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  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    Key Signatures

    • Key signatures tell you what sharps or

    flats that a piece has.

    • When you see a sharp/flat in the key

    signature, you will play those notes

    throughout the piece

    • This means, for example, if F♯ is in the

    key signature, you will play all Fs in the

    music as F♯

    • Key signatures always have their

    sharps and flats arranged in a special

    order.

    The order of the sharps:

    F# C# G# D# The order of the flats:

    B♭ E♭ A♭ D♭ Mnemonic:

    Fast Chickens Go Dancing

    Mnemonic:

    Bears Eat and Dance

    Let’s practice drawing key signatures in the treble, alto and bass clefs!

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    Keys • Music is based on a collection of high and low sounds

    • Sounds are organized into groups that are equally spaced apart called octaves.

    • Each octave contains 12 notes, exactly one semitone apart

    • Octaves repeat the same 12 notes, from the lowest possible sound to the

    highest possible sound

    • On the piano keyboard, we can see how each octave has the same 12 notes.

    • As you can notice in the picture above, the octave can start on any note and

    repeat as you move from low to high sounds.

    • The key of a piece tells us which notes in the octave we play, and which note our

    octave starts on.

    • The key signature of a piece tells us what key we are in.

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    • Relative keys have the same key signature Eg. G major and E minor have F# in the key signature

    • Parallel keys have the same tonic note Eg. G major and G minor have the same tonic.

    • Enharmonic keys sound the same.

    Eg. F# major and G major sound the same

    Let’s learn the key signatures of different keys. Practice

    drawing the key signatures for each line!

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    To summarize the key signatures, look at the following table of

    relative major and minor keys.

    # Major Minor  Major Minor 0 C A 0 C A

    1 G E 1 F D

    2 D B 2 B G 3 A F# 3 E C 4 E C# 4 A F

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    Write the following key signatures in the treble clef

    C maj D maj A maj E maj G maj F maj

    B flat maj E flat maj A flat maj D maj G maj E maj

    D maj A maj A min E maj E flat maj B flat maj

    C min D min A maj E min G min F min

    B min C min E maj D min G min E min

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    Write the following key signatures in the bass clef

    C maj D maj A maj E maj G maj F maj

    B flat maj E flat maj A flat maj D maj G maj E maj

    D maj A maj A min E maj E flat maj B flat maj

    C min D min A maj E min G min F min

    B min C min E maj D min G min E min

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    Write the following key signatures in the alto clef

    C maj D maj A maj E maj G maj F maj

    B flat maj E flat maj A flat maj D maj G maj E maj

    D maj A maj A min E maj E flat maj B flat maj

    C min D min A maj E min G min F min

    B min C min E maj D min G min E min

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

    Putting it all together! For the following melodies from the Pirates of the Caribbean suite:

    1. Add the correct time signature

    2. Add the key signature

    Hint 1: Remember that the key signature shows all the accidentals

    that a piece may have. E.g. piece with lots of F# C# G# and D# will

    likely have a key signature of 4 sharps

    Hint 2: Look at the time signature/rhythm signature sheet for help

    with the time signatures.

    Note: All the melodies have been modified for this worksheet.

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

  • ©Aydan Con (2020), for use by VYSO online theory learning

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