infant needs feeding

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Post on 10-Nov-2014




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  • 1. Infant Feeding
  • 2. Food Options 1-6 months breast milk or formula Ability to swallow solid food is not fully developed Digestive system immature Solids given too early may cause allergy or intolerance problems Too much sodium too early can increase chance for high blood pressure as an adult Too many calories can cause overweight babies
  • 3. Food Options 6-12 months solid foods Introduce one type of food at a time Wait 4-5 days to introduce another Watch for allergies
  • 4. Breastfeeding Benefits for Baby Promotes bonding with mother Soothes infant Contains chemicals that soothe and endorphins that suppress pain. Decreases incidence and/or severity of Diarrhea Lower respiratory infection Ear infections Bacterial meningitis Botulism Asthma Urinary tract infection Good for brain development Some studies show breastfed babies have a higher IQ than bottle fed babies Over-feeding or force feeding is impossible Decreases risk of obesity later in life Easily digested Helps jaw and teeth develop properly Breastfed babies use 60 times more energy to get milk Decreases risk of breast cancer of female babies 25% lower risk Aids in development of infants immune system Colostrum is high in protein and antibody content. Antibodies protect the infant from disease and boost the immune system. Less likely to cause allergic reactions
  • 5. Breastfeeding Benefits for Mom Earlier return to pre-pregnant weight Mother uses 1000 extra calories per day (pound equals 3500) Releases hormone oxytocin that stimulates contraction of uterus, and help with baby blues Promotes less bleeding after birth Promotes improved bone structure after birth Convenient and free Reduce risk of ovarian cancer and premenopausal breast cancer Environmental friendly Infants produce less offensive bowel movements to change
  • 6. Foods to avoid Choking hazards Berries Small candy Raw carrots Whole kernel corn Grapes and raisins Hot dogs sliced in rounds (rounds should be quartered Pretzels Nuts and peanut butter Whole kernel cooked corn and popcorn
  • 7. Foods to Avoid Too much sugar Cake, in excess Candy, in excess Cookies, in excess
  • 8. Foods to Avoid Too much sodium Saltine crackers, in excess Little or no nutritional value Artificially flavored fruit drinks Soft drinks Hard to digest Yeast or unpasteurized yogurt
  • 9. Foods to Avoid Stimulants Coffee Tea Soft drinks with caffeine Cocoa (hot chocolate) Depressant alcohol
  • 10. Baby Food Jar Look for pull date Listen/look for safety button Put food portion in bowl Dont feed from jar Bacteria growth
  • 11. Baby Food continued. Food should be room temperature Refrigerate unused portion Use within 2 days
  • 12. Weaning Taking the infant off the bottle or breast Must be gradual At one year-cows milk Drop one feeding for 3-4 days, then another Start 9-12 months, finish by 18 months
  • 13. Spoon Feeding Extrusion reflex until 16-18 weeks Tongue thrusts forward when touched Wont open mouth when sees spoon until 5 months old May reject food if not offered by 8-9 months Babies dont need more nutrients than breast milk or formula until they are 13-15 lbs. Dont have enzymes or saliva needed for digestion of solid foods
  • 14. Self Feeding Finger foods


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