lalita sahasra namam 1

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  • Lalita Sahasra NamamTranslated by P. R. Ramachander

    Introduction

    This stotra (hymn which praises) occurs in Brahmanda purana (Old epic of the universe) inthe Chapter on discussion between Hayagreeva and Agasthya.Hayagreeva is an incarnation ofVishnu with the horse head and is believed to be the storehouse of knowledge. Agasthya isone of the great sages of yore who is one of the stars of the constellation great bear. At hisrequest Hayagreeva taught him the most holy 1000 names of Lalitha .

    Parama shiva is one of the trinity of Hindu pantheons who is in charge of destruction. Hemarried Sathi , the daughter of Daksha. Daksha and Paramashiva were not getting on welland consequently he did not invite Paramashiva for one of the great fire sacrifices that heconducted. However Sathi went to attend the function in spite of Paramashivas protest.Daksha insulted her husband and she jumped in to the fire and ended her life. Consequentlyat the behest Of Paramashiva Daksha was killed and later given life with a goats head.However this incident upset Paramashiva and he entered into deep meditation.Sathi took birthas the daughter of the mountain(Parvathy) Himalayas and started doing penance on Shiva forgetting him as her husband. The devas faced a very great enemy in Sura Padma who had aboon that he could be killed only by a son of Shiva and Parvathy. So to wake Shiva from hisdeep meditation the devas deputed Manmatha , the God of love who shot his flower arrows atParamashiva. Paramashiva woke up and opened his third eye and burnt the God of love intoashes. The Devas and Rathi Devi the wife of Manmatha requested Paramashiva to give life toManmatha. Heeding for their request Paramashiva stared at the ashes of Manmatha.From theashes came Bhandasura Who made all the world as impotent and ruled from the city calledShonitha pura.He started troubling the devas.The devas then sought the advice of SageNarada who advised them to conduct a fire sacrifice. From the fire rose Sri Lalitha TripuraSundari.

    She was extremely beautiful, having dark thick long hair with scent of Champaka, Asoka andPunnaga flowers, having the musk thilaka on her forehead, Having eyelids which appeared asif it is the gate of the house of God of love ,having eyes which were like fish playing in thebeauteous lake of her face, Having nose with studs which shined more than the stars, Havingears with sun and moon as studs, having cheeks which were like mirror of Padmaraga,Having beautiful rows of white teeth, Chewing Thamboola with camphor, having voicesweeter than the sound emanating from Veena of Sarswathi, Having such a beautiful smilethat Lord Shiva himself could not take his eyes off, Wearing Mangala soothra and necklaceswith beautiful shining dollars, Having breasts which were capable of buying the invaluablelove of Kameswara, having row of faint beautiful hair raising from her belly, having stomachwith three pretty folds, wearing red silk tied with a string with red bells. Having thighs whichsteal the heart of Kameshwara, Having knees which looked like crowns made of preciousgems, having voluptuous legs, having upper part of the feet resembling the back of tortoise,Having feet which resembled the lamps made of gems which could dispel worries from themind of devotees and a body with the golden red colour. She was given in marriage to LordKameshwara and made to stay in Sree Nagara at the top of Maha Meru Mountain.

  • Sree nagara had 25 streets circling it. They are made of iron, steel, copper, lead, alloy madeof five metals, silver, gold, the white Pushpa raga stone, the red Padmaraga stone. Onyx,diamond, Vaidoorya, Indra neela (topaz), pearl, Marakatha, coral, nine gems and mixture ofgems and precious stones. In the eighth street was the forest of Kadambas. This is presided bySyamala. In the fifteenth street live the Ashta Digh palakas.In the sixteenth lives Varahi aliasDandini who is her commander in chief. Here Syamala also has a house. In the seventeenthstreet live the different Yoginis.In the eighteenth street lives Maha Vishnu.In the nineteenthstreet lives Esana, in the twentieth Thara Devi, twenty first Varuni , the twenty secondKurukulla who presides over the fort of pride, twenty third Marthanda Bhairawa, twentyfourth the moon and twenty fifth Manmatha presiding over the forest of love. In the center ofSrinagara is the Maha Padma Vana(The great lotus forest) and within it the Chintamani Griha(The house of holy thought),In its north east is the Chid agni kunda and on both sides of itseastern gate are the houses of Manthrini and Dhandini.On its four gates stand theChaduramnaya gods for watch and ward. And within it is the Sri chakra.In the center of SriChakra on the throne of Pancha brahmas on the Bindu Peeta(dot plank) calledsarvanandamaya(universal happiness) Sits Maha Tripura Sundari.In the Sri Chakra are thefollowing decorations viz., The square called Trilokya mohanam(most beautiful in the threeworlds), The sixteen petalled lotus called Sarvasa paripoorakam(fulfiller of all desires), theeight petalled lotus called Sarvasamksopanam(the all cleanser), the sixteen corner figurecalled Sarva sowbagyam(all luck),the external ten cornered figure called Sarvartha sadhakam(giver of all assets), the internal ten cornered figure called Sarva raksha karam(All protector),the eight cornered figure called Sarva roka haram(cure of all diseases), triangle called Sarvasiddhi pradam(giver of all powers) and the dot called Sarvananda mayam(all pleasures).

