Internet of Things Stack - ?· 09.08.2015 · Smart Systems and the Internet of Things is ... the IoT…

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  • Technology Layer

    From the design of silicon to the end-user experience, the technologies of the IoT are driven by data.

    Sensors, software, and networked infrastructure collect, analyze, transmit and present data for the users and devices who need it most.

    As these intersections blend the physical with the digital, they are mediated by ongoing user interactions, business processes, technology architectures, and newly created market forces.

    Smart Systems and the Internet of Things is quickly becoming a massive, global digital nervous system connecting billions of people, tens of billions of devices, and trillions of data points through a network of unprecedented scale.

    In this system-of-systems, every interaction with the physical world is also an interaction with the network.

    Internet of Things Stack

    Overview

    UserExperience

    Tech

    Business

    MarketPhysicalWorld

    Actuators & ASubsystems

    Sensors & SSSSenInstruments

    Power Supply

    Smart Systems and the Internet of Things will be built from complex interrelationships between the stack.

    Integrating these layers together is theInteraction Seam

    A bi-directional link between digital user experiences and the physical world.

    Physical

    Business

    Market

    Tech

    User Experience

    Overview

    +

    Overview

    +

    To discover, design and develop innovative smart systems, organizations must consider all the elements involved and the context they fit into.

    The IoT demands that we think about opportunities as systems, not products.

    USER EXPERIENCE

    INTERACTION SEAM

    TECH

    BUSINESS

    Your Product / Service

    MARKET

    PHYSICAL WORLD

    Market Layer

    Some markets adopt new technologies faster than others, but no sector of the economy is immune to the expanding influence of the IoT.

    While there are similarities that apply across the board, each vertical has its own set of needs and challenges that shape the way networked technologies add value.

    User ExperienceLayer

    Physical Layer

    What distinguishes the IoT from the Internet of the past is its relationship with the physical world.

    At its most basic level, the IoT depends on sensors that collect digital data about objects, environments and people; actuators and equipment that allow digital data

    and networked communications to affect the physical world; and the power supplies needed

    to keep it all running.

    Overview

    +

    Overview

    +

    OverviewOverview

    +

    RevenueType- Physical Product // Software // Data Access // Service

    Region- North America, Europe, S. and Central America, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Worldwide

    Transaction Type- B2B // B2C // G2G // C2C

    Model- Indirect // One-time fee // Pay per use // Subscription

    License & DeliveryProprietary >> Open SourceCloud >> On Premise Edge

    Market Delivery ChannelDirect // Distributors & Wholesalers // Resellers // Systems Integrators

    Direct ServicesEngineering // Consulting // Support // Training

    Business

    Physical WorldValue Added Apps- Analytics / Dashboards- Mobile & Collaboration- Asset Management // Supply Chain Management // Energy Management // Customer Support // Security Management

    System Applications- Monitoring and State // Location & Tracking // Diagnostics & Prognostics // Automation // Analytics- Application Enablement and Tools- Data Aggregation / Data Transformation & Management / Edge Processing- Device Management- Connectivity Services

    Network ServicesWireline / WPAN / WLAN / LWPAN / WWAN

    Connectivity & Device EnablementSoftwareDevice Software // Device Drivers // Security & Encryption // Comms Stacks // Operating Systems

    Network HardwareRouters & Gateways // Silicon, Embedded Intelligence

    Tech

    Actuators

    Sensors & SSensInstruments

    Power Supply

    ContextIdentity // Location //Time

    InterfacesVisual // Audio // Tactile

    DeviceEmbedded // Accessories // Mobile // Fixed

    User Experience

    Marke

    t

    Tech

    User Experience

    Busin

    ess

    Phys

    ical W

    orl

    d

    Market

    Institutional & Commercial- Healthcare- Retail / Commercial

    Facilities & Security- Buildings- Security

    Mobility - Transporation

    Resources & Production- Resources- Energy- Industrial

    Information Technology & Communications- Consumer- Professional

    Cloud ServicesSecurity

    Protocols

    Business

    User Experience is the sum of our relationship with technology. It encompasses the practicallike which

    senses, gestures, and inputs we use to interact with our devices and surrounding

    environmentas well as the emotional: how the interaction makes us feel.

