Integrated Soil Fertility Management

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  • 1. Integrated Soil Fertility Management

2. Outline

  • Background
  • Progress against outputs and outcomes
  • ISFM and the CRPs
  • Statistics and Challenges
  • Challenges

3. Background GOAL TheGoalof ISFM is to improve thelivelihoodsof people relying on agriculture in theimpact zonesin sub-Saharan Africa by developing and creating anenabling environmentfor disseminating sustainable, profitable, socially just, nutrient-dense, and resilientagricultural production systemsbased onIntegrated Soil Fertility Management 4. Definition of ISFM The application of soil fertilitymanagement practices , andtheknowledgeto adapt thesetolocal conditions , whichoptimize fertilizer and organicresource use efficiencyandcrop productivity. Thesepractices necessarily includeappropriatefertilizer and organic input management incombination with the utilizationofimproved germplas m Background 5. Impact zones Background Impact zones - SSA 6. Background Impact zones Latin America 7. Activities 1.Strategic researchon ISFM for cereal-legume systems, focusing on maximizing the use efficiency of applied inputs. 2.Adaptive, participatory researchon best ISFM practices for cereal-legume systems.3. Development of a stakeholder-specificdecision support frameworkfor ISFM in cereal-legume systems. 4. Creating anenabling environmentfor uptake of ISFM practices, focusing on improved access to markets and better health and nutrition. 5. Development of functionalimpact pathwaysfor dissemination of ISFM practices in cereal-legume systemsProgress against outputs and outcomes ISFM forlegume- cereal based systemsin sub- Saharan Africapromoted Output 1 8. BCR =3.3 8.1 -1.3 $ $ -1 Progress against outputs and outcomes Soybean yield response to inoculant 9. Progress against outputs and outcomes With manure and NPK Without inputs Productivity of climbing beans to benefit systems 10. Progress against outputs and outcomes Rotational benefits of climbing beans and soybean 11. Progress against outputs and outcomes Number of farmers reached with legumes N2Africa April 2011 12. Progress against outputs and outcomes Private-Public Partnership Kenya PROMISADOR (South Africa) contracts for4000 tonnes of smallholder soybean by 2012; partnership TSBF PROMISADOR SMART LOGISTICS - SEEDCO 13. Progress against outputs and outcomes Activities 1.Strategic researchon ISFM for cassava and banana-based systems, focusing on maximizing the use efficiency of applied inputs. 2.Adaptive, participatory researchon best ISFM practices for cassava and banana-based systems.3. Development of a stakeholder-specificdecision support frameworkfor ISFM in cassava and banana-based systems. 4. Creating anenabling environmentfor uptake of ISFM practices, focusing on improved access to markets and better health and nutrition. 5. Development of functionalimpact pathwaysfor dissemination of ISFM practices in cassava and banana-based systems.ISFM forcassava-, and banana-basedsystems in humid sub-Saharan Africaassembled Output 2 14. Progress against outputs and outcomes

  • Spontaneous adoption of alternative intercropping systems VariousNGOs are testing these agronomy practices in East DRC,Rwanda, Burundi (e.g., Great Lakes Cassava Initiative)
  • Over 10% of farmers in the Action Sites are actively using the newintercropping systems while over 30% know about it. Thesefigures are 10 and 25% in Satellite Sites

Adoption in East DR Congo CRS visit to DR Congo sites ISFM for cassava systems, Sud Kivu, East DRCongo 15. Progress against outputs and outcomes ISFM for cassava systems, Kiduma, West DRCongo 16. Progress against outputs and outcomes Activities 1.Strategic researchon ISFM for maize-bean based Quesungual agroforestry systems, focusing on maximizing the use efficiency of applied inputs. 2.Adaptive, participatory researchon best ISFM practices for improving eco-efficiency of agroforestry and livestock systems.ISFM forconservation agriculturesystems in Central Americaassembled Output 3 17.

  • Agronomic efficiency in both crops can be further increased through adoption of improved varieties

Progress against outputs and outcomes 18.

  • ADA funded project in Nicaragua (Tropical Forages, TSBF-LAC, BOKU, INTA, UNA)

Progress against outputs and outcomes

  • From current practice
  • To:
  • Organicresource management
  • Fertilizer
  • Germplasm

19. ISFM and the CRPs

  • MP1.2 Humid tropics + IITA
  • MP5 Water scarcity and land degradation + IWMI
  • MP1.1 Dryland systems + ICARDA/ICRISAT
  • MP3 Rice-based systems + IRRI/WARDA
  • MP3 Pulses + ICARDA/ICRISAT

20. ISFM and the CRPs CRP 1.2 21. ISFM and the CRPs CRP 1.2 22. ISFM and the CRPs CRP 1.2 23. ISFM and the CRPs CRP 5 24. Statistics and Challenges 100% N2Africa Project leader Dashiell, Kenton 100% M&E specialist De Wolf, Judith 25% Nutritionist Nyagayah, Martha 100% Agronomist Baijukya, Fred 75% Soil Scientist Vanlauwe, Bernard 50% 50% Agronomist African Network Coordinator Roing, Kristina Saidou, Koala 100% Soil scientist Pypers, Pieter 100% Forage Agronomist Maass, Brigitte100% Microbiologist Lesueur, Didier 100% Microbiologist Jefwa, Joyce 25% SLM Program Leader Huising, Jeroen 100% Microbiology Engineer Hermann, Laetitia 100% 30% Market Economist Soil Scientist Birachi, Eliud Castro, Aracely 25. Statistics and Challenges 26. Statistics and Challenges 100% 6,045,194Total Expenditures 1% 81,506Non Research Cost 99% 6,243,443Direct Expenditures 91% 5,731,878Sub Total Restricted2% 150,000Water and Food CP 0% 2,174Sub Sahara Africa CP 88% 5,579,704Special projects Restricted 8% 511,566Sub-total Core 0% 0 Restricted Core 8% 511,566Unrestricted Core TSBF PROPORTION (%) AMOUNT (US$) SOURCE 27. Statistics and Challenges

  • Major challenges:
  • High staff turnover
  • Loss of specific capacity and lack of funds to replace this (e.g., socio- economist)
  • Very limited amounts of institutional support (far less than otherCIAT research areas
  • Lack of support to maintain essential functions (e.g., laboratoryequipment, offices)
  • Payment for services to different institutes (CIAT, ICRAF, etc)
  • Complex sub-contracting processes through HQ, even for minimalamounts of funding
  • [Note: Similar comments have been presented during past board meetings]

28. The future... 29. The future... Output 1:Functional soil biodiversitywith specific focus on enhancingnutrient use efficiency and other ecosystem services Output 2: Developing ISFM principles withincrop-livestock and rice-based systems and conservation agriculturefor maximum productivity, profitability, and equity Output 3:Guiding principlesfor maximizing water and nutrient useefficiency through locally adapted deployment offertilizer , resilientlegume germplasm , andbiological inoculants Output 4:Input and output marketsand betterhealth and nutritionas drivers for the adoption of ISFMOutput 5:Fostering disseminationof developed ISFM products and associated knowledge systems 30. The future...

  • New opportunities towards a stronger TSBF and a stronger CIAT
  • TSBF-CIAT IITA alliance for soils as anexample of the new CGIAR
  • CRP 1.2, CRP 5
  • Creation of a soils platform in Africa (and otherregions): TSBF, IITA, ICRAF, IFDC, IPNI, etc

31. The future... 32. Thank you!

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