jazz fusion marsalis (b. 1961 - ) • trumpet performer/educator/composer – new orleans,...
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Jazz Fusion & Contemporary Trends
Characteristics of Fusion
Fusion a music genre which combines two or more
Gospel, The Blues. Electric Instruments (Amplifiers)
R&B (Rhythm & Blues) Originally marketed as race records of the
1940s Develops into Rock n Roll.
Comparing Jazz & Rock
Repetitious drummingResponsive drumming
Simplicity emphasizedComplex melodic and harmonic content
Short phrasesPhrasing emphasized
Miles Davis (revisited once again) Fender Rhodes
Electric Piano used in the 1960s (prior to synthesizers)
Electric Guitar and Bass Sound of vibrating string amplified
by magnetic pickups Percussion
World instruments, South America, Africa, India.
Star People (1982) Released after long hiatus from
1975. Controversial funk album. Not true Jazz
John McLaughlin (b. 1942 - )
English Jazz-Rock Guitarist The Mahavishnu Orchestra
fused eclectic jazz and rock with eastern and Indian influences.
Odd & mixed meters Birds of Fire
Second studio album, 1973 Miles Beyond tribute to
Evolved from a 1960s Miles Davis studio ensemble.
Synthesizer covered horn parts.
Bassist did not play walking bass lines.
Drummer did not play traditional swing.
Weather Report (musicians) Joe Zawinul (1932 2007)
Pianist/Composer/Bandleader Jaco Pastorius (1951-1987)
Bassist/Pioneer of Fretless Electric Bass
Wayne Shorter (b. 1933 - ) Saxophonist
Heavy Weather (1977) Album featuring the song
Birdland LISTENING EXCERPT: CD TWO, Track 10
Chick Corea (b. 1941 - ) Pianist/Bandleader Return to Forever
Fusion group that featured Latin rhythms
Al Dimeola, guitarist Stanley Clarke, bassist
Light as a Feather (1972) Features hit song Spain
LISTENING EXCERPT: CD TWO, TRACK 11
Herbie Hancock (b. 1940 - )
Pianist/Composer Child Prodigy classically trained Maiden Voyage (1965)
Title song of the album that has become a jazz standard.
Future Shock (1983) Rockit funk tune feature synthesized
electronic sounds. Grandmixer DXT (Derek Showard) featured
Acid Jazz A style of fusion jazz that emerged in the
1980s from recording studio techniques. Sampling
Using recorded excerpts from other musicians. Looping
Taking a portion of a sampled recording and repeating it over and over.
Overdubbing An instrumentalist or vocalist performs a solo
over a loop in the recording studio.
Contemporary Jazz Artists Kenny G [Gorelick] (b. 1959 - )
Soprano saxophonist smooth jazz style.
Overdubbing (Wonderful World, with Louis Armstrong)
David Sandborn (b. 1945 - ) Saxophonist/Composer (Lethal
Weapon 2-4) soulful but aggressive style.
Pat Metheny (b. 1954 - ) Guitarist, experiments with
manipulating the guitar sound. Roland Guitar Synthesizer.
Contemporary Latin Jazz Artists Tito Puente (1923 2000)
Percussionist (keyboard perc. & timbales).
Led mambo bands in the 1980s Paquito DRivera ( b. 1948 - )
Clarinet/Saxophone prodigy Arturo Sandoval (b. 1949 - )
Trumpet Performer and Club Owner (MB)
Film For Love or Country (Andy Garcia)
Performed on soundtrack Mambo Kings
Carla Bley (b. 1936 - ) Pianist/Composer. Eclectic compositional style. Reworks familiar themes.
LISTENING EXCERPT: CD TWO, TRACK 13
Maria Schneider (b. 1960 - )
Modern Big Band Composer Unusual form
Does not use traditional blues progression or 32-bar AABA form.
Experiments with a variety of tone colors Unusual combinations of instruments.
Music is often autobiographical. Based on her experiences.
Wynton Marsalis (b. 1961 - ) Trumpet Performer/Educator/Composer
New Orleans, Louisiana Comes from a Musical Family
Ellis Marsalis, father (pianist) Branford Marsalis, brother (saxophonist)
Considered a purist Saved jazz from morass of pop fusion and
noise or instilled a regressive notion of the jazz tradition.
Criticized Miles Davis fusion recordings (of the 1980s) as not being true jazz"