IS Research Topics Past, Present, Future

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Universit degli Studi di Verona Facolt di Economia. IS Research Topics Past, Present, Future. Nicholas C. Romano, Jr . SDA Bocconi Information Systems Division Universit Commerciale Luigi Bocconi Nicholas.Romano@SDABocconi.it Spears School of Business - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Evolution of Information Systems Research Major driving forces behind the trends. Trend A Trend B Rank Themes Diff. Rank Themes Diff. 1 System Design Issues +73 1 Applications in Industries or Functions +109 2 DSS/ESS/EIS +66 2 DSS/ESS/EIS -64 3 Methodologies/Philosophy +63 3 Technology Infrastructure +60 4 Managerial Issues +56 4 Theories +53 5 IS Performance Evaluation +55 5 Organizational Resource / Knowledge Management +39 6 New Software Technologies +41 6 Perception and Attitudes +38 7 Intelligent Systems +40 7 New Software Technologies +37 8 Telecommunication Systems +35 8 Methodologies/Philosophy +34 9 Analytical Models and Tools +33 9 Managerial Issues +30 10 IS Strategic Planning +33 10 Group Support +29 In Trend A, major issues that gained popularity were related to system design, e.g. system design issues, DSS/ESS/EIS, and intelligent systemsIn Trend B, however, major issues shifted toapplications and technology infrastructure and away from DSS/ESS/EIS, which had amajor drop in paper publication.There was also a substantial increase in interests in theories and human-related research; indicating that the driving force behind IS research has changed from the design of good systems to the power of technology infrastructure and user-organization requirements.Adapted from Liang, 2003Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaNumber of Articles by Type and YearAdapted From Alavi and Carlson, 19921968-701971-731974-761977-791980-821983-851986-88Empirical1622234869113146Nonempirical2237266781120118Total385949115150233264Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaInformation Systems TaxonomiesFinding ones place in the DisciplineComputing TaxonomiesNicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaTopic Period onePeriod twoPeriod three(19741990) (19912000) (20012007) EIS management 16.7727.4723.27HInformation systems 21.0317.9517.39DOrganizational environment 5.8313.4614.14FIS development and operations 20.4610.3210.86IIS Education and research 15.794.047.61BExternal environment 1.173.145.98CInformation technology 4.679.863.81Period three(20012007) 23.2717.3914.1410.867.615.983.81The State and Evolution of Information Systems Research in Canada

Major Topic percentages in each period TabularAdapted from Serenko et al., 2008Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di Verona91Sub-Topic percentages in each period TabularAdapted from Serenko et al., 2008Topic Period onePeriod twoPeriod three(19741990) (19912000) (20012007) GAOrganizational use of IS 9.367.1712.5 EI/EJIS evaluation and control 9.7716.711.87 IBIS research 8.774.047.61 BExternal environment 1.173.145.98 FA/FCIS development strategies, methods and tools 15.26.285.43 FDIS implementation 5.264.045.43 HA Supply chain management, customer relationship management, and enterprise resource planning0.580.95.43 HDElectronic commerce/business and eGovernment 01.795.43 DD06/7Organizational learning, knowledge management, information flows00.454.89 GBUsers (characteristics, attitudes, behaviors, types, and personalities)2.346.284.89 DD01-DD04Organizational dynamics (change, business process reengineering, innovation, information flows)0.584.044.35 EFIS planning (methods, issues, objectives, strategic planning, and operational planning)0.582.694.34CAComputer systems (computer-based communications systems and the Internet) 2.924.932.72 DAOrganizational characteristics (culture, size, structure) 4.095.832.72 EEProject management 1.170.452.72 EGOrganizing IS (issues, structure of IS function, centralization / decentralization) 2.925.832.17HAAI-based systems and intelligent/interface agents (excludingn decision support systems)4.092.692.17 EHIS staffing 0.580.451.63 CBSoftware (operating systems, algorithms, programming languages, databases)1.754.931.09 DBOrganizational functions (departments) 0.583.141.09 DCTask characteristics 0.5801.09 HADecision support systems 9.942.241.09 HA Accounting IS 1.170.91.09 HA Interorganizational IS 00.451.09 HDIS characteristics and features (graphical user interface) 1.751.81.09 EKIS security 1.170.450.54 ELIS management issues (globalization) 0.580.90 HA Executive IS 0.581.350 HA Group decision support systems, negotiation and collaboration 2.925.830 IAIS education 7.0200Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di Verona

Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaSerenko, Alexander, Cocosila, Mihail, Turel, Ofir (2008) The State and Evolution of Information Systems Research in Canada: A Scientometric Analysis. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, 25, 279-294.Evolution of information systems (IS) research in Canada as reflected in publications of the proceedings of the annual conference of the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada from 1974 to 2007. Sample From 1974 to 2007 (excluding 19781980) a total of 358 papers (55 in French and 303 in English) were published by 682 authors.Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaAdapted From Alavi and Carlson, 1992Table 2 Articles in Different Topical Areas by Three-Year IntervalsBRT CodesTopic Areas68-7071-7374-7677-7980-8283-8586-88Total E IS Management 2028%2121%2225%6328%7428%13332%12624%45927% H Information Systems 2637%2929%1820%3917%5721%6516%11923%35321% F IS Development & Ops 34%66%1112%5726%4416%7218%7314%26616% A Reference Disciplines 710%1919%1921%209%3212%359%6913%20112% G IS Usage 68%11%33%115%124%266%5310%1127%I IS Educ. & Research 23%1111%44%94%207%184%234%875% D Organizational Env. 34%44%22%94%207%246%296%915% C Technological Env. 11%44%33%63%52%266%285%734% B External Env. 34%44%78%94%31%123%51%433% Total 714%996%895%22313%26716%41124%52531%1685Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaNONLIFE8Worlds UniversesAstronomy Astrophysics7Cultures Societies Countries Supernatural systems MetasystemsGeography Metrology6Cities Communities Systems5Families Groups SubsystemsEthics ReligionGenealogy4Individuals Organisms MachinesPsychologyCognitive scienceBotany ZoologyEcologyPhysical Science3Cells Organs ComponentsBiometricsGeneticsGeology2MoleculesChemistry1AtomsPhysicsTable 1. Academic Disciplines (Pure Sciences)PhysicsChemistryLib info Science Political science Economics Management scienceAnthropology Communications Education LinguisticsEnvironmental science Computer ScienceAstrobiologyPhilosophy History Fine artsBiologySociologyLEVELLIFE Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaTable 3 Most Popular Research Issues in the Top Three Topic Areas of MIS ResearchBRT CodesDescriptionNumber of Published ArticlesTotalEIS ManagementEJ IS Evaluation133EQ IS Planning74EM IS Management Issues67274HInformation SystemsHA Types of Information Systems191HB IS Application Areas100HD IS Characteristics41332FIS Development and OperationsFB IS life cycle activities98FA IS development stategies65FD IS implementation50213Adapted From Alavi and Carlson, 1992Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaLee, Z., Gosain, S., and Im, I. (1999), Topics of Interest in IS: evolution of themes and differences between research and practice, Information & Management, 36(5) 233-246.Evolution of themes in IS research and practice over time and differences between research and practice in IS evidenced by publication process.

More than 3000 articles published across five years in four IS journals and five magazines examined and categorized by thematic areas

Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaExisting Computing TaxonomiesThe Computing BenchmarkThe British Computer Society (BCS) taxonomy Computing DisciplinesRoger Clarkes DisciplinesBoots Cassels union of computing related disciplinesNicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di Verona

95 Luftman, J. and Ben-Zvi, T. Key Issues for IT Executives 2009: Difficult Economys Impact on IT MIS Quarterly Executive 9 (1 ) 49-59Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di Verona

Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaAlavi, M., and Carlson, P. (1992), A Review of MIS Research and Disciplinary Development, Journal of Management Information Systems, 8(4) 45-62.

Benchmark for tracking the status of management information systems (MIS) development and evolution, a sample of 908 mainstream MIS articles published in the 1968-1988 period is examined.

