jefferson as president

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Jefferson as President. Section 1 Chapter 10. Focus Questions. What views did Thomas Jefferson express about political parties in his inaugural address? What Republican policies did Jefferson introduce, and which Federalist policies did he accept? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Jefferson as President

Jefferson as PresidentSection 1Chapter 10Focus QuestionsWhat views did Thomas Jefferson express about political parties in his inaugural address?What Republican policies did Jefferson introduce, and which Federalist policies did he accept?Why was Marbury v. Madison an important court case?

The Republican VictoryThomas Jefferson had a large crowd attend his inauguration but John Adams was absentThe Democratic-Republicans not only won the presidency but also won a majority in CongressMany looked at this change of government as a triumph of democracyIn his inaugural address Jefferson spoke about the will of the majority and eased the Federalists by insisting that he was going to run a fair governmentJefferson in OfficeJefferson lowered military spending and the hope that he could cut the national debtJefferson also wanted to get rid of domestic taxes (like the tax on whiskey)Jefferson allowed the Bank of the United States to remain open (federalist program)Jefferson eventually replaced many Democratic-Republican officials in government with Federalists (did not get rid of all of them)Marbury v. MadisonBefore Jefferson took office, Federalists in Congress passed new laws that created many new judgeshipsAdams put in dozens of judges that were FederalistsWhen Jefferson took office some of the judges chosen by Adams had not had paper work filed to complete the processJefferson came into office and ordered his secretary of state James Madison to not file the papersMarbury v. MadisonWilliam Marbury was one such judge that did not get their judgeship positionHe wanted the Supreme Court to force Madison to file the paper workJohn Marshall was the chief justice and a federalist of the Supreme Court at that time and agreed to hear the case

Marbury v. MadisonThe Supreme Court decided that the they did not have the power to force Madison to file the paper workThey also found that a portion of the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional

Marbury v. MadisonThis ruling established judicial review allows the Supreme Court to an act of Congress unconstitutionalThe law then is no longer in forceThis GREATLY increased the Supreme Courts legal authority

Focus QuestionsWhat views did Thomas Jefferson express about political parties in his inaugural address?What Republican policies did Jefferson introduce, and which Federalist policies did he accept?Why was Marbury v. Madison an important court case?

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