Intermodal Transport Solution Cluj-Napoca

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STUDIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PASSENGERS AND CARGO AT CLUJ-NAPOCA IINTERNATIONAL AIRPORTCo-financed by European Union - Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

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  • STUDIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PASSENGERS AND

    CARGO AT CLUJ-NAPOCA INTERMODAL AIRPORT Co-financed by European Union - Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

    DESIGNERS: Association AMC-POOL-SEA-SMA Page | 1

    SUMMARY

    1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................... 7

    1.1. FEASIBILITY STUDY OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT

    INFRASTRUCTURE .................................................................................................................. 7

    1.2. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT FRAMEWORK AND CONSTRAINTS ...................... 8

    1.3. TERRITORY AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM .................................................... 8

    1.4. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS .................................................................................. 9

    1.5. ANALYSIS AND FORECAST FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE

    INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE ............................................................ 10

    1.6. MASTERPLAN OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE ...... 11

    1.7. CONCLUSION .............................................................................................................. 12

    2. INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................ 13

    2.1. AIMS AND STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES OF THE ACTION ...................................... 14

    2.1.1. ACTION'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE POLICY OBJECTIVES OF THE TEN-T

    NETWORK .......................................................................................................................................... 16

    2.1.2. ADDED VALUE COMPARED TO TEN-T PRIORITY ....................................................... 16

    2.2. FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL

    PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE AT CLUJ-NAPOCA

    INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ................................................................................................. 22

    2.2.1. CATCHMENT AREA AND FLOW FORECAST ANALYSIS ............................................ 23

    2.2.2. ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS ......................................................................................... 24

    3. TRANSPORT PLANS AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK ................................. 25

    3.1. INTERMODAL TRANSPORT FRAMEWORK .......................................................... 25

    3.1.1. POINTS OF DEPARTURE .................................................................................................... 25

    3.1.2. THE MARKET REQUIREMENTS FOR INTER-MODAL TRANSPORT.......................... 26

    3.1.3. AVAILABILITY OF EFFICIENT TERMINALS ................................................................. 26

    3.1.4. INTER-MODAL TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION ............................................................. 27

    3.2. GENERAL URBAN PLAN FRAMEWORK ................................................................ 27

    3.3. LOCAL PLANNING REGULATION .......................................................................... 32

  • STUDIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PASSENGERS AND

    CARGO AT CLUJ-NAPOCA INTERMODAL AIRPORT Co-financed by European Union - Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

    DESIGNERS: Association AMC-POOL-SEA-SMA Page | 2

    3.4. AUTHORIZATIONS REQUIRED FOR THE PROJECT ............................................ 34

    3.5. STAKEHOLDER ENGAGEMENT .............................................................................. 35

    4. AVIATION SERVITUDES ............................................................................................ 37

    4.1. DOCUMENTS WHICH FORMED THE BASE OF THE STUDY.............................. 37

    4.2. AVIATION SERVITUDES ........................................................................................... 38

    4.3. AREAS WITH CIVIL AVIATION SERVITUDES ...................................................... 40

    4.4. SECURITY AREAS ...................................................................................................... 40

    4.5. PROTECTION AREAS ................................................................................................. 43

    4.6. CONTROL REGIONS ................................................................................................... 43

    4.7. THE MARKING OF THE AVIATION SERVITUDES AREAS ................................. 44

    4.8. APPROVAL CONDITIONS OF THE TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATIONS FOR

    CONSTRUCTIONS, FACILITIES, ACTIVITIES ETC. IN THE AREAS WITH CIVIL

    AVIATION SERVITUDES....................................................................................................... 48

    5. TERRITORY AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM ................................................. 50

    5.1. POPULATION IN NORTHWEST REGION ............................................................... 52

    5.2. AIR TRANSPORT MARKET IN ROMANIA AND NORTHWEST REGION .......... 53

    5.2.1. AIR PASSENGER TRANSPORT .......................................................................................... 53

    5.2.2. CARGO AND MAIL TRANSPORT ..................................................................................... 55

    5.2.3. TRADITIONAL AIRLINE COMPANIES OPERATING IN ROMANIA ............................ 59

    5.2.4. LOW-COST AIRLINE COMPANIES OPERATING IN ROMANIA .................................. 59

    5.2.5. AIR CHARTER TRANSPORT MARKET IN ROMANIA ................................................... 60

    5.3. AIR TRANSPORT MARKET IN CLUJ COUNTY ..................................................... 60

    5.3.1. RAIL TRANSPORT MARKET IN ROMANIA AND NORTHWEST REGION ................. 62

    5.3.2. RAIL PASSENGER TRANSPORT ....................................................................................... 67

    5.3.3. RAIL FREIGHT TRANSPORT ............................................................................................. 69

    5.3.4. RAIL TRANSPORT IN THE NORTHWEST REGION ....................................................... 72

    6. CLUJ-NAPOCA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ........................................................ 74

    6.1. LOCATION AND RELATIONS WITH THE TERRITORY ....................................... 74

    6.2. CONNECTIONS TO THE AIRPORT .......................................................................... 77

  • STUDIES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE FOR PASSENGERS AND

    CARGO AT CLUJ-NAPOCA INTERMODAL AIRPORT Co-financed by European Union - Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

    DESIGNERS: Association AMC-POOL-SEA-SMA Page | 3

    6.2.1. TERRITORIAL CONTEXT ................................................................................................... 80

    6.2.2. CRITICAL ISSUES FOR FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS ...................................................... 81

    6.3. THE AIRPORT IN NUMBERS .................................................................................... 82

    6.3.1. CURRENT STATUS OF THE AIRPORT AND PROJECTS IN PROGRESS ..................... 85

    6.3.2. PASSENGER TERMINAL .................................................................................................... 87

    6.3.3. TERMINAL CARGO ............................................................................................................. 89

    6.3.4. RAIL TRANSPORT IN CLUJ - NAPOCA MUNICIPALITY .............................................. 91

    6.4. COMPETITION ANALYSIS ........................................................................................ 93

    6.4.1. DIRECT COMPETITION ...................................................................................................... 93

    6.4.2. INDIRECT COMPETITION .................................................................................................. 96

    7. ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT .................................................................................. 97

    7.1. ISSUES IDENTIFIED AND DISCUSSED IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

    ASSESSMENT .......................................................................................................................... 98

    7.1.1. WATER QUALITY PROTECTION ...................................................................................... 99

    7.1.2. AIR PROTECTION .............................................................................................................. 103

    7.1.3. MANAGEMENT OF WASTE GENERATED ON SITE .................................................... 108

    7.1.4. SOIL AND SUBSOIL PROTECTION ................................................................................. 108

    7.1.5. PROTECTION OF ECOSYSTEMS ..................................................................................... 112

    7.1.6. NOISE AND VIBRATION .................................................................................................. 116

    7.1.7. PROTECTION OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS ................................................................... 126

    7.2. ACTIONS TAKEN BY CLUJ-NAOCA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT TO PROTECT

    THE ENVIRONMENT ........................................................................................................... 127

    8. ANALYSIS AND FORECAST FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE

    INTERMODAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE......................................................... 129

    8.1. ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF THE PUBLIC OPINION SURVEY ................ 129

    8.1.1. ASSESSMENT OF THE INTEREST IN THE MEANS OF