Immigration Restriction How and why did attitudes toward immigration and immigrants change in America?

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  • Immigration Restriction How and why did attitudes toward immigration and immigrants change in America?

  • Nativism defined

    Policy of favoring the interests of native-born people over the interests of immigrants.

  • Assimilation definedThe process of giving up a part of your heritage (old culture) to become more a part of the new culture

  • SWAT AnalysisLets take a SWATWhat SYMBOLS are in the cartoon?What WORDS should we notice?What ACTION is taking place?What is the TOPIC of the cartoon?

    Thanks, to Mrs. Hirsch in East HouseSWAT

  • Immigration Statistics

  • FYIThe images here may make you feel uncomfortable, as they present stereotypes and prejudices about immigrants and immigration.If you feel uncomfortablegood. It means that you do not like to encounter stereotypes and prejudices and discrimination.

  • An interesting question: how long will it be before the Rats own the garden and the Man gets out?Source: Life, June 1893

  • Columbias Unwelcome Guests1885

  • Think:What symbols did the artists use to represent immigrants? What does the artists choice of symbols tell us about the artists opinion or point of view about immigrants?

  • Cartoon artists created images that communicated very negative stereotypes about immigrant groups. They often showed immigrants to beLazyDangerousDirtyCriminal DishonestDrunk, andUn-American, and willing to destroy American values and the American way of life.

  • Focus on the ACTION in this cartoon: what are the little figures doing?

  • Anti-Immigrant GroupsThe Know-Nothings (1840s) : estimated 1 million membersThe American Protective Association (1890s) : estimated 2-3 million membersThe Ku Klux Klan (before 1910 = racist, after 1910 = also anti immigrant) : estimated 4-5 million members in the 1920s

  • What does this artist think about immigration and immigrants?

  • Now..Practice on your ownTurn your pair so that you make a groupComplete a SWAT analysis of ONE of the political cartoons and complete the activities on todays handoutWrap-up: Why did attitudes about immigrants change?

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