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  • Jain Fundamentals

    Jain Scriptures

    Jain Rituals

    Compassionate Quotes

    Compiled by: Pravin K. Shah

    JAINA Education CommitteeJain Study Center of North Carolina

    509 Carriage Woods Circle, Raleigh NC 27607E-mail: pkshah1@attglobal .net

    Web: www.jainism.orgPhone and Fax 919-859-4994

    January 25, 2002

    mailto:pkshah1@ibm.net

  • Table of ContentsPRAYER OF JAIN RELIGION...................................................................................................................3

    LORD MAHAVIR AND HIS TEACHINGS...............................................................................................4

    CONCEPT OF GOD IN JAINISM...............................................................................................................7

    Arihant..........................................................................................................................................................8Siddha.........................................................................................................................................................10Jain Gods....................................................................................................................................................10

    JAIN REALITY OR EXISTENCE............................................................................................................11

    Structural View of the Universe.................................................................................................................11Concept of Reality......................................................................................................................................11Six Universal Substances...........................................................................................................................12

    PHILOSOPHY OF KARMA AND JAIN TATTVAS..............................................................................19

    Soul (Jiva) or Living being Substance........................................................................................................19Ajiva (Non living) Substances ...................................................................................................................19Asrava (Cause of the influx of karma).......................................................................................................20Bandha (Bondage of karma).......................................................................................................................20Punya (Virtue)............................................................................................................................................22Pap (Sin).....................................................................................................................................................22Samvara (Stoppage of Karma)...................................................................................................................23Nirjara (Exhaustion of the attached karma)................................................................................................24Moksha (Liberation)...................................................................................................................................25

    JAIN PATH OF LIBERATION..................................................................................................................27

    Right Perception (Samyak Darsana)..........................................................................................................27Right Knowledge (Samyak Jnana)............................................................................................................28Right Conduct (Samyak Charitry)..............................................................................................................28

    GREAT VOWS (MAHA VRATAS) OF ASCETICS ..............................................................................30

    Non violence (Ahimsa) ..............................................................................................................................30Truth (Satya)...............................................................................................................................................31Non stealing (Achaurya or Asteya) ...........................................................................................................31Celibacy / Chastity (Brahmacharya)..........................................................................................................31Non attachment / Non possession (Aparigraha) .......................................................................................32

    VOWS OF HOUSEHOLDERS...................................................................................................................32

    Five Main Vows of Limited Nature (Anuvratas).......................................................................................34Three Merit Vows (Guna vrats) ................................................................................................................36Four Disciplinary Vows (Siksha vratas) ....................................................................................................36

    RULES OF CONDUCTS AND PRESERVATIONS (SAMITIS AND GUPTIS)..................................38

    Five Rules of Conduct (Samitis)................................................................................................................38Three Rules of Preservation (Guptis).........................................................................................................39

    REFLECTIONS OR THOUGHTS (BHAVNA OR ANUPREKSHA)....................................................40

    Twelve Reflections or Bhavna...................................................................................................................40Four Additional Bhavna or Virtues............................................................................................................42

    EQUANIMITY AND MEDITATION (SAMAYIKA AND DHYANA)..................................................44

    ALL LIFE IS YOGA....................................................................................................................................47

    Path of Devotion (Bhakti-yoga):................................................................................................................47Path of Knowledge (Jnan-yoga):................................................................................................................47

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  • Path of Action (Karma yoga): ...................................................................................................................47Path of Self Control and Meditation (Raja-yoga or Astang-yoga):............................................................48

    COLOR SCIENCE OF NAMOKAR MANTRA.......................................................................................50

    MEDITATION.............................................................................................................................................52

    JAIN AGAM LITERATURE......................................................................................................................53

    Background:...............................................................................................................................................53Agam Literature:........................................................................................................................................54Digambar Literature:..................................................................................................................................57Summary:...................................................................................................................................................59Appendix - Summary of Swetambar Jain Agams:.....................................................................................60

    JAIN PUJA....................................................................................................................................................66

    FOURTEEN AUSPICIOUS DREAMS OF MOTHER TRISHALA......................................................68

    JAINISM ON THE INTERNET.................................................................................................................72

    Introductory Sources..................................................................................................................................73Intermediate & Special Interest Sites.........................................................................................................74Advanced....................................................................................................................................................75Creating new web content..........................................................................................................................76

    COMPASSIONATE QUOTES...................................................................................................................78

    THUS SPAKE LORD MAHAVIR.............................................................................................................80

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  • Prayer of Jain Religion

    Every day Jains bow their heads and say their universal prayer, the Navkarmantra. All good work and events start with this prayer of salutation and worship.

    Namokar Mantra or Namaskar Mantra

    Namo Arihantanam: I bow to the enlightened beings

    Namo Siddhanam: I bow to the liberated souls

    Namo Ayariyanam: I bow to religious leaders

    Namo Uvajjaya