important world cultivars of loquat

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Important World Cultivars of Loquat. Jules Janick, Zhike Zhang, and Shunquan Lin Purdue University, USA Guangdon Higher Education Institute, China. Loquats and a Mountain Bird Southern Song Dynasty (11271279). Brazil J. Saval Brasil Ronda Brasil China Changhong-3 Dazhong - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Important World Cultivars of Loquat

Jules Janick, Zhike Zhang, and Shunquan LinPurdue University, USAGuangdon Higher Education Institute, China

Loquats and a Mountain BirdSouthern Song Dynasty (11271279)

BrazilJ. Saval BrasilRonda BrasilChinaChanghong-3DazhongHongganbenJiefanghzhongMeihuaxiaPuxinbenTaicheng-4Xiangzhong-11Zaozhong-6JapanMogiMogi WasseTanakaItalyBiancoItaliano-1MarchettoOttavianiMaiteManisesMarcMas VaguMasa CaeraManeraMercedesMil HomensMiquel dAixarMiquel NucierNadal TardoNadal TempranoPeluchesPeixPere EsquenaPieraPolop-1RalRedonetRequinaRonda GruesosSacsRosaRosa TardoSanfilipparaVaniglia DulceVirticchiaraPakistanIkramullah-1Ikramullah-2Khyber-1Saeed-1PortugalAlmargemMata Mouros RegionalRolho IITaviraSpainAl-AmaAlccerAlfons Gregori-1Alfons Gregori-2Algerie (Altea)Algerie clon tardo

BarretBenimelliBeniaratxBordeCabeloCambrilsChirleroCortCoxCremaorDamaDulce PeraEstrada BlancEstrada GrocPaco el GordoIRTAIsmaelJaviernJoaqun GinerLinaresMagdalMagdal Carne BlancaSaguntSallySamper-1Samper-2Saval-1Saval-2Saval MorenoSaval NerviadoSisantanouSiscarSusanaTemprano de PetrsToni TomacaVilaUSAAdvanceChampagneGolden NuggetMcBethMrs CookseySabrosoVista White

Fujian

Huangmi Seedling, 2005, big fruit 63121gWhitish. Late, late-April to early-MayEdible rate: 73%. TSS: 13%Thick peel, easy peel, resists fruit cracking, rust, sunburn; good storage & transport

CHINA: Fujian ProvinceYanhong Jiefangzhong Gold Nugget2009, 69g.Orange, late, mid MayTSS :13.1%.Disease resistance, high yieldChanghong No.3 Seedling, 1987, 50.1g. YellowishTSS: 8.9%High yield, large fruit, thick fresh, disease resistanceZaozhong No.6 Jiefangzhong Moriowase, 198953100g. Orange, Early (mid-April)TSS: 11.9%. High yieldMelting, sweet, resistant to fruit rust & low temperature

Zheijiang

Ninghaibai Seedling, 2004, 52g, WhitishLate May to early June. TSS: 1319%Quality: Melting

Libai Seedling, 1985, 45g, WhitishMid-late May. TSS: 14.2, 79% edibleQuality, tender, juicy, rich flavorResistant to leaf spot, fruit rust, sunburn

Subai No. 1Seedling, new. 41g, WhitishLate (earlymid June). TSS: 14.5%Quality; high, juicy, sweet-sour, long storageCHINA: Zheijiang Province

DahongpaoSeedling, 1876, 45100gYellow-orange, late May, TSS: 11%.High yield, resistant to cold & droughtEasy to peel, thick flesh, good quality.

Sichuan

Dawuxing Seedling, 1978, 6078gOrange-red. TSS: 1215%Edible rate 73%. Late (May-June)Easy peel, strong flavor, juicy, tender and delicate

Longquan No.1 Seedling, 2002, 5869gYellow-orange Early (mid-May)TSS: 11.4%, 71% edibleLarge fruit, good taste, tenderCHINA: Sichuan Province10

AnhuiShanxi

CHINA: Anhui ProvinceGuangrongzhong Seedling, 4580gYellow-orange. Mid-late MayTSS: 10%High yield, resistant to cold & dry, good storage & transportEasy peel, sweet-acid, good quality

