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INDIAN AWAKENING@Salt SatyagrahaMovement -Dandi marchPRESENTATION BY:-CHIRAJAY AGGARWALVIII A
Salt SatyagrahaMovement -Dandi march
TABLE OF CONTENTS :-Why Salt SatyagrahaMovement -Dandi march, started ? Salt SatyagrahaMovement -Dandi marchImmediate causeSalt march: AftermathRoute of Dandi march and leaders Leaders DescriptionMahatma Gandhi Sarojini NaiduConclusion
Why Salt SatyagrahaMovement -Dandi march, started ? Britains Salt Acts prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt, a staple in the Indian diet. Citizens were forced to buy the vital mineral from the British, who, in addition to exercising a monopoly over the manufacture and sale of salt, also exerted a heavy salt tax. Although Indias poor suffered most under the tax, Indians required salt. Defying the Salt Acts,Mohandas Gandhireasoned, would be an ingeniously simple way for many Indians to break a British law non-violently. Gandhi declared resistance to British salt policies to be the unifying theme for his new campaign of satyagraha, or mass civil disobedience.
Salt SatyagrahaMovement -Dandi marchTheDandi March, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, began on 12March1930 and was an important part of the Indian independence movement and was led by Mohandas Gandhi. It was a direct action campaign of salt tax resistance.On12 March 1930, Gandhi and 78 satyagrahis, set out on foot for the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, over 390 kilometres from their starting point at Sabarmati Ashram. Gandhi and the others continued and made a 24-day march toDandito produce salt without paying the tax, growing numbers of Indians joined them along the way.
Immediate causeHowever, Gandhi was arrested on the midnight of 45 May 1930. The Dandi March and the ensuingDharasana Satyagrahadrew worldwide attention to theIndian independence movementthrough extensive newspaper and newsreel coverage. Thesatyagrahaagainst the salt tax continued for almost a year, ending with Gandhi's release from jail.When Gandhi broke the salt laws at 6:30 am on 6 April 1930, it sparked large scale acts ofcivil disobedience against theBritish Rajsalt lawsby millions of Indians. The campaign had a significant effect on changing world and British attitudes towards Indian sovereignty and self-ruleand caused large numbers of Indians to join the fight for the first time.
Salt march: AftermathIn January 1931, Gandhi was released from prison. He later met with Lord Irwin (1881-1959), the viceroy of India, and agreed to call off the satyagraha in exchange for an equal negotiating role at a London conference on Indias future. In August of that year, Gandhi traveled to the conference as the sole representative of the nationalist Indian National Congress. The meeting was a disappointment, but British leaders had acknowledged Gandhi as a force they could not suppress or ignore.
Route of Dandi march and leaders
Pyarelal Nayyar, born in Punjab
Gandhi ji, born in Porbandar, Gujarat
Sarojini Naidu, born in Hyderabad
Leaders DescriptionMahatma Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi is very famous in India as Bapu or Rastrapita. The full name of him is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who led India as a leader of the nationalism against British rule. He was born on 2ndof October in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He died on 30thof January in 1948. M.K. Gandhi was assassinated by the Hindu activist, Nathuram Godse, who was hanged later as a punishment by the government of India.
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu was one of the main leaders of India's freedom struggle. She was born on 13th February 1879 in Hyderabad. Her father's name was Dr. Aghornath Chattopadhyaya and mother's name was Varasundari. Sarojini had interest towards poetry from a very early age. Later on, she was known as The Nightingale of India'. When India became free in 1947, she was appointed as the Governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh). She died on 2nd March 1949.
Pyarelal NayyarHe was the personal secretary ofMahatma Gandhiin his later years. His sister Dr.Sushila Nayyarwas the personal physician of Mahatma Gandhi. Pyarelal was active in the freedom struggle, in the footsteps of Gandhi. He participated in theSalt March to Dandiin 1930.
Because of all these freedom struggle and movements which were mainly led by Mahatma Gandhi, our INDIA got INDEPENDENCE on 15th August,1947.