Karen Barad Material Discurse

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<ul><li><p>Karen Barad 1</p><p>Karen Barad</p><p>Karen BaradBorn April, 1956</p><p>Occupation professor, theoretical physicist, feminist theorist</p><p>Karen Michelle Barad (born April, 1956) is an American feminist theorist best known for her theory of AgentialRealism. She is currently Professor of Feminist Studies, Philosophy, and History of Consciousness at the Universityof California, Santa Cruz.[1] She is the author of Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and theEntanglement of Matter and Meaning.[2][3] Her research topics include feminist theory, physics, twentieth-centurycontinental philosophy, epistemology, ontology, philosophy of physics, cultural studies of science, and feministscience studies.[4]</p><p>Barad earned her doctorate in theoretical physics at Stony Brook University. Her dissertation presentedcomputational methods for quantifying properties of fermions and quarks in the framework of lattice gauge theory.</p><p>Agential RealismAccording to Barad's theory of agential realism, the world is made up of phenomena, which are "the ontologicalinseparability of intra-acting agencies". Intra-action, a neologism introduced by Barad, signals an importantchallenge to individualist metaphysics. For Barad, things or objects do not precede their interaction, rather, 'objects'emerge through particular intra-actions. Thus, apparatuses, which produce phenomena are not assemblages ofhumans and nonhumans (as in actor-network theory), rather they are the condition of possibility of 'humans' and'non-humans', not merely as ideational concepts, but in their materiality. Apparatuses are 'material-discursive' in thatthey produce determinate meanings and material beings while simultaneously excluding the production of others.What it means to matter is therefore always material-discursive. Barad takes her inspiration from physicist NielsBohr, one of the founders of quantum physics. Barad's agential realism is at once an epistemology (theory ofknowing), an ontology (theory of being), and an ethics. Barad coins the term onto-epistemology. Because specificpractices of mattering have ethical consequences, excluding other kinds of mattering, onto-epistemological practicesare always in turn onto-ethico-epistemological.Much of Barad's scholarly work has revolved around her concept of "agential realism," and her theories holdimportance for many academic fields, including science studies, STS (Science, Technology, and Society), feministtechnoscience, philosophy of science, feminist theory, and, of course, physics. In addition to Bohr, her work draws agreat deal on the works of Michel Foucault and Judith Butler, as demonstrated in her influential article in thefeminist journal differences, "Getting Real: Technoscientific Practices and the Materialization of Reality." Barad'straining is actually in theoretical physics, and her 2007 book, Meeting the Universe Halfway, includes a chapter thatcontains an original discovery in theoretical physics, which is largely unheard of in books that are usuallycategorized as 'gender studies' or 'cultural theory' books. In this book, Barad also argues that 'agential realism,' isuseful to the analysis of literature, social inequalities, and many other things. This claim is based on the fact thatBarad's agential realism is a way of understanding the politics, ethics, and agencies of any act of observation, andindeed any kind of knowledge practice. According to Barad, the deeply connected way that everything is entangledwith everything else means that any act of observation makes a "cut" between what is included and excluded fromwhat is being considered. Nothing is inherently separate from anything else, but separations are temporarily enactedso one can examine something long enough to gain knowledge about it. This view of knowledge provides aframework for thinking about how culture and habits of thought can make some things visible and other things easierto ignore or to never see. For this reason, according to Barad, agential realism is useful for any kind of feministanalysis, even if the connection to science is not apparent.</p></li><li><p>Karen Barad 2</p><p>Barad's framework makes several other arguments, and some of them are part of larger trends in fields such asscience studies and feminist technoscience (all can be found in her 2007 book, Meeting the Universe Halfway): She defines agency as a relationship and not as something that one "has." The scientist is always part of the apparatus, and one needs to understand that in order to make scientific work</p><p>more accurate and more rigorous. This differs from the view that political critiques of science seek to underminethe credibility of science; instead, Barad argues that this kind of critique actually makes for better, more crediblescience.</p><p> She argues that politics and ethical issues are always part of scientific work, and only are made to seem separateby specific historical circumstances that encourage people to fail to see those connections. She uses the exampleof the ethics of developing nuclear weapons to argue this point, by claiming that the ethics and politics are part ofhow such weapons were developed and understood, and therefore part of science, and not merely of the"philosophy of science" or the "ethics of science." This differs from the usual view that one can strive for apolitics-free, bias-less science.