iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide v9-2.pages

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  • iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide

    v9

    2014-12-18 Apple Inc.

  • iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide December 18, 2014 CONFIDENTIAL

    2014 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.

    No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, mechanical, electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of Apple Inc., with the following exceptions: Any person is hereby authorized to store documentation on a single computer for personal use only and to print copies of documentation for personal use provided that the documentation contains Apples copyright notice.

    The Apple logo is a trademark of Apple Inc. Use of the keyboard Apple logo (Option-Shift-K) for commercial purposes without the prior written consent of Apple may constitute trademark infringement and unfair competition in violation of federal and state laws.

    No licenses, express or implied, are granted with respect to any of the technology described in this document. Apple retains all intellectual property rights associated with the technology described in this document. This document is intended to assist iTunes Content Developers to manage and deliver content for the iTunes Store.

    Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this document is accurate. Apple is not responsible for typographical errors.

    Apple Inc. 1 Infinite Loop Cupertino, CA 95014 408-996-1010

    Even though Apple has reviewed this document, APPLE MAKES NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH RESPECT TO THIS DOCUMENT, ITS QUALITY, ACCURACY, MERCHANTABILITY, OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. AS A RESULT, THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED AS IS, AND YOU, THE READER, ARE ASSUMING THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO ITS QUALITY AND ACCURACY. IN NO EVENT WILL APPLE BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ANY DEFECT OR INACCURACY IN THIS DOCUMENT, even if advised of the possibility of such damages THE WARRANTY AND REMEDIES SET FORTH ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHERS, ORAL OR WRITTEN, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. No Apple dealer, agent, or employee is authorized to make any modification, extension, or addition to this warranty.

    Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.

    2

  • iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide December 18, 2014 CONFIDENTIAL

    Table of ContentsTable of Contents 3 ..............................................................................................................................

    Revision History 5 ................................................................................................................................

    Overview 6 ............................................................................................................................................

    Content Definitions 7 ...................................................................................................................................

    Data Standards and Style Guidelines 8 ..........................................................................................

    1. General Guidelines 8 ............................................................................................................................

    2. Artist Names 9 ........................................................................................................................................

    3. Album and Track Titles 12 ....................................................................................................................

    4. Soundtracks, Scores, and Albums in a Series 16 ............................................................................

    5. Crediting Featuring Artists 17 ............................................................................................................

    6. Titles with vs. and Meets 19 ...........................................................................................................

    7. Presenting Artists 19 .............................................................................................................................

    8. Duplicate Albums 20 ............................................................................................................................

    9. Karaoke, Tribute, and Cover Albums 21 ...........................................................................................

    10. Mixes and Remixes 22 ..........................................................................................................................

    11. Capitalization, Abbreviations, Accents and Characters 24 ..........................................................

    12. Genres 26 .................................................................................................................................................

    13. Original Release Dates 27 ....................................................................................................................

    14. Complete and Partial Albums 27 .......................................................................................................

    15. Parental Advisory 27 .............................................................................................................................

    16. Automatically Censored Words 28 ....................................................................................................

    17. Cover Art and Booklet Design Specifications 28 ...........................................................................

    18. Cover Art, Booklet, and LP Art Policies 28 .......................................................................................

    19. Continuous Mixes, Medleys, Snippets, and Advertisement Tracks 28 ......................................

    20. Ringtones 29 ...........................................................................................................................................

    21. Music Videos 29 .....................................................................................................................................

    Additional Standards and Guidelines for Western Classical Music 31 ....................................

    22. Classical Artist Names 31 .....................................................................................................................

    23. Primary Artists 31 ..................................................................................................................................

    24. Composers 33 .........................................................................................................................................

    25. Album Titles 33 ......................................................................................................................................

    26. Track Titles 34 .........................................................................................................................................

    27. Opera Titles 35 .......................................................................................................................................

    28. Language Casing 35 .............................................................................................................................

    29. Classical-Crossover 35 ..........................................................................................................................

