investing in equitable and sustainable solutions for a post-2015 world
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DESCRIPTIONPresentation by Alain Vidal (CGIAR Consortium) and Nicoline de Haan (WLE) at Stockholm World Water Week 2014.
- 1. Photo: cc: Gates FoundationInvesting in equitable and sustainablesolutions for a post-2015 worldAlain Vidal (CGIAR Consortium) & Nicoline de Haan (CGIAR Research Program on Water,Land and Ecosystems- WLE)Stockholm World Water Week, September 4, 2014
2. The SDGs: Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition,and promote sustainable agriculture Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of waterand sanitation for all Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, andmodern energy for all Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries 3. What do we know about poverty?Photo: cc: Nana Koffi/IWMI 4. What do we know about poverty? Links with Food security and agriculture but not in a linear way What we have learned through the Challenge Program on Waterand Food (CPWF) Multi-dimensional aspect of poverty - power dynamics andpolitical systems that systematically undermine the ability of thepoor to maintain their entitlements, and their rights to access(Leach & Mears) 5. Photo: cc: Pietrek Weggersi/IWMIFood security and access 6. Food security vs. productivityin Ghana and Burkina FasoSource: World Bank, FAO 7. Improve commoditymarkets/value chainsand develop betterpoliciesFarmersandtechnologyMarketsandpoliciesBetterlivelihoodsWater and energy- common pool resource- mediated by institutions orby technology- finite and deteriorating- demand for energy inagriculture is increasingImproved productionthrough high yielding varietyand managementAccessWhat do we mean by the missing middle? 8. Access to the missing middle Access Why is access important? Why is it relevant? Areas to consider: Change needed in societal structures Ensuring productivity and equity Answering who is investing? From control to service (van Koppen) Finite and deteriorating - ecosystems 9. Photo: cc: Neil Palmer/CIATEntry points 10. Entry points for action on access Meaningful participation Participatory irrigation management and rolling up responsibility 30% women in WUA Needs from the users Thriving institutions Addressing structural constraints Land tenure Access to credit Capacity development 11. Entry points for action on access Build institutions that are able to deal with trade-offs Accept the presence of multiple uses of water and energy Think in terms of the nexus: water food energy Not win-win quality of process becomes important Meaningful participation Local solutions - provisional 12. Indicators?In development ideas: Already working on: Access to resources Meaningful decision making Productivity or water use efficiency is not adequate Capacity to manage common pool resources at individual andinstitutional levels Nexus connectivity indicator? e.g. the variation between the weightsdecision-makers would put on water, food and energy in investmentand management decisions The role of information 13. THANK YOUwle.cgiar.orgU N I T I N G A G R I C U LT U R E A N D N AT U R E F O R P O V E R T Y R E D U C T I O N