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Article presented at the EVA Florence Conference: http://www.evaflorence.it/home.php (21-23.4.2010)Judaica Europeana: Semantic Web tools for expressing the contribution of Jews to European Cities in the European Digital Library – Europeana – Dov Winer


  • 1. Judaica Europeana: Semantic Web tools for expressing Jewish contribution to European Cities in EuropeanaEVA Florence, April 2010www.judaica-europeana.euDov WinerEuropean Association for Jewish CultureScientific Manager, Judaica Europeana

2. Europeana the visionEuropes digital libraries, A digital library that is a single, archives and museumsdirect and multilingual access point onlineto the European cultural heritage. European Parliament, 27 September 2007 A showcase for Europes A unique resource for Europe'scultural and scientificdistributed cultural heritage heritage ensuring a common access to A flagship project of the Europe's libraries, archives and museums.European Commission and Horst Forster, Director, Digital Content &the European Parliament. Cognitive Systems Information Society Directorate, European Commission 3. Europeana - A vision for 2011 A common multilingual access point aggregator, distributor and facilitator that would make it possible to catalyse and search innovate and generate revenue from Europes distributed that is to say, held in different places by different organisations digital cultural heritage online. European Union Communiqu August 2010 European Union Communiqu August 2010 Aggregator DistributorCatalystInnovatorFacilitatorRevenue generator InnovatorFacilitator 4. Europeana Group of Projects Biodiversity HeritageLibraries EuropePrestoJudaicaEuropeana ArrowPrimeEuropeanaLocal Europeana v.1.0Musical Inst.European MuseumsFilm EuropeanaGateway Online EuropeanaEuropeanaConnectEUScreen TravelAPEnetAthenaThe European Library 5. Judaica Europeanadocuments the Jewish contribution to Europes cultural heritage on the theme of cities 6. Judaica Europeana Reply to the eContentPlus 2008 call for contributions to EUROPEANA The European Digital Library 24 months project - 3 million with 50% contribution of the European Commission Contribution of content on the Europeana theme of CITY: cities of the future/past - migration and diasporas - trade and industry - design, shopping and urban cool - the route to urban health - archaeology and architecture - utopias - riot and disorder - palaces and politics Other themes in the Call:Social life - Music - Crime and Punishment - Travel & tourism 7. PartnersCoordinatorHungarian Jewish Archive 8. Extending the networkThe following expressed their interest in joining Judaica Europeana: National Library of Israel, Jerusalem Center for Jewish History, New York Jewish Historical Museum, Amsterdam Jewish Museum Berlin Galicia Jewish Museum, Krakow London Metropolitan Archive Aberdeen University Library Institute for Jewish Policy Research, London Travelling trunk brought by a German refugee family to England in May 1939, Mdler Koffer, c.1930, Germany. The Jewish Museum London 9. JUDAICA Europeana goals Document Jewish expression in Europe. Support content holders in identifying content that reflect the Jewish impact on European cities Digitise and aggregate this content. Synchronize standards, metadata and vocabularies, with Europeana interoperability requirements Deploy knowledge management tools to support communities of practice index, retrieve and re-use content pertinent to their areas of interest Support employment of content in scholarship; university teaching; museum curatorship; cultural tourism; plastic arts, music and multimedia; formal and informal education 10. Jewish contribution to European citiesUrbanisation and occupational specialisation has led to the identification of Jews with specific streets, neighbourhoods and other urban phenomena. The J-Street Project by Susan Heller. Compton Verney Trust and the DAAD, Berlin, 2005. A book, installation and video produced with the support of the European Association for Jewish Culture. 11. Jews in European Cities kinds of contentKnown celebrities full individual expression Jewish expressions in the urban landscape Core of Jewish Life 12. Jews in European Cities 13. Jews and the City Prof. Steven Zipperstein points to the anti-urban bias of most of the Jewish historiography and how this began to change at the end of the 20th Century Zipperstein, S. (1987). Jewish Historiography and the Modern City. Jewish History V2 , pp.77-88The Jewish Century by Yuri Slezkine (2004): Modernization is about everyone becoming urban, mobile, literate, articulate, intellectually intricate, physically fastidious, and occupationally flexible. It is about learning how to cultivate people and symbols, not fields and herds. It is about pursuing wealth for the sake of learning, learning for the sake of wealth, and both wealth and learning for their own sake. It is about transforming peasants and princes into merchants and priests, replacing inherited privilege with acquired prestige, and