independence movements

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  • Top of the Mornin! 3/17/15EQ: How did Latin America gain their Independence? HW: None SPONGE #1. Update TOC and glue handout on to page 71#2. What does Independence mean to you? Quietly discuss with a person sitting next to you.

    Date#Title 3-1771LA Independence Leaders3-1772LA Liberator Action Figure Project

  • Directions- PIG OUT NotesPair- Individual- Group (no more than 3)Get BYOT/iPad- Go to mspardee.weebly.com (link on edmodo) OR use coachbook pgs 99-102Complete your graphic organizer using technologyYou will have 12 minutes and then we will go over it as a class*If you finish early, come get your project from the Blue tray on my desk.

  • Unit 7 Notes

  • Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are the lowest classNative Americans begin to die because of European diseasesIntroduction of SlaveryNew ethnicities- Mestizo, Mulatto, CriolloMore money from Triangle Trade = more slavesSlaves are unhappy= more rebellions

  • Haiti

  • former slave in Haiti; freed in 1777Plantation owner allowed him to learn how to read and writeRead books about freedom and equality for all1789- French revolution occurs, and they free all blacks and mulattoesThis made plantation owners MAD- so France took it back1791: led a huge slave revolt against the French in Hispanola

  • 1793- French government abolishes slavery1801: LOuverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony & freed all slaves thereSix months later, he became governor general of Haiti for life.1802: Napoleon sends Large French army lands in Haiti wanted to restore old French government & regain control of sugar tradeLOuverture was asked to attend a peace treaty in FranceFrench tricked and arrested LOuverture and sent him to prison in FranceLOuverture died in prison

  • LOuvertures army was outraged; it took up arms again against France.November 1803: defeated last of the French forces 1804: declared Haiti independent of French ruleHaiti became the 1st country in Latin America to break free of European imperialism.

  • Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia

  • wealthy Venezuelan criollo who spent many years traveling EuropeWhile in Italy, he discovered his lifes purpose: to liberate his homeland from European control.1810: Bolivars army kicks Spanish governor out of Venezuela1811: new constitution proclaimed Venezuelas independent of Spanish ruleSoon after, Spanish royalists defeated the new countrys army & Bolivar was forced to flee to New Granada (Colombia).

  • Bolivar organized a bigger army & marched back into Venezuela.1813: Bolivars army won & took control of Venezuelas capital, CaracasBolivar was nicknamed El Libertador.Over the next few years, Bolivar liberated New Granada (now Colombia), Ecuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper Peru (now Bolivia).

  • Mexico

  • Catholic priest in the town of Doloresbegan the struggle for Mexicos independence in 1810September 16th, 1810: Cry of Dolores was his call for revolution; rang church bells and shouted, Long live our Lady of Guadalupe! Death to bad government! Death to the Spaniards!an army of mestizos & Native Americans rallied behind Hidalgo

  • 80,000 people joined the fight, but the army was soon defeated by the Spanish.Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811Mexicans continued to fight for independence over the next decade.1821: Mexico gained independence from Spain.Mexico celebrates September 16th as its Independence Day.The president rings a bell in Mexico city and repeats Hidalgos Cry of Dolores.