    Transportation Infrastructure Aerospace

    Traffic Management Toll Collection Parking Systems

    Military Aircraft Commercial Aircraft Personal Aircraft

    Military Watercraft Commercial Watercraft Personal Watercraft

    Rolling Stock Urban Transit Locomotives Infrastructure

    Marine Rail

    Construction Off-road Military Off-road Personal On-road Commercial On-road Emergency On-road

    Vehicles

    Mobility

    InformationTechnology &

    Communications

    Industrial

    Lighting Power Distribution Life Safety Climate Control Water & Gas Security & Access Ctrl

    ResidentialCommercial & Institutional

    Lighting Power Distribution Life Safety People Moving Climate Control Water & Gas Security & Access Control

    Climate Control Appliances

    Security & Access Control Power Distribution

    Water & Gas Life Safety Lighting

    Facilities &Security

    Borders & Ports

    of Entry

    Sec

    urity

    Campuses, Bases & Public Venues

    Access Control Security & Detection Surveillance

    Access Control Security & Detection Surveillance

    Ind

    ustr

    ial

    Hybrid/Converting

    Processing Auxiliary Equipment Controls &

    Instrumentation

    Processing Converting Handling &

    Packaging Controls

    Manufacturing Supply Chain

    Fabrication Material Handling Assembly/Test Controls

    Handling Warehouse /

    Distribution Systems

    Resources &Production Re

    sour

    ces

    Power Generation

    Alternative PowerConventional Generation

    Power Transmission & Distribution

    Transmission & Distribution

    Power Quality & Electrical

    Backup

    Ene

    rgy

    Institutional & Commercial

    Tran

    spor

    tR

    etai

    l /

    Co

    mm

    erci

    al

    Restaurants Hotels

    Goods & Groceries

    Convenience/Gas

    Hea

    lthca

    re

    Patient Care Surgery Labs

    Hospitals & Health Facilities

    Home / Personal Healthcare

    Home Care Mobile Care Lifestyle

    Entertainment Public Venues

    & Stadiums

    Advertising Vending Repair Services Cleaning Services

    CommercialServicesPublic Venues

    HospitalityRetail

    Enterprise

    Computing Communication Office

    Mobile Field

    Pro

    fess

    iona

    l

    Co

    nsum

    er

    Home

    Communication Infotainment Home Office

    Water Utility

    Oil & Gas

    Oil & Gas Extraction

    Oil & Gas Processing

    Oil & Gas Transport

    Agriculture

    Farming Cultivation Livestock

    Management

    Water Extraction Water Processing

    / Treatment Water Transport

    Mining

    Extraction Material

    Handling Material

    Processing

    Environment & Infrastructure

    Infrastructure Monitoring

    Environment Monitoring

    Power Generation

    Bui

    ldin

    gs

    Rethinking Things as SystemsQuestions to help frame your own connected device and smart system

    InteractionSeam

    How is my system functioning?

    How do I connect with other devices, users and systems? Do I have a lot to say?

    What allows me to think and communicate?

    Value Added Applications

    Security / Data Policies

    Sector

    Device Application

    System Applications

    Network Services

    Connectivity & Device Enablement

    Sensors, Actuators &Subsystems

    Power

    Who are my family, friends, coworkers, acquaintances, and frenemies?

    How do we communicate?Do we need a mediator?

    How do people engage with me?

    Whats my name and current location?Whats happening around me? How does that relate to my past experiences?

    What am I feeling, sensing, touching? How do I make changes in my environment?

    How do I get my energy?

    Connections(People, Processes &External Systems)

    Where can my distinct skills be applied?

    Who can access my information? How do I know it has been secured?

    Where can I be found?

    What am I doing?

    Interaction

    Context

    Device

    Revenue Model

    License & Delivery

    Market Delivery

    Whats my form factor?

    How can I be sold?

    How and where can I be used?

    How do I reach the market?

    Revenue Type How do I bring home the bacon?

    The Interaction Seam represents the convergence of users, devices, partners, data, and networks.

    Success will increasingly go to those that effectively utilize their combined potential...

    Postscapes.com // tharwood@postscapes.com // 720.306.1214 HarborResearch.com // aglaser@harborresearch.com // 303.786.9000

    Routers & Gateways- 2G, 3G, 4G Routers

    - Ethernet Routers

    - Gateways & Proxy Servers

    - Data Aggregator

    - Residential Gateways

    - Set Top Box

    - Voice Gateway

    - WAP Gateway

    Silicon / Embedded Intelligence- DSP Controllers

    - Graphic Processors

    - System on a Module

    - Systems on a Chip

    - Single Board Computers

    - 64 bit Microcontrollers

    - 32 bit Microcontrollers

    - 16 bit Microcontrollers

    - 8 bit Microcontrollers

    - 4 bit Microcontrollers

    Software

    Device Management- FOTA (Firmware Over the Air)