    30. Miscellaneous 36 ...................................................................................................................................3

  • iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide December 18, 2014 CONFIDENTIAL

    Bangladeshi, Indian, Nepalese, Pakistani, and Sri Lankan Content 37 ...................................

    31. Artists, Translations, and Cover Art 37 ..............................................................................................

    32. Genres 37 .................................................................................................................................................

    33. Music from Movies 39 ..........................................................................................................................

    34. Additional Track Title Version Information 44 ................................................................................

    35. Indian Classical Music 44 .....................................................................................................................

    Russian, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian Content 47 ........................................................

    36. Russian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, and Ukrainian Metadata Guidelines 47 ..................................

    Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Thai Content 49 .........................................................................

    37. Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Thai Metadata Guidelines 49 ..................................................

    38. Artist Names 49 ......................................................................................................................................

    Hebrew Content 51 ..............................................................................................................................

    39. Hebrew Metadata Guidelines 51 .......................................................................................................

    Appendix 1: Standards and Abbreviations 52 ..............................................................................

    Table 1: Standard Classical Abbreviations 52 .........................................................................................

    Table 2: Classical Keys 54 .............................................................................................................................

    Table 3: Common Composer Names 55 ...................................................................................................

    Table 4: Common Orchestra and Conductor Names 56 .......................................................................

    Appendix 2: Language Codes 57 .....................................................................................................

    Appendix 3: Title Case 60...................................................................................................................

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  • iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide December 18, 2014 CONFIDENTIAL

    Revision History December 18, 2014v9. Weve updated the overview section and expanded on side-by-side translations, lyrics in music videos, and western classical music.

    July 23, 2014v8. Updates for style and clarity.

    October 23, 2013v7. Major updates to the Primary Artist Designation, Compound Artist, Live Content, Album Version Information, Credit at Track Level, Credit at Album Level, Genre, Sound-a-likes, Spanish and Portuguese Casing, Genre Accuracy, Parental Advisory, Subliminal Content, Nonstandard Music Videos, and the Classical Music sections.

    The Public Domain section has been added, as well as the Lyric Videos section and new regional sections with locale-specific rules for Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, India, Japan, Korea, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Ukraine, and for content in Hebrew.

    November 6, 2012v6. Major updates to data standards.

    April 11, 2011v5. Significant enhancements to improve clarity. Added Key Definitions and Content Definitions for terminology used throughout. Graphical conventions added to highlight Critical Errors and examples. Clarified and added more examples throughout. Revised formatting.

    March 5, 2010v4. Added Various Artists and Versus (vs.), Meets, Presents. Updated instructions for iTunes Producer. Expanded Title Version explanation with clarified examples. Added more guidelines in Cover Art. Expanded Classical Style and Appendix sections.

    February 12, 2009v3.3. Expanded Title Version explanation. Addressed French- and German-language concerns. Added Duplicate Albums.

    May 1, 2008v3.1.1. Minor updates and changes necessary for internationalization. Changed track and album titling considerations for Italian, French and Swedish local content.

    January 21, 2008v3.1. Added Pop Style Guide, clarified examples.

    April 2, 2007v2.3. Minor update.

    February 4, 2007v2.2.1. Created standalone Style Guide.

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  • iTunes Store Music Data Standards and Style Guide December 18, 2014 CONFIDENTIAL

    Overview We love musicit's an emotional experience, and for many of us, an obsession. When someone hears the right music at just the right moment, its transformational, and thats precisely why we do what we do.

    Apple strives to present your content in a clean, pure, and accurate form. We know it takes effort to get it exactly right, but we hope you agree that the results are worth it, both for you and for your fans.

    With that in mind, we created this reference guide to help you format your music, art, and metadata for the optimal listener experience and discovery.

    Following these guidelines will make it less likely that we have to return content to you for correction, which means it will get on the iTunes Storeand available to your customers more quickly. The most critical guidelines to consider when preparing your content for delivery are:

    Artist and artist formatting

    Localizations and phonetics

    Asset quality

    Clean or...

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