Intellectual property right

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<p>PowerPoint Presentation - Intellectual Property</p> <p>INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR)</p> <p>Mr. Deepak D. GadadeAsst. Professor,Dept. of Pharmaceutics,Shri Bhagwan College of Pharmacy, Aurangabad</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>CreativityG. BellMichael FaradayG. BellElectro magnetic waves*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>What is Intellect is property?*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Intellectual propertyCreation of human mind and intellectIdea or a concept or a thought at the beginningResearch and Development to lead the idea or thought to practiceThe outcome of these ideas may be development of products, processes, works marks and design, etc.*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Intellect is property?*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Why IPR is important?Reward original efforts Stimulate innovation and creativityPrevent duplication of work?Commercial value in research?Prevent exploitation of workers?Technical information for research &amp; to prevent litigation?</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Forms of IPR*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>PatentsPatent defined in Patents Act as patent granted for any invention under the Act.Territorial (national) Statutory exclusive rightGranted by the GovernmentTo inventor or their assigneesIn consideration of disclosure of the invention to the government To prevent third parties not having his consent from making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing for those purposes the products or products produced by the patented processes (Sec. 48)For a limited period of time (20 years)Qualified rights with duties and liabilities</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Natco Pharma Bags licence to sell Bayers NexavarNexavar- Bayers Patented Anticancer ProductReasonable Public criteria (Bayer can supply drug to only 2% of cancer patients in INDIA)Reasonably Affordable </p> <p>Drug was mfg. in Germany not in INDIANATCO Share Rate increase by 6.17% (12 Months highest increase)</p> <p>*</p> <p>ParticularsStatusCost of TherapyRoyalty paidBayer, GermanyPatent OwnerRs. 2.8 lakhNegotiableNatco, IndiaCompulsory licenseRs. 8880 6% of profit</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Chart1</p> <p>28000016800</p> <p>8880532.8</p> <p>Nexaver Therapy</p> <p>Royalty (6%)</p> <p>Nexaver Patent Case</p> <p>Sheet1</p> <p>Nexaver TherapyRoyalty (6%)</p> <p>Bayer28000016800</p> <p>Natco8880532.8</p> <p>Sheet1</p> <p>Nexaver Therapy</p> <p>Royalty (6%)</p> <p>Sheet2</p> <p>Sheet3</p> <p>CopyrightObjective: To ensure protection from unlawfully exploitation of the work of owner(Author)Copyright act provides exclusive rights to authors and other owners of original works. Exclusive privilege to authors to reproduce, distribute, perform, or display their creative works.</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Copyright*FilmsLiteraryDramaticMusicalArtisticSound Recording</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>TrademarkWord or symbol used by manufacturers to identify goods.</p> <p>Customer able to distinguish product of one manufacturer from that of other.</p> <p>Initial registration for 10 yrs and further renewed by payment of fees for unlimited period.*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>LABEL - PEPSI / COCA COLA</p> <p>NAME - TATA / BIRLA / GODREJ/ Reliance*Trademark</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p> Geographial indicationGeographical Indication ?Indication which identifies such goods (as agricultural goods, natural goods or manufactured goods) as originating or manufactured or processed in territory of the country or locality of the territory Quality and reputation of such goods are attributable to geographical origin</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>GEOGRAPHICAL INDICATIONS*Scotch WhiskyKolhapuri ChappalHaldiram BhujiaPuneri PagdiLonavala ChikkiAssam Black tea</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>DESIGNIncludes shape; configuration; composition of colours, lines.Main criteria: a) Novelty b) OriginalityRegistration of design Currently governed by Design Act 2001Total time: 15 yearsInitially right is granted for 10 yrs then can be extended by 5 yrs by making application along with necessary fee. </p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>DesignsPen Drive Fancy CarFancy jar</p> <p> Baby Shoe Shoe</p> <p>MedalMobile *</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>*Trade Secret</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Plant variety Protection</p> <p>Legal protection granted by govt. for protection of plant varieties, right of farmers and plant breeders</p> <p>*Singapore Coconut</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Integrated Circuits</p> <p>Specific manner in which transistors &amp; other circuitry elements of IC are laid out and includes connecting elements.</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Laws in India</p> <p>Trade marks The Trademarks Act 1999Copy Right Works- The Copyright Act 1957Designs- lines colours shapes etc. The Designs Act 2000Inventions- Products or Process-The Patents Act 1970Plant variety protection Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act, 2001Integrated circuits- The Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-design Act, 2000Geographical Indications - Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 came in force with effect from September 2003. </p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>A BriefPatent Patents are exclusive right for new and useful inventions e. g. Dosage forms</p> <p>Trademark- Trademarks are identification marks of manufactures e.g. Coca-Cola. It protects against imitations of the products as long as they are in trade.</p> <p>Copyright- Right for creative, literary works and artistic works e.g. Books, movies</p> <p>Industrial design- Protects external look and design of industrial products e. g. spare parts</p> <p>Trade secret- Confidential information</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Approach to the protection of Intellectual Property</p> <p>Suppose you invent a Laptop/ Dissolution Test Apparatus with newer featuresRegister Patent for the technology, Design for the appearance, Trademark for its brand and Copyright for the accompanying literature.</p> <p>*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>Thank you*</p> <p>Ahmednag3/14/2012ar College 12-10-2010</p> <p>*************</p>

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