India's Indepencence

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  • 1.India'sIndependence

2. Indian National Congress Founded in 1885 3. Gandhi with the London Vegetarian Society, 1890 4. Gandhi as a Lawyer inSouth Africa 5. Amritsar Massacre, 1919 379 dead;over 1200 wounded! 6. Salt March 1930 Making Salt 7. Last Viceroy of India Lord Louis & Lady Edwina Montbatten 8. Partition! 9. 10. 11. Border problems 12. Jawarlal Nehru

  • Ally of Gandhi.
  • 1 stPrime Ministerof India,1947-1964.
  • Advocated Industrialization.
  • Promoted Green Revolution.
  • Nonaligned Movement.

13. Non-Alignment 14.

  • private and public ownership.
  • Foreign aid & foreign investmentare crucial.
  • Urban areas have high-tech companies.
  • 75% of the population are farmers living in small villages.
  • India's"Green Revolution"allowed farmers to triple their crop by using modern science and technology.Goal of self-sufficiency.

Indias Economy 15.

  • Nehrus daughter.
  • Prime Minister of India, 1966-1984.
  • Continues Nehrus policies.
  • Faced corruption charges & internal rebellion.
  • Assassinated in 1984.

Indira Gandhi 16. Persecution of the Sikhs The Sikh religion originated in 15th century in the Punjabregion ofIndia. (Sikhs goal is the union of ones soul with God.A Sikh disciplines his thoughts and actions so that the five obstacles lust, anger, greed, attachment and ego are dispelled and his soul is united with God.Sikhs believe that the cycle of reincarnation is escaped by this union.) 17. A Sikh Diaspora: Below: Sikh new year in Canada 18. Mrs. Gandhi assassinated! 1984 19.

  • Indiras son.
  • Prime Minister of India, 1984-1989.
  • Some reform of economy and government.
  • Assassinated in 1991.

Rajiv Gandhi 20.

  • Italian-born Sonia Maino married Rajiv Gandhi in 1968.
  • She moved into the house of her mother-in-law, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

A foreigner joins the family 21.

  • 1983Indian citizen.
  • 1984first lady when her husband,Rajiv Gandhi, succeeded his assassinated mother as Prime Minister.

Mrs. Sonia Maino Gandhi 22.

  • 1991Tragedy struck the Gandhi family again when Rajiv was killed bya suicide bomber.

23.

  • Sonia Gandhi remained Roman Catholic, but follows Hindu & Indian traditions.
  • With her children, she scattered Rajiv's ashes in the Ganges.

24.

  • After Rajiv's death Sonia shied away fromthe spotlight.In 1998, she agreed to start her own career as a Gandhi again and became an important political leader.

25.

  • Sonia's son Rahul and daughter Priyankahave also become politically active.

26. 27.

  • 2004Prime Minister.
  • He stood next to Sonia Gandhi, who stunned the country when she declined the office of Prime Minister.
  • He was the first Sikh to be Prime Minister.

Manmohan Singh 28.

  • Overpopulation1 billion & climbing.
  • Economic development.
  • Hindu-Muslim tensions.
  • Gender issuesdowry killings.
  • Caste biasdiscrimination againstuntouchables continues.
  • The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons.
  • Political assassinations.

Major problems in India today 29. Is the dream gone? 30. 1971 India-Pakistan War 31. Indira Gandhi with her troops 32. Indian soldiers near the Pakistan border 33. 1998India and Pakistantest nuclear weapons 34. 2002 Military Statistics 35. 36. 37. The India-Pakistan Arms Race Heats Up in the Late 1990s 38. 2002 Nuclear Statistics 39. Pakistani Activists Burn an Indian Flag to Protest Indias 1998 Nuclear Tests 40. Hot Air Balloon Protesting India & Pakistans nuclear testing - 1998 41. India Displays Nuclear Missiles During Republic Day, - 2002 42. 43. New Friends? Musharraf and India's new Prime Minister Manmohan Singh speak by telephone frequently affirming a strong desire for peace and resolution of their disputes, including Kashmir, on which the two countries have fought two of their three wars. 44. Partners in the War on Terror? 45. 46. 47.

  • Led briefly byMuhammad Ali Jinnah.
  • Prime Minister AyubKhan.
  • Dangerous combination
    • Was not preparedto rule in 1948.
    • Strong Islamicfundamentalism.
    • Impoverished.
  • Pakistan divides in 1972
    • W. Pakistan = Pakistan
    • E. Pakistan = Bangladesh

pakistan 48.

  • First Woman Prime Minister, 1988
    • Ousted in 1990, 1993 on corruption charges.
  • Nawaz Sharif
    • Ousted three times.
    • Struggle between modernizers and fundamentalists.

Benazir Bhutto 49.

    • Coup detat .
    • Secular government against Islamicfundamentalists.
    • U.S. ally in the War on Terror.

Gen. Pervex Musharaff 50.

  • Economic development.
  • Political instability/militarydictatorship.
  • Hindu-Muslim tensions.
  • Gender issueshonor killings.
  • Terrorism.
  • The Kashmir dispute and nuclear weapons.

Major problems & Issuesin Pakistan today 51. India-Pakistan Border Disputes