Joint Software Engineering to support STEM Education: Experiences before, during and after a Children's University

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  • D. Monett

    The future?

    Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Joint Software Engineering

    to support STEM EducationExperiences before, during and after a Childrens University

    Talk at the Global Conference on Learning and Technology The Local Global Conference

    Global Learn 2015

    Dagmar Monett, Josephine Greifenberg, Anne Krautz,

    Maximilian Sthr, Rico Ulbricht

    dagmar@monettdiaz.com

    monettdiaz

  • D. Monett

    Our motivation

    3Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    How do children actively participate in the

    software development cycle in academic settings

    by testing software that is being produced by

    undergraduate students (e.g. as end users

    conducting acceptance tests) and by enriching

    the requirements engineering process for

    further course project developments tailored to

    them (as real customers defining new or changing

    requirements)?

  • D. Monett

    Our motivation

    4Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    How do children actively participate in the software development cycle in academic settings

    by testing software that is being produced by undergraduate students (e.g. as end users

    conducting acceptance tests) and by enriching

    the requirements engineering process for further course project developments tailored to

    them (as real customers defining new or changing

    requirements)?

  • D. Monett 5Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Topics

  • D. Monett

    Topics

    6Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Some initiatives:

    Global: CS, STEM, Childrens Universities

    Local: The Childrens University 2013

    The joint Software Engineering experience:

    STEM with Agile

    Local: The Childrens University 2014

    Test stations

    Test evaluation criteria

    Results. Discussion

    Lessons learned and Conclusions

  • D. Monett 7Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Some initiatives

    Global

  • D. Monett

    Computer Science

    8Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Hour of Code http://code.org

    Every student in every school should have the opportunity

    to learn computer science.

    (110+ million participants as at April 15, 2015)

    Screenshot from http://studio.code.org/hoc/1

  • D. Monett

    STEM

    9Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Science, Technology, Engineering, and

    Mathematics

    In German: MINT

    Creating a future for STEM

    - Reducing the existing STEM gap in Germany

    Logo https://www.mintzukunftschaffen.de/

  • D. Monett

    Childrens Universities

    10Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Professors give lectures to children

    First in UK: Birmingham, 1993

    First in Germany: Tbingen, 2002

    First at the Kiefholz primary school in Treptow,

    Berlin: 2007

    Today: Hundreds of thousands of children

    participating across Germany.

  • D. Monett 11Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Experiences from the

    Childrens University 2013 Local

  • D. Monett

    At the school

    12Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Look at the

    female vs. male

    body language

    - Is technophobia (fear/dislike of technology)

    by female an issue?

    - Dominant male exposure?

  • D. Monett

    Engagement depends on the

    activity and on the instructor

    13Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • D. Monett 14Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    The Joint

    Software Engineering Experience

  • D. Monett 15Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    STEM with Agile

  • D. Monett

    Agile course: 2013

    16Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Agile practices and methods in block course

    Multidisciplinary Lab, 3rd Sem. Computer Science

    44 Semester Credit Hours (1 SCH = 45 Min. of

    teaching time)

    Soft and hard skills on Agile and beyond

    Student-centered learning, Service learning

    Project-based learning, coaching sections

    11 teams of undergraduate students ( 4)

    Topic: Sudoku program for children

  • D. Monett

    Agile course: 2013

    17Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Agile practices and methods in block course

    Multidisciplinary Lab, 3rd Sem. Computer Science

    44 Semester Credit Hours (1 SCH = 45 Min. of

    teaching time)

    Soft and hard skills on Agile and beyond

    Student-centered learning, Service learning

    Project-based learning, coaching sections

    11 teams of undergraduate students ( 4)

    Topic: Sudoku program for children

  • D. Monett

    App: 2013-14

    18Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Sudoku version for mobile devices (Android)

    Undergraduate student research project

    4 undergraduate students from former Agile

    course

    Exhaustive evaluation of all 11 programs

    Baseline for mobile app

    Support at the Childrens University, June 2014

  • D. Monett 19Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    The Childrens University 2014 Local

  • D. Monett

    At the school

    20Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    - All children together

    - Cultural activity at the

    beginning

  • D. Monett

    We test software programs!

    21Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    14 children aged between 8 and 10

    2 female, 12 male

    At the university! (PC-Lab, BSEL)

    Duration: 2-3 hours

    Session:

    Introduction: Differences Hardware/Software

    Hardware: PC parts and components

    Software: Testing the Sudoku programs

  • D. Monett

    At the university

    22Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    No technophobia at all! Children engagement depends on the activity and on the instructor!

  • D. Monett 23Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Test stations

  • D. Monett

    Test stations

    24Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Images http://www.iconsmind.com and http://icons8.com

    11x 1x

    +

  • D. Monett

    Distribution of resources

    25Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Images http://www.iconsmind.com and http://icons8.com

    Desktop PC Tablet Support Materials

  • D. Monett 26Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Qualitative evaluations

  • D. Monett

    Test evaluation criteria

    27Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Id. Desktop questionnaire Id. Mobile app questionnaire

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    C5

    C6

    C7

    C8

    The mascot is attractive.

