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Irom chanu sharmilaThe Iron lady of ManipurPresentation by BIOEYETEAM: G. Nagendra PrasadD. KalyaniS. Harish (Captain)B. Swaroopa (Deputy)M. AjayNajeeb Basha SheikhJ.SharmilaI. KrishnaObjectives:To educate everyone about Irom Sharmila and her struggle for peace in North Eastern states of India.
AFSPA act and its consequences in those areas.
Hunger strike of Irom Sharmila to repeal the AFSPA act.Indian Armys heroic efforts
Indian Army rescue operation at the Uttarakhand tragedyIndian armys mission 26/11
Indian army at Kargil war
Born on : 14th March 1972.
Belongs to : Imphal, Manipur, India. Education : Upto 12th Occupation : Civil rights activist, Political activist and Poet. Marital status : Unmarried
Parents : Irom C Nanda Irom Ongbi Sakhi
She was the youngest of all the nine childrenborn to Irom C Nanda and Irom Ongbi Sakhi.
The reasons for her struggle: Ten civilians were allegedly shot and killed by the Assam Rifles, one of the Indian Paramilitary forces(AFSPA) operating in the state, while waiting at a bus stop. This incident is called as the famous Malom massacre happened in 2000.
The newspapers published the photos of a 62-year old woman, Leisangbam Ibetomi, and 18-year old Sinam Chandramani, a 1988 National Child Bravery Award winner who were dead in this incident. Armed Forces Special Powers Act.
Under section 4 (a) in 1958 it came into action.
Acts objective: Army officers have legal immunity for their actions. There can be no prosecution, suit or any other legal proceeding against anyone acting under that law.
The Central Government assigned to all the North-Eastern states of India known as the Seven Sisters, which include the following Assam , Manipur , Tripura , Meghalaya , Arunachal Pradesh , Mizoram and Nagaland.
They assigned it particularly to these areas as they are the Disturbed areas , or the Dangerous areas , declared by the Central government of India. Rules assigned to the Army personnel of AFSPA: To arrest without a warrant anyone who has committed cognizable offences or is reasonably suspected of having done so and may use force if needed for the arrest.
To enter and search any premise in order to make such arrests, or to recover any person wrongfully restrained or any arms, ammunition or explosives and seize them.
Stop and search any vehicle or vessel reasonably suspected to be carrying such persons or weapons.The atrocities of AFSPA The Act has been at the heart of concerns about human rights violations in the regions of its enforcement , where Arbitrary killingsTorture Cruelty Inhuman and inequitable Degrading treatment and Enforced disappearances have happened .Women were kidnapped, raped and sexually abused.
Men were taken away and never returned home.
They were amputated .
People were made nude for the armys entertainment and were asked to dance and walk on the streets. If they disobey their orders they would be shot dead.Indian army in Manipur
The great Hunger strike Irom started her strike on 2nd November 2000 to repeal the AFSPA act.
She was arrested by the police on 6th November 2000 and was charged with an attempt to commit suicide.
I love life. I dont want to take my life. What I want is justice and peace, Ms. Sharmila replied. I am protesting against AFSPA. If AFSPA is repealed I will take food again.
Her health deteriorated rapidly, and she was forced to usenasogastric intubation to keep alive while under arrest.
Imphal free from AFSPA:Chief Minister, O.Ibobi Singh announced to lift AFSPA-Act 1958 from seven assembly constituencies in greater Imphal (The capital city of Manipur) area on 11 August, 2004.
Minutes after the announcement, Special Secretary (Home) Government of Manipur, S.Dinokumar Singh issued a notification for lifting the act from these areas.
But, still some of the places were under this act for which Irom was fighting to deliver their rights.Continued Activism In a protest demonstration, she was joined by students, human rights activists at Jantar Mantar on 2nd October 2006 , the day she was released from jail.
she was re-arrested by the police on 6th October 2006, for attempting suicide and was taken to The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (New Delhi) .
In 2011, she invited anti-corruption activist Anna Hazare to visit Manipur, and he sent two representatives to meet her because of his ill health.Awards for her extraordinary struggleNominated to Nobel Peace Prize by the North East Network in 2005.
Recipient of Gwangju Prize for Human Rights in 2007.
Rabindranath Tagore Peace Prize in 2010.
Adivasi Ratna Award in 2011.
Iron lady Irom Sharmila being presented the Signature Peace Award by the team of Signature Sarva Gunah Sampanna Awards Selection Committee.
Campaigns supporting Sharmilas struggleSave Sharmila Campaign, jointly launched by network of various civil societies in India.
Just Peace Foundation, formed to promote the cause of Irom Chanu Sharmila.
Works on her lifeThere were some important books written in support to Irom Sharmilas struggle like:
Deepti Priya Mehrotra'sBurning Bright: Irom Sharmila and the Struggle for Peace in Manipur.Minnie Vaid a filmmaker from Manipur wrote a book named ,Iron Irom Two Journeys- Where the abnormal is normal.
She herself wrote a long poem in protest against the atrocities of Indian army in Manipur. She titled the poem as Birth.
This was the conclusion part of the book written by Minnie Vaid. Poem written by SharmilaWake up brothers and sistersThe savior of the nationWe have come out all the wayKnowing we all will dieWhy the fear isSo shaky in the heart?I am bidding farewellYet longing for lifeThough birth is followed by deathSo fond of to accompliceMy desired mission.