intermodal transportation of hazardous materials ?· intermodal transportation of hazardous...

Download INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS ?· intermodal transportation of hazardous materials…

Post on 30-Aug-2018

214 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS

    MATERIALS WITH SUPPLIER SELECTION: APPLICATION IN TURKEY

    A THESIS

    SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL

    ENGINEERING

    AND THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE OF

    BILKENT UNIVERSITY

    IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS

    FOR THE DEGREE OF

    MASTER OF SCIENCE

    by

    Pelin Elald

    November 2011

  • ii

    I certify that I have read this thesis and that in my opinion it is full adequate, in scope

    and in quality, as a dissertation for the degree of Master of Science.

    ___________________________________

    Assoc. Prof. Bahar Y. Kara (Advisor)

    I certify that I have read this thesis and that in my opinion it is full adequate, in scope

    and in quality, as a dissertation for the degree of Master of Science.

    ___________________________________

    Asst. Prof. Osman Alp (Co-Advisor)

    I certify that I have read this thesis and that in my opinion it is full adequate, in scope

    and in quality, as a dissertation for the degree of Master of Science.

    ______________________________________

    Asst. Prof. Alper en

    I certify that I have read this thesis and that in my opinion it is full adequate, in scope

    and in quality, as a dissertation for the degree of Master of Science.

    ______________________________________

    Asst. Prof. Sibel Alumur Alev

    Approved for the Graduate School of Engineering and Science

    ____________________________________

    Prof. Dr. Levent Onural

    Director of the Graduate School of Engineering and Science

  • iii

    ABSTRACT

    INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS

    MATERIALS WITH SUPPLIER SELECTION: APPLICATION IN TURKEY

    Pelin Elald

    M.S. in Industrial Engineering

    Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Bahar Y. Kara

    Co-Supervisor: Assist. Prof. Osman Alp

    November 2011

    Fuel transportation constitutes a significant portion of hazardous materials transportation

    for decades. Fuel companies generally prefer highway transportation whereas railway

    transportation is also a potential alternative due to its advantages both from cost- and

    risk perspectives. The aim of this thesis is to investigate the potential benefits of using

    railways in conjunction to highways for fuel transportation in Turkey. In this thesis, we

    first investigate a quantitative risk model that could be used to assess the risk of railway

    transportation. Then, a mathematical model is developed which aims to answer the

    following three questions: What should be the routes of fuel products transported from

    suppliers to demand points and which transportation mode(s) should be used on these

    routes?, Where to open transfer units?, and Which suppliers should satisfy which

    demand points with what capacity?. The model has two possibly conflicting objectives

    of minimizing the total transportation risk and minimizing the total transportation cost.

    The proposed models are tested over Turkish network for which all required realistic

    data are collected.

    Keywords: Hazardous Materials Transportation, Intermodal Transportation, Risk

    Analysis

  • iv

    ZET

    TEHLKEL MADDE TAIMACILIINDA TEDARK SEM VE OK MOD

    KULLANIMI: TRKYE ZERNDE UYGULAMA

    Pelin Elald

    Endstri Mhendislii Yksek Lisans

    Tez Yneticisi: Do Dr. Bahar Y. Kara

    E-Tez Yneticisi: Yrd. Do. Dr. Osman Alp

    Kasm 2011

    Akaryakt tamacl yllardr tehlikeli madde tamaclnn nemli bir blmn

    oluturmaktadr. Demiryolu ile tamaclk risk ve maliyet alarndan avantajl bir

    alternatif olsa da akaryakt firmalar genellikle rnlerini karayolu ile tamaktadr. Bu

    almann amac, akaryakt tamaclnda demiryollarnn karayollar ile birlikte

    kullanmn oluturaca potansiyel faydalar aratrmaktr. Bu almada, ncelikle

    demiryolu tamacl riskini belirleyebilmek iin kullanlabilecek nicel

    bir risk modeli aratrlmtr. Daha sonra u soruya cevap vermesi amalanan bir

    matematiksel model gelitirilmitir: Akaryakt rnleri tedarikilerden talep noktalarna

    kadar hangi rotalar izlemeli ve bu rotalar zerinde hangi ulatrma modu/ modlar

    kullanlmal? Nerelere transfer nitesi almal? ve Hangi tedarikiler hangi talep

    noktalarnn taleplerini hangi kapasite ile karlamal? Modelin biri tama riskinin

    enkklenmesi, dieri tama maliyetini enkklenmesi olmak zere iki tane amac

    vardr. Sunulan modeller, elde edilebilecek btn gereki veriler toplanarak Trkiye a

    zerinde test edilmitir.

    Anahtar Kelimeler: Tehlikeli Madde Tamacl, Birden Fazla Ulatrma Modu

    ile Tamaclk, Risk Analizi

  • v

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Assoc. Prof. Bahar Y. Kara and Assist.

    Prof. Osman Alp for their invaluable guidance and support during my graduate study.

    They have supervised me with everlasting patience and encouragement throughout this

    thesis. I consider myself lucky to have a chance to work with them.

    I am also grateful to Asst. Prof. Alper en and Asst. Prof. Sibel Alumur Alev for

    accepting to read and review this thesis. Their comments and suggestions have been

    invaluable.

    I also would like to express my deepest gratitude to my family for their eternal love,

    support and trust at all stages of my life and especially during my graduate study. I feel

    very lucky that I belong to this family.

    I am indeed grateful to Doruk zdemir for his morale support, patience, encouragement

    and endless love since I met him.

    I would like to thank to my precious friends Mge Muhafz, Fevzi Ylmaz, Nurcan

    Bozkaya, and Onur Uzunlar for their endless support, motivation and wholehearted love.

    Life and the graduate study would not have been bearable without them. I also would

    like to thank my cousin zge Aksoy and my dear friend Zeynep agar for their

    friendship and support.

    Finally, I would like to acknowledged financial support of The Scientific and

    Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) for the Graduate Study

    Scholarship Program.

  • vi

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Chapter 1 ............................................................................................................................ 1

    Introduction .................................................................................................................... 1

    Chapter 2 ............................................................................................................................ 4

    Fuel Transportation in Turkey ........................................................................................ 4

    Chapter 3 .......................................................................................................................... 14

    Problem Definition ....................................................................................................... 14

    Chapter 4 .......................................................................................................................... 23

    Literature Review ......................................................................................................... 23

    4.1. Hazardous Materials Transportation .................................................................. 23

    4.2. Intermodal Transportation ................................................................................. 29

    4.3. Intermodal Transportation of Hazardous Materials ........................................... 35

    Chapter 5 .......................................................................................................................... 38

    Model Development ..................................................................................................... 38

    5.1. Transportation Risk Model ................................................................................ 38

    5.2. Mathematical Model .......................................................................................... 43

    Chapter 6 .......................................................................................................................... 50

    Data Collection and Computational Results................................................................. 50

    6.1. Data Collection .................................................................................................. 51

    6.2. Numerical Analysis............................................................................................ 59

    Chapter 7 .......................................................................................................................... 77

    Conclusion .................................................................................................................... 77

    BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................................ 81

    APPENDIX ...................................................................................................................... 85

  • vii

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 2.1 Fuel Consumption in Turkey ............................................................................ 5

    Figure 2.2-Market Shares of Fuel Distribution Companies in Turkey .............................. 6

    Figure 2.3 Fuel Procurement Ways .................................................................................... 8

    Figure 2.4 Terminals of Petrol Ofisi ..............................................

Recommended

View more >