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  • 171

    Chapter

    jQuery Mobile API All well-written frameworks allow developers to extend and override default

    configuration settings. Additionally, they provide convenience methods to help simplify

    your code. jQuery Mobile includes a fairly extensive API that exposes each of these

    convenient features. First, we will look at how to configure jQuery Mobile. We will review

    each configurable feature within jQuery Mobile, highlight its default setting, and show

    how the API allows you to configure each option. Then, we will explore the most popular

    methods, page events, and properties that jQuery Mobile exposes. These API features

    are useful when you need to programmatically update your Mobile Web applications.

    Lastly, we will review a sorted table listing of all jQuery Mobile data attributes. For each

    attribute, we will include a brief description, example, and figure of its enhanced

    component.

    Configuring jQuery Mobile When jQuery Mobile initializes, it triggers a mobileinit event on the document object. You can bind to the mobileinit event and apply overrides to jQuery Mobiles ($.mobile) default configuration settings. In addition, you can extend jQuery Mobile with additional

    behavior and properties. For instance, there are two ways to configure jQuery Mobile as

    shown in the examples below. You can either override the properties via jQuerys extend method or individually.

    Examples:

    // Configure properties via jQuery's extend method $( document ).bind( "mobileinit", function(){ $.extend( $.mobile, { // Override loading message loadingMessage: "Loading...", // Override default transition from slide to pop defaultTransition: "pop" }); });

    8

    B. Broulik, Pro jQuery Mobile Brad Broulik 2011

  • CHAPTER 8: jQuery Mobile API 172

    // Configure properties individually $( document ).bind( "mobileinit", function(){ $.mobile.loadingMessage = "Initializing"; $.mobile.defaultTransition = "slideup"; });

    Custom Script Placement Since mobileinit gets triggered immediately upon execution of jQuery Mobile, you need to place your custom script before the jQuery Mobile JavaScript file.

    Example:

    Configurable jQuery Mobile Options The following are configurable $.mobile options you may override within your custom JavaScript.

    activeBtnClass(string, default: "ui-btnactive")

    The CSS class used to identify and style the "active" button. This CSS attribute

    is commonly used to style and identify the active button in a tab bar.

    activePageClass(string, default: "ui-page-active")

    The CSS class assigned to the page or dialog that is currently visible and active.

    For instance, when multiple pages are loaded in the DOM the active page will

    have this CSS attribute applied.

    ajaxEnabled(boolean, default: true)

    Dynamically load pages via Ajax when possible. Ajax loading is on by default for

    all pages except external URLs, or links that are marked with a rel="external" or target="_blank" attribute. If Ajax is disabled, page links will be loaded with regular HTTP requests without CSS transitions.

    allowCrossDomainPages(boolean, default: false)

    When developing with PhoneGap, it is recommended to set this

    configuration option to true. This allows jQuery Mobile to manage the

    page loading logic of cross-domain requests in PhoneGap.

  • CHAPTER 8: jQuery Mobile API 173

    autoInitializePage(boolean, default: true)

    For advanced developers that want total control of the initialization

    sequence of a page, you may set this config option to false, which disables auto-initialization of all page components. This allows

    developers to manually enhance each control on demand.

    defaultDialogTransition(string, default: "pop")

    The default transition to use when transitioning to a dialog. You may

    set the transition to "none" for no transition.

    defaultPageTransition(string, default: "slide")

    The default transition to use when transitioning to a page. You may set

    the transition to "none" for no transition.

    gradeA(function that returns a boolean, default: browser must support

    media queries or support IE 7+);

    jQuery Mobile will call this method to determine if the framework will

    apply dynamic CSS page enhancements. By default, the method will

    apply enhancements for all browsers that support media queries;

    however, jQuery Mobile will only enhance pages for grade-A browsers.

