india's sex ratio

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A look at the disturbing downward trend in India's sex ratio.

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  • 1. Indias Sex Ratio
    Global Health & Healing
    April 2011
    Suffolk University
    Guest Lecturer: Diane DSouza

2. What is a sex ratio?
The proportion of females to males in a population.
It is calculated as the number of females per thousand males.
It is measured at different points in the life cycle.
3. Whats a Normal Sex Ratio?
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Source: CIA Factbook; accessed on 20 April 2011 from: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2018.html
4. Indias Missing Girls
Today, 2,000 girls a day go missing in India.
Thats 700,000 a year.
Demographers estimate that 10 million girlsdisappeared from 1981 to 2005.
Source: P. M. Kulkarni, UNFPA Report: "Estimations of Missing Girls at Birth and Juvenile Ages in India, United Nations Population Fund, 2007.
5. How it happens has changed over time:
Death of mothers in childbirth.
Neglect during early infancy and young childhood.
Killing after the female child is born.
Illegal sex determination and consequent abortion.
6. 7. State-wise diversity in sex ratio at birth
What might cause these differences?
Source: Seven brothers: An aversion to having daughters is leading to millions of missing girls, The Economist, 7 April 2011; accessed on 20 April 2011 at: www.economist.com/node/18530371
8. What contributes to Indias low sex ratio?
Females perceived as an economic burden (dowry, marriage costs).
Males perceived as providing for ones parents in old age (and inheriting property).
A punishing patriarchal view of female worthwhich has been internalized by women.