    The color scheme is

    attractive.

    I understand the text and the

    help.

    Solving tasks is easy.

    The program runs without

    errors.

    The program is easy to use.

    I was able to change the

    colors.

    I like the program very much.

    Q1

    Q2

    Q3

    Q4

    Q5

    Q6

    How do you like the Sudoku

    app?

    How do you like the colors?

    How do you like the

    mascot?

    Is the font size big enough?

    Were there any errors in the

    app?

    Was the Sudoku too easy?

    Rated with stars (up to 5 stars) Rated with smileys (, , )

  • D. Monett

    Test evaluation criteria

    28Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Id. Desktop questionnaire Id. Mobile app questionnaire

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    C5

    C6

    C7

    C8

    The mascot is attractive.

    The color scheme is

    attractive.

    I understand the text and the

    help.

    Solving tasks is easy.

    The program runs without

    errors.

    The program is easy to use.

    I was able to change the

    colors.

    I like the program very much.

    Q1

    Q2

    Q3

    Q4

    Q5

    Q6

    How do you like the Sudoku

    app?

    How do you like the colors?

    How do you like the

    mascot?

    Is the font size big enough?

    Were there any errors in the

    app?

    Was the Sudoku too easy?

    Rated with stars (up to 5 stars) Rated with smileys (, , )

  • D. Monett

    11x Sudoku: desktop PC

    29Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • D. Monett

  • D. Monett

    PC stations

    31Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • D. Monett

    Test evaluation criteria

    32Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Id. Desktop questionnaire Id. Mobile app questionnaire

    C1

    C2

    C3

    C4

    C5

    C6

    C7

    C8

    The mascot is attractive.

    The color scheme is

    attractive.

    I understand the text and the

    help.

    Solving tasks is easy.

    The program runs without

    errors.

    The program is easy to use.

    I was able to change the

    colors.

    I like the program very much.

    Q1

    Q2

    Q3

    Q4

    Q5

    Q6

    How do you like the Sudoku

    app?

    How do you like the colors?

    How do you like the

    mascot?

    Is the font size big enough?

    Were there any errors in the

    app?

    Was the Sudoku too easy?

    Rated with stars (up to 5 stars) Rated with smileys (, , )

  • D. Monett

    1x Sudoku-App on Tablet

    33Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • D. Monett

    App on tablet

    34Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • D. Monett 35Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Results. Discussion.

  • D. Monett

    Main results

    36Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    14 children evaluated the desktop versions (-1)

    7 children evaluated the app

    General feedback:

    12 out of 14 thumbs up

    no thumbs down

  • D. Monett

    Evaluation ( stars)

    37Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    A B C D E F G H I J K

    Star

    s (a

    vg)

    Sudoku Program

    General evaluation by the children

    Girls (resp. Boys)

    Gave higher evaluations (fewer stars coloured)

    No signs of tiredness (some Sudoku is boring)

    Always on track (some refused to evaluate)

    Highly focused in testing (some wanted to play other

    games)

  • D. Monett

    What children liked most

    38Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

  • D. Monett 39Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Lessons learned

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 1

    40Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Faculty should make the first move in

    a school-university relationship!

    Image patrisyu @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    School-universitypartnerships!

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 2

    41Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Schools can be real customers of

    university course projects!

    Image Supertrooper @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    Service Learning

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 3

    42Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Children should

    be involved in the

    software cycle,

    as a minimum

    during software

    testing!

    Image Stuart Miles @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    Shaping software

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 4

    43Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    The pursuit of CS by interested female

    students is not such a distant dream!

    Image supakitmod @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    It depends on the activity and on

    the instructor!

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 5

    44Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Independent rotation

    through the test stations

    keeps children more

    motivated and less tired!

    Image photostock @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    Help needed (students, school instructors)

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 6

    45Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Children are very

    honest and express

    their opinions freely!

    Image Stuart Miles @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    It is what you want. Isnt it?

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 7

    46Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Secondary activities should be planned in advance!

    Image Gualberto107 @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

  • D. Monett

    Lesson 8

    47Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    One single raindrop could make

    a rainbow in future!

    Image tigger11th @ http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/

    School-university partnership! New student research projects New course projects

  • D. Monett 48Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Conclusions

  • D. Monett 49

    Generated with http://www.jasondavies.com/wordcloud/

    Topics covered

  • D. Monett

    Our motivation

    50Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    How do children actively participate in the software development cycle in academic settings

    by testing software that is being produced by undergraduate students (e.g. as end users

    conducting acceptance tests) and by enriching

    the requirements engineering process for further course project developments tailored to

    them (as real customers defining new or changing

    requirements)?

  • Berlin, Germany, April 16-17, 2015

    Joint Software Engineering

    to support STEM EducationExperiences before, during and after a Childrens University

    Talk at the Global Conference on Learning and Technology The Local Global Conference

    Global Learn 2015

    Dagmar Monett, Josephine Greifenberg, Anne Krautz,

    Maximilian Sthr, Rico Ulbricht

    dagmar@monettdiaz.com

    monettdiaz

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