dismantling social estates for the benefit of individuals, nuclear families, and book-reading tribes (nations). Modernization, in other words, is about everyone becoming Jewish. (Slezkine, 2004). Yuri Slezkine, The Jewish Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004. For the first chapter seehttp://press.princeton.edu/chapters/s7819.html 14. Digitise, aggregate, metadata & vocabularies EUROPEANA will be integral part of the Web of Knowledge Linked Data the RDF Web, Web as a database Building units: URIs (Uniform Resource Identifiers)in RDF (Resource Description Framework) triplets: Subject, Predicate, Object Vocabularies as Hubs in the Web of Knowledge:SKOS Simple Knowledge Organisation System 15. The Web of Data First,the Web will get better and better at helping us to manage, integrate, and analyze data. Today, the Web is quite effective at helping us to publish and discover documents, but the individual information elements within those documents ... cannot be handled directly as data. 16. The Web of Data Today you can see the data with your browser, but can't get other computer programs to manipulate or analyze it without going through a lot of manual effort yourself. As this problem is solved, we can expect that Web as a whole to look more like a large database or spreadsheet, rather than just a set of linked documents. 17. The Web of DataThose data can be published in the Web... ...linked with other data in the Web... ...shared between software applications... 18. http://linkeddata.org/ 19. The Web of Knowledge Publish KOS (Knowledge Organisation Systems) as linked data in the Web Make their concepts and their interconnections part ofthe Web of data Why? How? (SKOS...) 20. KOS e.g. LCSH (Library of Congress Subject Headings) Can be viewed as a network of interconnected concepts Represent LCSH as data in the Web Make those concepts and their interconnections part ofthe Web 22 http://purl.org/net/aliman 21. SKOS Resource Types (Classes) skos:Concept E.g. LCSH concept of US Presidents skos:ConceptScheme E.g. LCSH itself 22. SKOS Link Types (Properties) For labeling concepts skos:prefLabel, skos:altLabel, skos:hiddenLabel For documenting concepts skos:note, skos:scopeNote, skos:definition,skos:editorialNote... For linking concepts skos:broader, skos:narrower, skos:related 23. SKOS Simple Knowledge ORGANIZATION SYSTEM thesauri, classifications, subjects, taxonomies, folksonomies, controlled vocabulary concepts are documented, linked, merged with other data, composed, integrated and published on the Web CONCEPTSidentified by URIs using RDF triples :natural language expressions to refer toconceptsskos: prefLabel [descriptor]skos: altLabel[synonims, acronyms, abbreviations] SEMANTIC RELATIONSHIPSbroader and narrower conceptsbroader/narrower relationships assert that a conceptis broader/narrower in meaningrelatedconcepts somehow related SCHEMEScompiled sets of concepts: ConceptScheme class and inSchemerelationship to link a concept to a schemehasTopConcept relationship for the entry points of narrower/broader hierarchyLINK schemesmap concepts from different schemes using the properties exactMatch, broadMatch, narrowMatch and relatedMatch June 10dov.winer@gmail.com 24. SKOS APPLICATIONSI want to send my thesaurus/subject heading/taxonomy from onedatabase/application to anotherI want to publish my thesaurus/taxonomy in an electronic form, sothat it can become part of a distributed informationnetwork/environmentThe Web values quality and openness (e.g. Wikipedia) KOS are high quality resources [both the concepts and the links]KOS are natural hubsattractorshigh gravityattract linksact as firm foundation for a Web of dataLinks are paths to discovery (of documents, data,); they can beexploited in useful and surprising ways (serendipity); wellestablished KOS e.g. LCSH (Library of Congress Subject Headings,MeSH (Medical Subject Headings, AAT (Art and ArchitectureThesaurus) can be hubs in the Web of linked dataJune 10 dov.winer@gmail.com 25. Jewish gazetteers 26. http://id.loc.gov/authorities/search/ 27. The benefits Judaica Europeana will bring Europeana will expose content providers metadata to searchengines, making deep web content accessible. Europeana will soon be able to provide a set of APIs (applicationprogramming interfaces) through which the content of Europeana maybe re-used by Europeana partners and integrated for display in their ownonline platforms. Knowledge transfer: Europeana works with digital library experts fromacross Europe and America. They are leading thinkers and practitionersin the fields of metadata standards, multilinguality, semantic web,information architecture, usability, geolocation, object modelling and othertopics. 28. Deploy Knowledge Management Tools 29. Deploy Knowledge Management Tools European Science Foundation COST A32 Action Open Scholarly Communities in the Web 30. Employment of Content Support employment of content in scholarship; university teaching; museum curatorship; cultural tourism; plastic arts, music and multimedia; formal and i