CHINA: Shanxi ProvinceMaihouhuangSeedling, 1995, 3042gOrange-red. TSS 12.0%Edible rate 75%Late (mid to late-June)High yield, delicate, good taste TURKEYAkko I3Japanese origin, 2025g, 23 seedDark orange, yellow-red fleshSunburnJuicy, sweet agreeable flavorGood keepingGolden NuggetClone of Tanaka, California 18881890Orange, yellow-red fleshJuicy, sweet, agreeable apricot-like flavorGood keeping, ships wellHafif CukurgobekSeedling, Turkish selectionOrange, yellowish-red fleshSweet, juicy, pleasant flavor,Good keeping

ITALY (Sicily)VirticchiaraSeedling from Bocca di Falco (near Palermo)Very early (April)White-pink flesh, 4550g, TSS: 910%SweetNespola RossaSeedling from Ficarfazzi (near Palermo)End of April, (flowers OctDec).Pink fleshTSS: 910%Pollinator for Nespolone di Trabia and SanfilliparoNespolone di TrabiaSeedling from Trabia (near Palermo)MayJuneOrange flesh, 6080gTSS: 1415%Very good quality, ships well

ITALY (Sicily)Sanfilipparo (Gigante)Derived and similar to Nespolone di TrabiaOrange fleshAdaptable to different climates, ships wellMarchettoSeedling from Facarazzi (near Palermo)White orange flesh, 7080g, TSS: 15%Easy peel, ships poorly, local sales

SPAINAlgerieSeedling from Algeria, 65g, TSS: 11%Yellow-orange fruit & fleshJuicy, tasty, good sugar acid balance, good postharvest High productivity 90% of Spanish productionGolden NuggetClone of Tanaka, California 18881890Orange, yellow-red fleshJuicy, sweet, agreeable apricot-like flavorGood keeping, ships well

UNITED STATES (California)AdvanceSeedling, 1897 (C.P. Taft), Japanese originLate, Yellowred flesh, self infertileDowny skin, Medium sizeGood pollinatorExcellent flavor, thick fleshDwarf treeChampagneSeedling, 1908 (C.P. Taft), Japanese originMid-season to lateYellowish-red flesh, 35 seedExcellent flavor, juicyProlific

JAPAN (Honshu, Shikoku)TanakaSeed from Nagasaki 1888May (late in California), 7080g, 24 seedYellow-red flesh, firm. Juicy, subacid, sweet35% of crop in Japan, susceptible to sunburn

JAPAN (Kyushu)YougyokuMogi Morimoto, 1973, released 199960g, TSS: 12%Yellow fleshSensitive to loquat canker

Shiromogi From Moki, seedling of Chinese loquat, 1840Mid seasonWhite fleshExcellent qualityNagasaki-waseMogi Hondawase, 1976Very earlyOrange-orange yellow, yellow-red fleshExcellent quality, good keepingJAPAN (Kyushu)

SuzukazeFrom Kusunoki Mogi, 1999, 55g Yellow fleshMiddle season, big fruitReigetsuFrom Moriowase , 2002, 51gYellow freshMature in late April, easy to peel

MizuhoNao TanakaYellow fleshLate seasonObusaTanaka Kushioki, 1967, 70 gYellow fleshMid-seasonGood keeping quality, resistant to insects & diseasesJAPANISRAELAkko 1Midseason, 4050 gSensitive to 'Purple spot'Dark orange peelProbably chance seedling from Akko farm, 1960s1970sFruit pear shapeRelatively strong flavor

YehudaMidseason, 40-50 gProbably Akko 1 Akko 13, 1960s1970sOrange peelFruit shape oblong

AvriRelatively late season5070 g (relatively large fruit)Local chance seedling from Nordia nursery 1980sYellow-orange peelFruit pear shape

Seedless loquat H324 (white fleshed)Seedless loquat D425 (orange flesh) with diploid Jinfeng at far right ConclusionMost present cultivars are chance seedlingsVariability in cultivars include:External and internal colorSizeFlesh characters, taste, sweetness, acidity, textureSeed numberFlesh thicknessKeeping qualityDisease resistance

Loquats and a Mountain BirdSouthern Song Dynasty (11271279)

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