integrating cognitive, motivational and emotional self...

Download Integrating cognitive, motivational and emotional self ...doras.dcu.ie/16455/1/PhD_Final_05.07.11.pdf ·…

Post on 13-Aug-2019

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Integrating cognitive, motivational and emotional self-regulation in early stage

    entrepreneurs

    VOLUME 1 OF 2

    Deirdre O’Shea, B.Sc. (Hons), M.Sc.

    Submitted for the award of PhD

    July 2011

    Supervisor: Dr. Finian Buckley

    DCU Business School,

    Dublin City University

  • I hereby certify that this material, which I now submit for assessment on the

    programme of study leading to the award of PhD is entirely my own work, that I

    have exercised reasonable care to ensure that the work is original, and does not

    to the best of my knowledge breach any law of copyright, and has not been

    taken from the work of others save and to the extent that such work has been

    cited and acknowledged within the text of my work.

    Signed: ____________ ID No.: 55155219

    Date: 5 th

    July 2011

  • ii

    Contents Abstract ....................................................................................................................................... viii

    Acknowledgements ........................................................................................................................ x

    SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION AND REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE ........................................ 1

    CHAPTER 1: Overview of the study ............................................................................................... 2

    1.1. Self-regulation as an emerging trend in Organisational Psychology and Management

    Science ...................................................................................................................................... 2

    1.2. Aims of the research ..................................................................................................... 3

    1.3. Overview of the methodological approach .................................................................. 5

    1.4. Layout of the thesis ....................................................................................................... 7

    CHAPTER 2: The Psychology of Entrepreneurship ........................................................................ 9

    2.1. Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 9

    2.2. What is entrepreneurship? ................................................................................................ 9

    2.3. Entrepreneurship as a context for psychological research .............................................. 10

    2.4. Why study self-regulation in entrepreneurs? .................................................................. 15

    2.4.1. A psychological model of entrepreneurial success ................................................... 17

    2.4.2. Active performance concepts and their role in entrepreneurship ........................... 19

    2.5. Chapter summary............................................................................................................. 21

    CHAPTER 3: Self-Regulation: Predominant theories and the proliferation of the cognitive

    approach ..................................................................................................................................... 22

    3.1. Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 22

    3.2. Defining self-regulation.................................................................................................... 22

    3.2.1. Self-regulation as a dynamic process and limited resource ..................................... 23

    3.2.2. The Nature of Self-Regulation: Cognition, Emotion and Motivation ........................ 24

    3.3. Self-regulation in applied fields: Organisational Psychology and Entrepreneurship ....... 25

    3.4. Theoretical Overview of Self-Regulation ......................................................................... 26

    3.4.1. Action Theory of Self-Regulation .............................................................................. 32

    3.5. Volition ............................................................................................................................. 39

    3.5.1. The Rubicon Model of Action Phases (Heckhausen & Kuhl, 1985) ........................... 40

    3.6. Goals, Goal-Setting and Self-Regulation .......................................................................... 43

    3.6.1. The nature of the goal: Goal structure ..................................................................... 44

    3.6.2. The nature of the goal: Goal dimensionality ............................................................ 49

    3.7. The Present Model of Action Steps within the Rubicon Model of Work Volition ........... 52

    CHAPTER 4: Motivation and the Self-Regulation Process ........................................................... 57

  • iii

    4.1. Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 57

    4.2. Self-regulation as proximal motivation. ........................................................................... 57

    4.3. Entrepreneurs and Motivation ........................................................................................ 59

    4.4. Work Motivation: Integrating motivational and cognitive processes in Self-Regulation. 60

    4.4.1. Resource Allocation Model ....................................................................................... 61

    4.4.2. The Compensatory Model of Work Motivation and Volition ................................... 63

    4.4.3. The Model of Proactive Motivation .......................................................................... 65

    4.5. Building proximal and distal motivation into the action phases and goal processes of

    self-regulation. ........................................................................................................................ 69

    4.6. Motivation and volition in the self-regulation process .................................................... 72

    4.6.1. Distal Motivational Resources .................................................................................. 72

    4.6.2. Proximal Motivational Resources ............................................................................. 76

    4.6.3. Volitional resources .................................................................................................. 79

    4.7. Testing the expanded self-regulation model incorporating cognitive and motivational

    paths. ...................................................................................................................................... 81

    CHAPTER 5: Emotions and the self-regulation process .............................................................. 85

    5.1. Introduction ..................................................................................................................... 85

    5.2. Emotions: form, structure and function .......................................................................... 85

    5.3. The role of emotions in the work context ....................................................................... 88

    5.4. Entrepreneurs and emotion............................................................................................. 90

    5.5. Emotions in the self-regulatory system ........................................................................... 92

    5.5.1. Cognitive theories of emotion .................................................................................. 92

    5.5.2. Emotions, cognition and the regulation of behaviour .............................................. 94

    5.5.3. Theories of self-regulation incorporating affect: Control Theory ............................. 95

    5.5.4. Theories of self-regulation incorporating affect: Personality Systems Interaction

    Theory ................................................................................................................................. 98

    5.5.5. Goal-directed emotions .......................................................................................... 101

    5.6. Emotion regulation ........................................................................................................ 103

    5.6.1. Gross’s (1998) Process model of emotion regulation ............................................. 105

    5.6.2. Emotion regulation versus coping .......................................................................... 109

    5.6.3. Problem-Focused Coping ........................................................................................ 110

    5.6.4. Classifying emotion regulation strategies ............................................................... 113

    5.6.5. Emotion regulation and the broader self-regulatory process ................................ 114

    5.7. Incorporating affect into the present model: The expanded model ............................. 115

    5.7.1. Emotional components of the model and their relationships ................................ 117

  • iv

    5.7.2. Relationships between the emotional and cognitive components of the model. . 121

    5.7.3. Relationships between the emotional and motivational components of the model.

    ....