    The devas prayed her to kill Bhandasura. When she started for the war with Bandasura, shewas accompanied by the powers called anima, mahima etc, Brahmi, Kaumari, Vaishnavi,Varahi, Mahendri, Chamundi, Maha Lakshmi, , Nitya Devaths and Avarna Devathas whooccupy the Sri Chakra.While Sampatkari devi was the captain of the elephant regiment,Aswarooda devi was the captain of the cavalry. The army was commanded by Dhandiniriding on the Charriot called Giri Chakra assisted by Manthrini riding on the chariot calledGeya Chakra. Jwala malini protected the army by creating a fire ring around it. ParaShakthirode in the center on the chariot of Sri Chakra.Nithya Devi destroyed a large chunk ofBandasuras armies , Bala Devi killed the son of Bandasura, and Manthrini and Dhandinikilled his brothers called Vishanga and Vishukra. When the Asuras created blockade for themarching army, Sri Lalitha Tripura sundari created Ganesha with the help of Kameshwara toremove the blockade.Then Bandasura created the asuras called Hiranyaksha, Hiranya Kasipuand Ravana.The Devi created the ten avatars of Vishnu and destroyed them. She killed all hisarmy using Pasupathastra and killed him with Kameshwarasthra.The gods then praisedher.She then recreated Manmatha for the good of the world. This story is contained in thefirst 84 names of the first 34 slokas of Lalitha Sahasra nama .and all together contains onethousand names. This is also called the Rahasya Nama Sahasra(the thousand secretnames).Reading it , meditating on the meaning of the names would lead to the fulfillment ofall the wishes of the devotees.

    DhyanamSindhuraruna vigraham trinayanam manikya mouli spurathThara Nayaga sekaram smitha mukhi mapina vakshoruham,

  • Panibhayam alipoorna ratna chashakam rakthothpalam vibhrathim,Soumyam ratna gatastha raktha charanam, dhyayeth paramambikam.

    Meditate on that Ambika,Who has a body of the colour of saffron,Who has the three graceful eyes,Who has a jeweled crown ,Adorned by the moon,Who always has a captivating smile,Who has high and firm breasts,Who has wine filled cup made of precious stones,And reddish flowers in her hands,Who forever is the ocean of peace,And who keeps her red holy feet.On a jeweled platform.

    Arunam Karuna thrangitakshim dhrutha pasangusa-pushpabana-chapam,Animadhibhi-ravrutham mayukai raha mityeva vibhavaye Bhavanim.

    I imagine of my goddess Bhavani,Who has a colour of the rising sun.Who has eyes which are waves of mercy,Who has bow made of sweet cane,Arrows made of soft flowers,And pasanugusa in her hands,And who is surrounded,By her devotees with powers great,As personification of the concept of aham

    Dyayeth padmasanastham vikasitha vadanam padma pathrayathakshim,Hemabham peethavasthram karakalitha-lasadhema padmam varangim,Sarvalangara yuktham sathatham abhayadam bhaktha namram bhavanim.Srividyam santhamuthim sakala suranutham sarva sampat pradhatrim.

    Meditate I do,On her who sits on a lotus,On her who has a smiling face,On her who has long eyes like the lotus leaf,On her who glitters like gold,On her who wears red cloths,On her who has a golden lotus in her hand,On her who grants all desires,On her who is dressed with perfection,On her who gives protection,On her who has soft heart to her devotees,On her who is Sri vidya ,On her who is forever peaceful,

  • On her who is worshipped by gods,And on her who gives all wealth.

    Sakumkumalepana malikachumbi-Kasthurikam,Samanda hasithekshanam sashra chapa pasangusam,Asesha jana mohinim maruna malya bhoosham bara,Japa-kusuma-basuram japa vidhou smarathembikam.

    Meditate on her,Who applies saffron on her body,Who applies musk attracted by bees on her,Who has a beautiful smile,Who has with her bows, arrows and Pasangusa,Who attracts all the souls,Who wears red garland,Who wears ornaments great,And who is of the colour of the red hibiscus.

    * 1 * ? Srimatre namah- Mother who gives immeasurable wealth who removes all sorrowsand gives only happiness.-indicates also her role of creation* 2 * ? Sri mahaa Raagna-yei namah - She who is the empress who takes care of theuniverse- indicates her role of protection* 3 * ? Sri mat simhaasan-eshwar-yei namah - She who sits on the throne of lions-indicates her role of destruction* 4 * ? Chid-agni-Kunda-Sambhootaa-yei namah - She who rose from the fire ofknowledge and is the ultimate truth* 5 * ? Dev kaarya samu-dhyataa-yei namah

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