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International Civil Aviation Organization PBN Implementation in Brasil Flight Inspection Seminar São Jose dos Campos – Brasil 21 – 23 november 2011 Ten Cel CTA Júlio Cesar de Souza Pereira Maj Eng Alessander de Andrade Santoro (DECEA). Flight Inspection for PBN Procedures. Objective - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • International Civil Aviation Organization

    PBN Implementation in Brasil

    Flight Inspection SeminarSo Jose dos Campos Brasil21 23 november 2011

    Ten Cel CTA Jlio Cesar de Souza PereiraMaj Eng Alessander de Andrade Santoro(DECEA)

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresObjective

    Present Brazilian experience in Performance Based Navigation and Flight Inspection.

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresContents

    Performance Based NavigationFlight Inspection

  • Performance Based Navigation Area navigation based on performance requirements (accuracy, integrity, continuity, availability and functionality) for aircraft operating along an ATS route, on an instrument approach procedure or in a designated airspace.

    RNAV Operations does not include the requirement for performance monitoring and alertingRNAV Operations includes the requirement for performance monitoring and alerting

  • Performance Based Navigation

  • PBN

  • Navigation Specifications

    Navigation Specification Phase of flightEnrouteOceanicRemoteEnrouteContinentalARRApproachDEP(SID)InitialInterm.FinalMissedApproachRNAV-10 (RNP-10)10-------RNAV-5-55-----RNAV-2-22----2RNAV-1--111-11RNP-44------RNP-1 / Bsico--111-11RNP APCH---110,31-RNP AR APCH---1 0,11 0,10,3 0,11 0,1-

  • Enroute Implementation PBN (RNAV-5)

  • PBN Regional Enroute Implementation Implementation Phases :Phase 1: Version 1 SAM ATS Route Network implemented on 10/03/2011Phase 2: RNAV-5 Implementation 20/10/2011Phase 3 Version 2 SAM ATS Route Network (October 2013)

  • Brazilian RNAV-5 Route Network Project (Anticipation of SAM Version 2) Limited to the ATS Routes Network attending the main Brazilian TMA 08 March 2012 (RNAV-5):Routes to be implemented - 27 Routes to be canceled 18Routes to be partially canceled 10 Routes to be realigned 56

  • BRSPRJBHVTCONVENTIONAL Route Network (2011)

  • BRSPRJBHVTRNAV 5 Route NetworkMarch 2012

  • TMA Implementation PBN (RNAV-1 / RNP APCH / RNP APCH AR)

  • Main Regulations Instruction 100-23 (Procedure Designer Rating) Instruction 100-24 (Air Navigation Procedures Design) Circular 100-54 (Air Navigation Procedures Design Standardization). Manual 53-3 (Aeronautical Charts).

  • Courses and Training

    PANS-OPS General Criteria Conventional Air Navigation Procedures ILS, LLZ and PAR Approach ProceduresRNAV/RNP Air Navigation Procedures.APV BARO/VNAV Procedures.Helicopters ProceduresRNP AR APCH ProceduresPANS-OPS Recurrent Training PANS-OPS Update Training

  • Procedure Designer Rating Present Situation

    37 Rated Procedures Designers 16 Rated APV/Baro-VNAV 8 Rated RNP AR APCH

  • TMA PBN Project

    Main Activities 1 Airspace Concept Development 2 Performance Evaluation Plan3 Safety Assessment 4 Collaborative Decision Making Process 5 ATC Tools 6 Rules and Procedures7 Air Navigation Procedures Publication 8 Training 9 Aircraft and Operators Approval 10 Pos-implementation Monitoring 11 Documentation

  • Implementation DatesTMA BR and RF Apr 2010 (implemented)TMA RJ and SP Apr 2013 (on going)TMA BH and SV Mar 2014TMA CT and PA Jun 2015

  • Strategic ObjectivesSafety CapacityEfficiency Environment Protection Access

  • Main Traffic Flows So Paulo TMA

  • KPGRSPLO 0,8%FI 0,6%MG 0,5%1,9%

  • KPGRSPLO 0,7%FI 0,5%MG 0,5%1,7%

  • KPGRSP

  • KPGRSP

  • Approach and Departure Procedures Implementation PBN Approach and Departures Implementation for about 140 Public Airport, taking into consideration the A37-11 Resolution Milestones 640 new charts were developed Publication Schedule was established in accordance with DECEA and users needPresent Situation

    88 LNAV only RNAV (GNSS) Procedures 63 LNAV/VNAV RNAV (GNSS) Procedures 125 RNAV SID

  • Santos Dumont Airport RNP APCH AR Procedure

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV GNSSMANINV (Manual Brasileiro de Inspeo em Voo Brazilian Flight Inspection Manual) section 214

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV GNSS

    Procedures must be:

    Safe;Easy to understand;Minimum pilot workload / flyability.

    Tolerances

    Course error to the next WAYPOINT = 1Distance error to the ext WAYPOINT = 0.1 NM Obstacle Clearance

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV GNSS

    RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring)

    Adequate horizontal precision;Electromagnetic interference;Masking angles due to obstacles;

    Note: In the occurrence of RAIM alarm during the flight, the inspection must be interrupted in order to evaluate the possible causes.

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV GNSS

    Other causes of interruption

    HDOP above 4.0VDOP above 4.0Number of tracked satellites bellow 5HFOM above 22mStrange results in the receiver

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV DME/DMECIRINV 121-16 (17 NOV 2009) Flight Inspection Circular

    DME / DME

    Multilateration30 < angle < 150FMS (data base)

    Critical DME

    DME considered as indispensable to the execution of the procedure, as established by the procedure designer.

  • Flight Inspection for PBN Procedures

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV DME/DME

    All segments requiring altitude variation must be inspected using minimum climbing gradients and minimum altitudes as specified in the procedure;

    Aircraft must be equiped with 02 (two) FMS.

    Flight inspection must be interrupted in case of a critical DME is out of operation

    Two fases:Coverage and accuracy verificationProcedure verification

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV DME/DME

    COVERAGE AND ACCURACY VERIFICATION

    Coverage of critical DME must be evaluated, according to the required profile (SID/STAR) to identify coverage outages in minimal flight altitudes.

    Navigation during flight will be based on 1Ps FMS, which must be enabled to all sensors available.

    On 2Ps FMS, all sensor, except DME and Inertial, must be disabled.

    During the flight, Flight Inspector must identify the position every time ANP (Actual Navigation Performance), displayed in 2Ps FMS, is greater than the Required Navigation Performance to the leg of the procedure.

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV DME/DME

    COVERAGE AND ACCURACY VERIFICATION (cont.)

    During comissioning flights, each critical DME of the procedure must have its coverage and signal level verified by the Flight Inspection System.

    During periodic inspections, signal level may be verified in spot check, prioritizing critical DME.

  • Flight Inspection for PBN ProceduresRNAV DME/DME

    PROCEDURE VERIFICATION

    The objective in this phase is to verify the procedure in the same configuration the air space users will use it.

    Navigation will be based on 1Ps FMS, with all sensors disabled, except DME and INERTIAL.

    All sensor in 2Ps FMS must be enabled.

  • QUESTIONS?

    **********

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