    IE 7 and above are included as grade-A browsers and their displays

    will be enhanced too For instance, this is the current function for

    $.mobile.gradeA:

    $.mobile.gradeA: function(){ return $.support.mediaquery || $.mobile.browser.ie && $.mobile.browser.ie >= 7; }

    hashListeningEnabled(boolean, default: true)

    Automatically load and show pages based on location.hash. jQuery Mobile listens for location.hash changes to load internal pages within the DOM. You can disable this and handle the hash changes manually or disable this option to

    access an anchors bookmark as a deep link.

    loadingMessage(string, default: "loading")

    Sets the loading message to appear during Ajax-based requests. Additionally,

    you can assign a false (boolean) to disable the message. Also, if you want to update the loading message at runtime on a per-page basis you can update it

    within your page.

  • CHAPTER 8: jQuery Mobile API 174

    Example:

    // Update loading message $.mobile.loadingMessage = "My custom message!"; // Show loading message $.mobile.showPageLoadingMsg();

    minScrollBack(string, default: 250)

    Sets the minimum scroll distance that will be remembered when returning to a

    page. When returning to a page, the framework will automatically scroll to the

    position or link that launched the transition when the scroll position of that link is

    beyond the minScrollBack setting. By default, the scroll threshold is 250 pixels. If you want to eliminate the minimum setting so the framework always scrolls

    regardless of the scroll position, set this value to "0". If you want to disable this feature, set the value to "infinity".

    nonHistorySelectors(string, default: "dialog")

    You can specify which page components to exclude from the browser's history

    stack. By default, any link with data-rel="dialog" or any page with data-role="dialog" will not appear in history. Furthermore, these non-history selector components will not have their URL updated when navigating to their page and

    as a result they will not be bookmarkable.

    ns(string, default: "")

    The namespace for custom data-* attributes within jQuery Mobile. Data

    attributes are a new feature within HTML5. For instance, "data-role" is the default namespace for the role attribute. If you wanted to override the default namespace globally you would override the $.mobile.ns option.

    Example:

    // Set a custom namespace $.mobile.ns = "jqm-";

    As a result, all of your jQuery Mobile data-* attributes will require the prefix

    "data-jqm-". For instance, the "data-role" attribute now becomes "data-jqm-role".

  • CHAPTER 8: jQuery Mobile API 175

    IMPORTANT: If you update the default namespace you will need to update one CSS selector found within the jQuery Mobile CSS file:

    // Original CSS for default namespace:

    .ui-mobile [data-role=page],

    .ui-mobile [data-role=dialog],

    .ui-page {..}

    // Updated CSS for the new namespace "jqm-":

    .ui-mobile [data-jqm-role=page],

    .ui-mobile [data-jqm-role=dialog],

    .ui-page {..}

    Why override the default namespace?

    First off, if you are designing a JavaScript framework that includes HTML5

    data-* attributes, the W3C recommends that you include a hook to allow the

    developers to customize namespaces to avoid collisions with third party

    frameworks. And anytime you encounter a namespace collision with another

    third-party framework you will need to change your default namespace.

    page.prototype.options.addBackBtn(boolean, default: false)"

    If you want the back button to appear across your application, set this

    option to true. The back button within jQuery Mobile is a smart widget. It will only appear when there is a page in the history stack to

    go back to.

    Example:

    $.mobile.page.prototype.options.addBackBtn = true;

    page.prototype.options.keepNative(string, default:

    :jqmData(role='none'),:jqmData(role='nojs')"

    If you want to prevent auto-initialization without adding data-role=none to your markup, you can customize the keepNative selector that is used for preventing auto-initialization. For instance, to

    prevent the framework from initializing all select and input elements we

    can update this selector.

    Example:

    $.mobile.page.prototype.options.keepNative = "select, input";

    pageLoadErrorMessage(string, default: "Error Loading Page")

    The error response message that appears when an Ajax page request fails to

    load.

  • CHAPTER 8: jQuery Mobile API 176

    subPageUrlKey(string, default: "ui-page")

    The URL parameter used for referencing widget-generated sub-pages.

    An example of a sub-page URL would appear as "nested-list.html&ui-page=Movies-3". A nested list view is a particular widget which segments each list into individual sub-pages. For example, the URL

    shown previously has a "Movies" sub-list that jQuery Mobile

    transformed into its own subpage to