KEY CHALLENGES IN INDIA FOR ROOFTOP PV PROJECTS Nexus Energytech Pvt. Ltd. Arvind Karandikar 9011061710 arvind@nexusenergy.in

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KEY CHALLENGES IN INDIA FOR ROOFTOP PV PROJECTS Nexus Energytech Pvt. Ltd. Arvind Karandikar 9011061710 arvind@nexusenergy.in Slide 2 Types of Challenges 2 Development Permissions Avenues for Revenue Grid related Financing Identification of Partners Management Ownership Access for O&M Regular payment recovery Replacement costs Distributed installations Technology Small capacity inverters Certifications and standards for Indian conditions Service availability Slide 3 Stakeholders in rooftop grid connect projects 3 The Project Regulatory Commission Utility. Grid Owner Power Purchaser Financing Institute Developer / Investor EPC Contractor Government Department / Agency CEI & other Approvals Department Slide 4 Development challenges 4 Awareness of all stakeholders Utility worry about losing well-paying customers Uncertain policies and changing scenario Process and documentation for project development in various models Financial closure project financing Identification of roof owners Identification of suppliers, EPC, O&M Slide 5 Management challenges 25 years?? 5 Grid availability and quality LV level Financial strength of utilities or private clients Payment security mechanism Changes to roofs, locations own and neighbors Service manpower and spares Re-validation of different agreements Changes in consumer loads in net metering Emergency backup supply for buildings Slide 6 Technology challenges 6 Grid tied inverters certifications and standards Roof fixing techniques and availability Protection features Regular calibration of various equipment Timely replacement of components Recycling methods and setups for material Slide 7 Few Specifics Net Metering 7 Regulations are yet in draft stage Each SERC has to have own regulation for the state requires time Currently net metering attractive only for high tariff consumers needs additional incentives State-wise different connectivity specifications Low voltage grid strengthening necessary at many places Slide 8 Few Specifics Gross metering 8 Utilities unwilling / unable to provide FIT due to possibility of further reducing costs of solar energy Private customers (for third party sale) unwilling to have long term PPA Charges of transmission, wheeling, distribution and CSS are high, making solar energy more expensive Slide 9 Way forward 9 Rooftop PV Regulations Gross / Net metering Solar Import Duties Subsidies Finance options Renewables Long term policies Incentives RPO enforcement Slide 10 More actions 10 Capacity Development Developers and Investors Bankers Contractors Resource Mapping Weather Stations Accurate data of commissioned projects Holistic Sectoral Development Developers / Investors / Manufacturers Consumers / National benefits Energy conservation / efficiency / renewables Slide 11 THANK YOU .. Arvind Karandikar arvind@nexusenergy.in 11