Buddha preached his last sermon before his death in 483 B.C. The second Buddhist council was also held here in 383 B.C. and the city contains one of the best preserved Pillars of Ashoka, topped by a single Asiatic lion. 9. Nalanda Nalanda was an ancient centre for higher religious learnings in ancient India and is located 88 km from south-east of Patna, the capital of Bihar. Nalanda was visited by both, Mahavira and Buddha in the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. and many famous Buddhist scholars either studied or taught at Nalanda. 10. Sanchi The Great Stupa, the oldest stone structure in India, which was originally commissioned by the Emperor Ashoka, The Great, in the 3rd century B.C. is located in Sanchi. The monuments have been listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1989. 11. Kapilavastu Once the capital of Shakyas, Kapilavatthu or Kapilavastu is a prominent Buddhist pilgrimage site. It is believed that before he renounced the material world and became Gautama Buddha, Prince Siddhartha spent 29 years of his life here 12. Ajanta & Ellora Caves The 3rd-century caves at Ajanta & Ellora are one of the finest masterpiece of historical Buddhist art and architecture. These man made rock-cut caves have beautiful paintings on the walls illustrating the events in the life of Gautama Buddha. Both these caves at Ajanta & Ellora are designated World Heritage Sites. 13. Pataliputra (Patna) Situated next to modern day Patna, the capital of Bihar, Patliputra was an ancient city built by the Magadha ruler Ajatshatru in 490 B.C. Two important early Buddhist councils were held here, the first at the death of Buddha and second during the reign of Emperor Ashoka The Great. 14. Ajanta & Ellora Caves The 3rd-century caves at Ajanta & Ellora are one of the finest masterpiece of historical Buddhist art and architecture. These man made rock-cut caves have beautiful paintings on the walls illustrating the events in the life of Gautama Buddha. Both these caves at Ajanta & Ellora are designated World Heritage Sites. 15. Gaya The ancient city of Gaya holds mythological significance and is of religious importance for the Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. It was at the Gayasisa hill, now known as Brahmayoni Hill, that Buddha preached the Fire Sermon to a thousand former fire- worshipping ascetics, who all got enlightenment while listening to the discourse. 16. Kesariya Kesariya is the site of the stupa built by the Emperor Ashoka, The Great, which is one of the largest stupas in the world. It was here that Buddha preached the famous Kalama Sutta, advocating use of sound logical reasoning arguments and charter of free inquiry. 17. Vikramshila Vikramshila University was one of the two most important centres of Buddhist learning, along with Nalanda University, in India during the rule of Pala dynasty. The excavation of the remains of the ancient university is underway, which has revealed a square monastery, stupas and a library. 18. Amaravati Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh was the site of a great Buddhist stupa built during the reign of Emperor Ashoka The Great. Built in 200 B.C., it is decorated with carved panels and adorned with standing Buddha figures which tell stories of Buddhas life. 19. Nagarjuna Konda Nagarjuna Konda, or the Hill of Nagarjuna, named after the Buddhist scholar Acharya Nagarjuna, is a historical Buddhist town located in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. It was a religious centre promoting Brahmanical and Buddhist faiths attracting students from as far as Bengal, China and Sri Lanka. 20. Bojjannakonda Bojjannakonda along with Lingalakonda are the two Buddhist sites on adjacent hill near a village called Sankaram in Andhra Pradesh. Bojjannakonda is about 45 KMs from Vishakhapatnam. Both these sites are believed to be from 4th to 9th Century when Buddhism flourished in this region. 21. Photographic Attribution Thank you all for your contributions! Featured Image: https://www.flickr.com/photos/pentog/5826276207/ Bodhgaya: www.flickr.com/photos/pentog/5826830186 Sarnath: www.flickr.com/photos/travfotos/4474512749 Kushinagar: www.flickr.com/photos/bodhithaj/361607091 Rajgir: www.flickr.com/photos/anandajoti/9244852398 Shravasti: www.flickr.com/photos/anandajoti/9237037673 Sankashya: lotus.rongmotamhon.net/uni/z-photos_hh2004/11-Sankasya/18-Sankasya-B.jpg Vaishali: www.flickr.com/photos/hyougushi/31157518 Nalanda: www.flickr.com/photos/madhatrk/558069104 Sanchi: www.flickr.com/photos/jayamahesh/5029614718 Kapilavastu: www.flickr.com/photos/anandajoti/9240004790 Ajanta & Ellora Caves: www.flickr.com/photos/nozomiiqel/3408579920 Pataliputra (Patna): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Budhha-Memorial-Park-Patna.jpg Gaya: commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gayasisa.jpg Kesariya: www.flickr.com/photos/anandajoti/9239704568 Vikramshila: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikrama%C5%9B%C4%ABla_University Amaravati: www.flickr.com/photos/rogueanthro/5426010026 Nagarjuna Konda: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Buddhist_site_3rd_century_AD.jpg Bojjannakonda: www.flickr.com/photos/28772513@N07/8575201365

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