</p><p> Nevertheless, she argues against moral relativism, which, according to Barad, uses science's "human" aspects asan excuse to treat all knowledge, and all ethical frameworks, as equally false. She uses Michael Frayn's play,Copenhagen, as an example of the kind of moral relativism that she finds problematic.</p><p> She also rejects the idea that science is "only" a language game or set of fictions produced only by humanconstructions and concepts. Although the scientist is part of the "intra-action" of the experiment, humans (andtheir cultural constructs) do not have complete control over everything that happens. Barad expresses this point bysaying, in Getting Real, that although scientists shape knowledge about the universe, you can't ignore the way theuniverse "kicks back."</p><p>These points on science, agency, ethics, and knowledge reveal that Barad's work is similar to the projects of otherscience studies scholars such as Bruno Latour, Donna Haraway, Andrew Pickering, and Evelyn Fox Keller.Karen Barad is currently at the University of California Santa Cruz. According to her University web page, "KarenBarad is Professor of Feminist Studies, Philosophy, and History of Consciousness at the University of California atSanta Cruz. Her Ph.D. is in theoretical particle physics. She held a tenured appointment in a physics departmentbefore moving into more interdisciplinary spaces. She is the author of Meeting the Universe Halfway: QuantumPhysics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning (Duke University Press, 2007) and numerous articles in thefields of physics, philosophy, science studies, poststructuralist theory, and feminist theory. Her research has beensupported by the National Science Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Hughes Foundation, the Irvine Foundation,the Mellon Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. She is the Co-Director of the Science &amp;Justice Graduate Training Program at UCSC."</p><p>Publications</p></li><li><p>Karen Barad 3</p><p>Library resources aboutKaren Barad</p><p> Resources in your library [5]</p><p> Resources in other libraries [6]</p><p>By Karen Barad</p><p> Online books [7]</p><p> Resources in your library [8]</p><p> Resources in other libraries [9]</p><p> (de) "Diffraktionen: Differenzen, Kontingenzen und Verschrnkungen von Gewicht," in Corinna Bath, HannaMeiner, Stephan Trinkhaus, Susanne Vlker (Eds.), Geschlechter Interferenzen: Wissensformen -Subjektivierungsweisen - Materialisierungen. Berlin/ Mnster: Lit, 2013, S. 27-68. ISBN 978-3-643-10904-0</p><p> (de) Agentieller Realismus. ber die Bedeutung materiell-diskursiver Praktiken. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2012. EditionUnseld, Band 45. ISBN 978-3-518-26045-6</p><p> (en/de) What is the Measure of Nothingness? Infinity, Virtuality, Justice / Was ist das Ma des Nichts?Unendlichkeit, Virtualitt, Gerechtigkeit, Book N099 of dOCUMENTA (13): 100 Notes 100 Thoughts / 100Notizen 100 Gedanken, Hatje Cantz Verlag, 2012, 36p. ISBN 3-7757-2949-6. ISBN 3-7757-3129-6. ISBN978-3-7757-3129-4</p><p> (en) "On Touching - The Inhuman That Therefore I Am," in differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies,2012, 23(3): 206-223.</p><p> (en) "Nature's Queer Performativity" [10] [the authorized version], in: Kvinder, Kn og forskning/ Women, Genderand Research [11], Copenhagen, No. 1-2 (2012) Feminist Materialisms [12], pp. 25-53. pdf [10]</p><p> (en) "Quantum Entanglements and Hauntological relations of Inheritance: Dis/continuities, SpaceTimeEnfoldings, and Justice-to-Come" (published in Derrida Today, Nov 2010, Vol. 3, No. 2, 240-268.)</p><p> (en) "Queer Causation and the Ethics of Mattering, in Queering the Non/Human, edited by Noreen Giffney andMyra J. Hird. Ashgate Press (Queer Interventions Book Series), 2008.</p><p> (en) "Schrdingers Cat, in Bits of Life: Feminism and the New Cultures of Media and Technoscience, edited byAnneke Smelik and Nina Lykke. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2008.</p><p> Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning", DukeUniversity Press, 2007</p><p> "Posthumanist Performativity: How Matter Comes to Matter" (originally published in Signs in 2003, reprinted invarious anthologies)</p><p> "Getting Real: Technoscientific Practices and the Materialization of Reality (published in differences in 1998) "Re(con)figuring Space, Time, and Matter," in Feminist Locations (2001) "Reconceiving Scientific Literacy as Agential Literacy, or Learning How to Intra-act Responsibly Within the</p><p>World," in Doing Culture + Science, edited by Roddey Reid and Sharon Traweek (2000) "Agential Realism: Feminist Interventions in Understanding Scientific Practices," in The Science Studies Reader,</p><p>edited by Mario Biagioli (1998) "Meeting the Universe Halfway: Realism and Social Constructivism Without Contradiction," in Feminism,</p><p>Science, and the Philosophy of Science, edited by Lynn Hankinson Nelson and Jack Nelson (1996)</p></li><li><p>Karen Barad 4</p><p>References[1] UC Santa Cruz - Feminist Studies (http:/ / feministstudies. ucsc. edu/ faculty/ singleton. php?