india's sex ratio

Download India's sex ratio

Post on 21-May-2015



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A look at the disturbing downward trend in India's sex ratio.


  • 1. Indias Sex Ratio
    Global Health & Healing
    April 2011
    Suffolk University
    Guest Lecturer: Diane DSouza

2. What is a sex ratio?
The proportion of females to males in a population.
It is calculated as the number of females per thousand males.
It is measured at different points in the life cycle.
3. Whats a Normal Sex Ratio?
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Source: CIA Factbook; accessed on 20 April 2011 from:
4. Indias Missing Girls
Today, 2,000 girls a day go missing in India.
Thats 700,000 a year.
Demographers estimate that 10 million girlsdisappeared from 1981 to 2005.
Source: P. M. Kulkarni, UNFPA Report: "Estimations of Missing Girls at Birth and Juvenile Ages in India, United Nations Population Fund, 2007.
5. How it happens has changed over time:
Death of mothers in childbirth.
Neglect during early infancy and young childhood.
Killing after the female child is born.
Illegal sex determination and consequent abortion.
6. 7. State-wise diversity in sex ratio at birth
What might cause these differences?
Source: Seven brothers: An aversion to having daughters is leading to millions of missing girls, The Economist, 7 April 2011; accessed on 20 April 2011 at:
8. What contributes to Indias low sex ratio?
Females perceived as an economic burden (dowry, marriage costs).
Males perceived as providing for ones parents in old age (and inheriting property).
A punishing patriarchal view of female worthwhich has been internalized by women.