    - Distributed Version Control

    - Configuration Management

    - Software Versioning

    - Device Drivers

    Network Hardware

    Security & Encryption- Security / Anti-Virus

    - Encryption

    - Patch Mgmt

    - End Point Authentication

    - Anti-Device Tampering

    - Preboot Verification

    - IP SEC

    - Certificate Management

    - Cryptography

    - Data at Rest Encryption

    Comms Stacks- Wireline

    - WPAN

    - WLAN

    - LPWAN

    - WWAN

    Operating System- Virtualization S/W

    - Desktop and Mobile GUI OS

    - Embedded / GUI based RTOS

    - Commercial RTOS

    - Open RTOS

    - Boot Loaders / Comms stacks

    Connectivity & Device Enablement

    Network Services

    Wireline

    WPAN

    WLANWWAN

    Cloud Services

    Security / Data Policies & Governance

    Protocols / Frameworks

    System Applications

    Application Enablement - API Services

    - Application Enablement Tools

    Data: Agg / Transformation / MGMT // Edge Processing- Storage

    - Data Normalization

    - Data Classification

    - Data Governance

    - Ad Hoc Queries

    - Rules Engine

    - Statistical Analysis

    - Streaming Analysis

    - Real-Time (time series) Analysis

    - Presentation & Visualization

    - Event Processing

    Device Management & Connectivity- Upgrades and Versioning

    - System Configuration

    - Device Registry

    - Identify, Security and Encryption

    - Device Provisioning & Commissioning

    - Firmware Management

    - Gateway Management

    Monitoring & State

    Prognostics

    Automation / Analytics

    Location & Tracking

    Diagnostics

    Security Management

    Energy Management

    Supply Chain & Logistics

    Customer Support

    Asset Management

    Mobile & Collaboration

    Analytics & Dashboards

    Value Added Applications

    - Bluetooth

    - 6LoWPAN

    - NFC

    - RFID

    - Cellular (4G/LTE - 2G/GSM

    3G GPRS)

    - WiMax

    - Ethernet

    - Modbus

    - Powerline

    - WiFi

    - DECT

    - Thread

    TCP / UDPIPv4 / IPv6

    CoAPMQTTXMPPRESTful HTTPAMQPLWM2MThread

    OneM2MDDSDTLSuIPTelehashUPnPAllJoyn

    SMPP (Short Message Peer to Peer) Virtual IC SMSOMA Device Management CPE WAN Management Protocol (CWMP)Weave

    REST APINode JSHTML 5Web SocketsJSON/JSONP

    Physical- Power- Sensors - Actuators

    LPWAN- Sigfox

    - LoRA

    SaaSPaaSIaaS

    Core Messaging / Application

    Context

    Handheld / Mobile

    Fixed

    Embedded

    Accessories

    Interfaces

    Internal

    Device

    Textile

    Adhere/Patches

    FootwearClipped

    Earbuds

    Strapped

    Eyewear Headware

    Identity

    Location / Surroundings

    TIme

    Visual / Audio /

    Tactile /

    Gaze TrackingFacial Expression Tracking

    Emotion RecognitionVoice Recognition

    Haptic Sensors Pressure Sensors

    Taste/Smell SensorsJoysticks / Mice

    BusinessLayer

    Overview

    +Integrating smart systems into business processes requires restructuring long-held assumptions about how products and services are brought to market.

    Collaboration between and among users, customers, developers and partners will be a minimum requirement for success.

    Revenue Model

    License & Delivery

    Market Delivery

    Revenue Type

    Delivery

    On Premise

    Bundled / Hybrid

    Hosted

    Co-location

    Cloud

    License

    Proprietary - Commercial

    Proprietary - Shareware

    Open SourceApache / BSD / GPL / GNU / MIT Mozilla / Eclipse / Creative Commons/ Public / LGPL / AGPL Model

    North America, Europe, S. & Central America, Asia, Africa, Oceania, Worldwide

    RegionB2B / B2C / C2B / ETCTransaction Type

    Indirect

    One-time

    Pay-per

    Subscription

    Per seat Per device

    Affiliate Per application

    Per site Royalty

    Usage-based Tiered / Freemium Unit-based

    TransactionValue-based Timed

    Flexible - Capped Open / One -time P2P

    LoyaltyInternal Use

    Direct ServicesChannelDirect

    Distributers & WholesalersProfessional / Tech Services

    OEM / ODM

    VARs

    Systems Integrators

    Maintenance / Service Monitoring

    After-Market Support & Logistics

    Training

    System Selection / Integration

    Type

    Physical Product

    Software

    Data

    Service

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