&amp; singleton=true&amp; cruz_id=kbarad)[2] Books at Duke University Press (http:/ / www. dukeupress. edu/ books. php3?isbn=978-0-8223-3917-5)[3] Palcom: Matterealities (http:/ / www. ist-palcom. org/ activities/ matterealities/ )[4] http:/ / unjobs. org/ authors/ karen-barad[5] http:/ / tools. wmflabs. org/ ftl/ cgi-bin/ ftl?st=viaf&amp; su=18822822[6] http:/ / tools. wmflabs. org/ ftl/ cgi-bin/ ftl?st=viaf&amp; su=18822822&amp; library=0CHOOSE0[7] http:/ / tools. wmflabs. org/ ftl/ cgi-bin/ ftl?at=viaf&amp; au=18822822&amp; library=OLBP[8] http:/ / tools. wmflabs. org/ ftl/ cgi-bin/ ftl?at=viaf&amp; au=18822822[9] http:/ / tools. wmflabs. org/ ftl/ cgi-bin/ ftl?at=viaf&amp; au=18822822&amp; library=0CHOOSE0[10] https:/ / tidsskrift. dk/ index. php/ KKF/ article/ download/ 51863/ 95446[11] https:/ / tidsskrift. dk/ index. php/ KKF/ index[12] https:/ / tidsskrift. dk/ index. php/ KKF/ issue/ view/ 2118/ showToc</p><p>External links Karen Barad's UCSC web page (http:/ / feministstudies. ucsc. edu/ faculty/ singleton. php?&amp; singleton=true&amp;</p><p>cruz_id=kbarad) Joseph Rouse's discussion of her agential realism, available on MUSE (http:/ / muse. jhu. edu/ login?uri=/</p><p>journals/ hypatia/ v019/ 19. 1rouse. pdf) Review of Getting Real at the Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research (http:/ / www. tandfonline. com/</p><p>doi/ abs/ 10. 1080/ 08038741003627062)</p></li><li><p>Article Sources and Contributors 5</p><p>Article Sources and ContributorsKaren Barad Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=589037309 Contributors: Alitehrani, Amor amor, And we drown, ArielGold, Billions&amp;billions, Brad7777, Cander0000,Chastah, Environnement2100, Glaukopis, Gregbard, Handsmear, Humanitieswriter2222, Hweyl, Inf5011 2, Jaccochrysler, John of Reading, Liz, Malten, Mary Mark Ockerbloom,MathewTownsend, Morgansutherland, Omnipaedista, Pipifaxa, ProfGiles, Robofish, Scoutcalvert, Timrollpickering, Voyager640, Waacstats, 6 anonymous edits</p><p>LicenseCreative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0//creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/</p></li><li><p>Reflections From Karen Barads Keynote Address Posted on February 17, 2013 I spent (a portion of) Valentines Day with Karen Barad. I was fortunate enough to attend Mattering: Feminism, Science, and Materialism, a two-day conference that took place at the CUNY Graduate Center this past week. Karen Barad delivered the keynote address at the conference, and the panels at the conference spoke to and were inspired/influenced/complicated by Barads work. Given that my own research is diffracted through material feminist thought and Barads agential realism in particular, Mattering was an ideal experience for me in that it provided me first-hand access to Barad and an interdisciplinary mix of scholars drawing from her work. </p><p>Before I continue with some reflections on her keynote address, I want to share that Barad attended panels at this conference in addition to delivering her keynote. Seeing her in the audience at panels, taking notes and asking questions of the presenters, was quite an experience for meKaren Barad as co-learner. It was after one of the panels that I first met and conversed with her in person. </p><p>Barads keynote address was a multimodal, abbreviated version of her article, Quantum Entanglements and Hauntological Relations of Inheritance: Dis/continuities, SpaceTime Enfoldings, and Justice-to-Come. She opened with the concern that she had inadvertently given readers permission to not read chapter seven of Meeting the Universe Halfway. Though she didnt elaborate, Im guessing this permission came from her encouragement in the introduction of the book that less scientifically inclined readers, or readers who may think of themselves as not very interested in the details of the philosophical issues in quantum physics at least give a cursory reading to chapter seven (Meeting 37-38). Chapter seven, Quantum Entanglements: Experimental Metaphysics and the Nature of Nature, is a lengthy (just over 100 pages), physics-heavy chapter in which Barad, through examples and discussion of physics experiments, essentially establishes a quantum framework for a relational ontology. So in part, her keynote was a physics lesson, and I have to say, a physics lesson from Karen Barad is an intense, stimulating, and surprisingly unintimidating experienceeven for someone like me who did read chapter seven, about seven times actually. </p><p>While much of the keynote was review for me, because I had read the quantum entanglements article and chapter seven of Meeting the Universe Halfway, I was not in the least disappointed. Reading Barads ideas are one thing, but watching her perform those ideas was something else entirely. She immediately starting making connections between science and politics, science and justice, and science and ethics and stated that sci...</p></li></ul>


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