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Top of the Mornin! 3/17/15EQ: How did Latin America gain their Independence? HW: None SPONGE #1. Update TOC and glue handout on to page 71#2. What does Independence mean to you? Quietly discuss with a person sitting next to you.
Date#Title 3-1771LA Independence Leaders3-1772LA Liberator Action Figure Project
Directions- PIG OUT NotesPair- Individual- Group (no more than 3)Get BYOT/iPad- Go to mspardee.weebly.com (link on edmodo) OR use coachbook pgs 99-102Complete your graphic organizer using technologyYou will have 12 minutes and then we will go over it as a class*If you finish early, come get your project from the Blue tray on my desk.
Unit 7 Notes
Spain is building an empire- Native Americans are the lowest classNative Americans begin to die because of European diseasesIntroduction of SlaveryNew ethnicities- Mestizo, Mulatto, CriolloMore money from Triangle Trade = more slavesSlaves are unhappy= more rebellions
former slave in Haiti; freed in 1777Plantation owner allowed him to learn how to read and writeRead books about freedom and equality for all1789- French revolution occurs, and they free all blacks and mulattoesThis made plantation owners MAD- so France took it back1791: led a huge slave revolt against the French in Hispanola
1793- French government abolishes slavery1801: LOuverture led a huge army into a Spanish colony & freed all slaves thereSix months later, he became governor general of Haiti for life.1802: Napoleon sends Large French army lands in Haiti wanted to restore old French government & regain control of sugar tradeLOuverture was asked to attend a peace treaty in FranceFrench tricked and arrested LOuverture and sent him to prison in FranceLOuverture died in prison
LOuvertures army was outraged; it took up arms again against France.November 1803: defeated last of the French forces 1804: declared Haiti independent of French ruleHaiti became the 1st country in Latin America to break free of European imperialism.
Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia
wealthy Venezuelan criollo who spent many years traveling EuropeWhile in Italy, he discovered his lifes purpose: to liberate his homeland from European control.1810: Bolivars army kicks Spanish governor out of Venezuela1811: new constitution proclaimed Venezuelas independent of Spanish ruleSoon after, Spanish royalists defeated the new countrys army & Bolivar was forced to flee to New Granada (Colombia).
Bolivar organized a bigger army & marched back into Venezuela.1813: Bolivars army won & took control of Venezuelas capital, CaracasBolivar was nicknamed El Libertador.Over the next few years, Bolivar liberated New Granada (now Colombia), Ecuador, Panama, Peru, & Upper Peru (now Bolivia).
Catholic priest in the town of Doloresbegan the struggle for Mexicos independence in 1810September 16th, 1810: Cry of Dolores was his call for revolution; rang church bells and shouted, Long live our Lady of Guadalupe! Death to bad government! Death to the Spaniards!an army of mestizos & Native Americans rallied behind Hidalgo
80,000 people joined the fight, but the army was soon defeated by the Spanish.Hidalgo was captured and executed in 1811Mexicans continued to fight for independence over the next decade.1821: Mexico gained independence from Spain.Mexico celebrates September 16th as its Independence Day.The president rings a bell in Mexico city and repeats Hidalgos Cry of Dolores.