For the first time during these 20 years, the number of empirical articles exceeded the number of non-empirical articles essentially focusing on purely conceptual work.

The journal articles included in the study were classified and coded in three ways:1. By subject or topic, according to the keyword classification scheme of Barki, Rivard, and Talbot 2 keyword classification2. By type, according to a framework developed specifically for the study.3. By orientation toward research or practice in the field.

Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaThe State and Evolution of Information Systems Research in Canada

Major Topic percentages in each period Graphicallyfrom Serenko et al., 2008Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaAdapted from Alavi and Carlson, 1992Journals68-7071-7374-7677-7980-8283-8586-88Total%CACM41272119423113615%Data Base21761623323613215%Decision Science11857812425%HBR19111161919109510%JMIS0000041569711%MIS Quarterly0005064649427230%Mgmt Sci96811121310698%Sloan Mgmt Rev.3129661415657%TOTAL385949115150233264908Table I Frequency of MIS Articles in the Journals by Three-Year IntervalsJMIS Started in 1984MISQ started in 1977Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaResearch Classification Framework

Adapted From Alavi and Carlson, 1992Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaIn conceptual ones, frameworks, models, or theories are defined and reasons or explanations are given. Illustrative ones are designed to guide practice; they offer recommendations for action, or stages to be completed underspecific circumstances. Their focus is on what and how, rather than on why. Finally, applied concepts articles are a sort of mixture of the two previous types, since they equally stress conceptual and illustrative elements.

In Empirical Studies, the essence of research is to be found in the observation of reality. In this context,Case Studies are found; these are increasingly widespread in the IS field.

The Field Study is another empirical research method; generally, several organisations are analyzed with respect to one or several variables, using experimental design but without experimental control. This means that the researcher collects the informationfrom somewhat uncontrolled situations.

The Field Experiment involves examining one or more organizations with respect to one or more variables using a specific design and exerting experimental control. The researcher somehow manipulates or interferes with the study object, changing some aspectof the system being studied. However, the study object is analyzed in its natural setting.

The last form of empirical research is the Laboratory Experiment. It consists in the examination of a computing-organizational problem carried out in a setting that does not coincide with the habitual one of an organisation. When the real situation becomestoo confusing, complex, slow, uncontrolled, or expensive, the researcher builds a model to replace it.

59Changes in IT Management Concerns94

Luftman, J. and Ben-Zvi, T. Key Issues for IT Executives 2009: Difficult Economys Impact on IT MIS Quarterly Executive 9 (1 ) 49-59Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaNumber of Nonempirical Articles by Type and Three-Year Time PeriodAdapted From Alavi and Carlson, 1992 Nonempirical Articles1968-701971-731974-761977-791980-821983-851986-88Total Conceptual articles 124923293044160 Illustrative articles 21131742478267289 Applied concepts 000258722 Total 2237266781120118471Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di Verona

Evolution of Information Systems Researchfrom Liang, 2003Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaEvolution of Information Systems ResearchTable 2. Distribution of research topics in different stagesAdapted from Liang, 2003 Human System Technology & Analysis Model Management Research Methodology and Theory # % # % # % # % # % 1980~1984 8518%23149%388%6514%5211% 1985~1991 39817%102744%26211%41418%2129% 1992~1998 74021%135838%46713%59517%37811% 1999~2001 53127%67034%28314%32716%1869%Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaEvolution of Information Systems ResearchFigure 2 Trends in the Five Research Areas

from Liang, 2003Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaEvolution of Information Systems ResearchFigure 4. Trend in research diversitySimpsons index in ecological studies (Simpson, 1949) measures topic diversity (higher value indicates a higher level of diversity.) Except for a slight downturn after 1999 there is an trend toward an increase in topic diversity.See: Simpson, E. H. (1949), Measurement of diversity, Nature, Vol.163, pp.688.

from Liang, 2003Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degli Studi di VeronaEvolution of Information Systems Research: Use of TheoryUse of theories in IS research had increased since 1993.Only 308 papers, less than 10%, had clear theoretical frameworks

from Liang, 2003Nicholas C. Romano, Jr.IS Research an International Perspective 21 Maggio 2010Universit degl...