kozier-chapter 1 outline-historical contemporary nursing practice

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KOZIER-Chapter 1 Outline-Historical Contemporary Nursing Practice

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Chapter

1

Historical and Contemporary Nursing PracticeKozier & Erb's Fundamentals of Nursing, 8e Berman, Snyder, Kozier, Erb Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

PretestWhich of the following women made significant contributions to the nursing care of soldiers during the Civil War? Select all that apply. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Harriet Tubman Florence Nightingale Fabiola Dorothea Dix Sojourner Truth

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 1 Correct: Harriet Tubman provided care and safety to slaves fleeing to the North on the Underground Railroad. Florence Nightingale contributed to the nursing care of soldiers in the Crimean War. Fabiola used her wealth to provide houses of caring and healing during the Roman empire Correct: Dorothea Dix was responsible for recruiting nurses and supervising the nursing care of all women nurses working in army hospitals. Correct: Sojourner Truth provided care and safety to slaves fleeing to the North on the Underground Railroad. Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 2Health promotion is best represented by which of the following activities? 3. 4. 5. 6. Administering immunizations Giving a bath Preventing injuries in the home Performing diagnostic procedures

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 2 Administering immunizations is an example of illness prevention. Giving a bath is aesthetic (i. e., not needed for health promotion or disease prevention). Correct: Health promotion focuses on maintaining normal status without consideration of diseases. Performing diagnostic procedures focuses on disease detection.Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 3Who are Americas first two trained nurses? 2. 3. 4. 5. Barton and Wald Dock and Sanger Richards and Mahoney Henderson and Breckinridge

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 3 Barton established the American Red Cross. Wald founded public health nursing. Dock founded the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses of the U.S. and Canada. Sanger is the founder of Planned Parenthood. Correct: Linda Richards was Americas first trained nurse, and Mary Mahoney was Americas first black trained nurse. Henderson was one of the first modern nurses to define nursing. Breckinridge established the Frontier Nursing Service Copyright training and one of the first midwifery 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 4

A nurse with 2 to 3 years of experience who has the ability to coordinate multiple complex nursing care demands is at which stage of Benners states of nursing expertise? Advanced beginner Competent Proficient ExpertCopyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

6. 7. 8. 9.

Rationales 4 The advanced beginner demonstrates marginally acceptable performance. Correct. The proficient practitioner, has 3 to 5 years of experience and has developed a holistic understanding of the client. The expert practitioner, demonstrates highly skilled intuitive

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 5Which professional organization developed a code for nursing students? 4. 5. 6. 7. ANA NLN AACN NSNA

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 5 ANA, developed Standards of Nursing Practices. NLN focuses on nursing education. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), is the national organization that focuses on the advancement and maintenance of Americas baccalaureate- and higher degree nursing education programs Correct: The National Student Nurses Association developed the Code of Academic and Clinical Conduct for nursing students in 2001.Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 6

Which of the following social forces is most likely to significantly impact the future supply and demand for nurses? Aging Economics Science/technology TelecommunicationsCopyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

5. 6. 7. 8.

Rationales 6 Correct: The aging population contributes to more elders needing specialized care increasing the demand. Economics increases the demand for nursing care. Science and technology affects nursing practice. Telecommunications affects nursing practice and nursing care.

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Things to Consider

What is the definition of nursing?

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Recipients of Nursing Consumer Patient Client

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Scope of Nursing Practice Promotion of health and wellness Prevention of illness Restoration of health Care for the dying

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Nurse Practice Acts Common purpose Legal acts Regulate practice Jurisdiction specific

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Standards of Nursing Practice ANA: Standards of Professional Performance Specialty nursing organizations

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Roles and Functions of Nurses

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Roles and Functions of Nurses Caregiver Communicator Teacher Client and advocate Counselor Change agent Leader Manager Case manager Research consumer

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Expanded Career Roles Nurse practitioner Nurse administrator Clinical nurse specialist Nurse educator Nurse anesthetist Nurse midwife Nurse researcher

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Things to ConsiderWhat are the criteria of a profession?

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Criteria of a Profession Prolonged, specialized education Orientation toward service Ongoing research Code of ethics Autonomy Professional organization

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Benners Stages of Nursing ExpertiseStage V, Expert Stage IV, Proficient Stage III, Competent Stage II, Advanced beginner Stage I, Novice

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Critical Values of Nursing Code of ethics Standards Nurse practice acts NSNAs Code of Academic and Clinical Conduct

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Post TestWhich of the following women made significant contributions to the nursing care of soldiers during the Civil War? Select all that apply. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Harriet Tubman Florence Nightingale Fabiola Dorothea Dix Sojourner Truth

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 1 Correct: Harriet Tubman provided care and safety to slaves fleeing to the North on the Underground Railroad. Florence Nightingale contributed to the nursing care of soldiers in the Crimean War. Fabiola used her wealth to provide houses of caring and healing during the Roman empire Correct: Dorothea Dix was responsible for recruiting nurses and supervising the nursing care of all women nurses working in army hospitals. Correct: Sojourner Truth provided care and safety to slaves fleeing to the North on the Underground Railroad. Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 2Health promotion is best represented by which of the following activities? 3. 4. 5. 6. Administering immunizations Giving a bath Preventing injuries in the home Performing diagnostic procedures

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 2 Administering immunizations is an example of illness prevention. Giving a bath is aesthetic (i. e., not needed for health promotion or disease prevention). Correct: Health promotion focuses on maintaining normal status without consideration of diseases. Performing diagnostic procedures focuses on disease detection.Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 3Who are Americas first two trained nurses? 2. 3. 4. 5. Barton and Wald Dock and Sanger Richards and Mahoney Henderson and Breckinridge

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 3 Barton established the American Red Cross. Wald founded public health nursing. Dock founded the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses of the U.S. and Canada. Sanger is the founder of Planned Parenthood. Correct: Linda Richards was Americas first trained nurse, and Mary Mahoney was Americas first black trained nurse. Henderson was one of the first modern nurses to define nursing. Breckinridge established the Frontier Nursing Service Copyright training and one of the first midwifery 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 4

A nurse with 2 to 3 years of experience who has the ability to coordinate multiple complex nursing care demands is at which stage of Benners states of nursing expertise? Advanced beginner Competent Proficient ExpertCopyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

6. 7. 8. 9.

Rationales 4 The advanced beginner demonstrates marginally acceptable performance. Correct. The proficient practitioner, has 3 to 5 years of experience and has developed a holistic understanding of the client. The expert practitioner, demonstrates highly skilled intuitive

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 5Which professional organization developed a code for nursing students? 4. 5. 6. 7. ANA NLN AACN NSNA

Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Rationales 5 ANA, developed Standards of Nursing Practices. NLN focuses on nursing education. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), is the national organization that focuses on the advancement and maintenance of Americas baccalaureate- and higher degree nursing education programs Correct: The National Student Nurses Association developed the Code of Academic and Clinical Conduct for nursing students in 2001.Copyright 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Question 6

Which of the following social forces is most likely to si

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